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Perejil Island crisis
Ceuta (neutral).PNG
Perejil Island at far left, near Ceuta
DateJuly 18, 2002
LocationPerejil Island
35°54′50″N 5°25′08″W / 35.91389°N 5.41889°W / 35.91389; -5.41889Coordinates: 35°54′50″N 5°25′08″W / 35.91389°N 5.41889°W / 35.91389; -5.41889
Result Spanish victory
Status quo ante
Commanders and leaders
José María Aznar
Federico Trillo
Ahmed Midaoui
Grupo de Operaciones Especiales
Spanish Legion
Spanish Navy
Spanish Air Force
Guardia Civil
Moroccan Auxiliary Forces
• 8 Sub-Officers
Casualties and losses
None All captured and released in the same day

The Perejil Island crisis was a bloodless armed conflict between Spain and Morocco that occurred on July 18, 2002. The incident took place over the small, uninhabited Perejil Island.


Perejil Island (Isla Perejil in Spanish and Leila Laila in Arabic) is a small rocky island about the size of 15 football fields between Spain and Morocco, lying 250 metres (270 yd) from Morocco, and 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from the Spanish city of Ceuta, which borders Morocco, and 13.5 kilometres (8.4 mi) from mainland Spain. The island itself is deserted, and is visited by some Moroccan shepherds.

Moroccan seizure

Tensions rose on July 11, 2002, when a dozen Moroccan soldiers landed on the island, equipped with light arms, a radio, and several tents. The soldiers raised their nation's flag and set up camp. A patrol boat of the Spanish Civil Guard, which is in charge of coast guard service in Spain, approached the island from Ceuta during its routinary check, when the crew spotted the Moroccan flag flying. Guardia Civil officers decided to disembark then in the island in order to investigate the issue. When they landed on the island, they were confronted by the Moroccans soldiers, who forced them back into their boat at gunpoint after a bitter argument.[1][2][3] Morocco claimed that the occupation was carried out in order to monitor illegal immigration, and to fight drug dealers and smugglers who use the island as a logistic platform.[4][5] Following protests and calls to the return of the status quo ante from the Spanish government, the soldiers were removed, but were replaced by Moroccan naval cadets, who set up a fixed base on the island, which drew further protests from Spain. President José María Aznar warns Morocco that Spain will not accept a policy of fait accompli.[6]

Operation Romeo-Sierra

On the morning of July 18, 2002, conflict broke out when Spain retook the island by force, code-named Operation Romeo-Sierra. The attack was carried out by Spanish commandos of Grupo de Operaciones Especiales. The Spanish Navy and Spanish Air Force provided support. The Moroccan Auxiliary Forces members did not offer any resistance. Within a matter of hours, all of the Moroccan Auxiliary Forces members were taken prisoner, and the island was secured. The prisoners were transported by helicopter to the headquarters of Civil Guard in Ceuta, from where they were transported to the Moroccan border. Over the course of the same day, the Spanish commandos on the island were replaced by soldiers of the Spanish Legion.


The Spanish Legion troops on the island remained there after the operation was complete. The United States mediated the situation, and eventually managed to restore the status quo ante. All Spanish troops were withdrawn, and the island remains unoccupied but claimed by both sides. BBC News interviewed Spanish citizens across Madrid after the conflict, and most people supported this incursion. Opposition politician Gaspar Llamazares of the United Left party said that Spain shouldn't fall into the provocation trap, so it doesn't ruin its image in North Africa.[7]

The two countries continue to dispute sovereignty of the island.[citation needed]


External links

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