|Paul Bronsart von Schellendorf|
Paul Bronsart von Schellendorf
|Born||25 January 1832|
|Died||23 June 1891(aged 59)|
|Place of birth||Danzig, Prussia|
|Place of death||Schettnienen near Braunsberg, East Prussia|
|Years of service||1849-|
|Commands held||I Corps|
|Other work||Prussian Minister of War (1883-1889)|
Paul Bronsart von Schellendorf (25 January 1832 – 23 June 1891) was a Prussian general and writer.
Life and career
Bronsart was born in Danzig (Gdańsk), Prussia. He entered the Prussian Guards in 1849, and was appointed to the general staff in 1861 as a captain; after three years of staff service he returned to regimental duty, but was soon reappointed to the staff, and lectured at the Prussian Military Academy, becoming major in 1865 and lieutenant colonel in 1869. During the Franco-Prussian War (1870) he was chief of a section on the General Staff, and conducted the preliminary negotiations for the surrender of the French at Sedan. After the war Bronsart was made a colonel and chief of staff of the Guard army corps, becoming major-general in 1876 and lieutenant general (with a division command) in 1881. Two years later he became war minister, and during his tenure of the post (1883–1889) many important reforms were carried out in the Prussian army, in particular the introduction of the magazine rifle. He was appointed in 1889 to command the I Corps at Königsberg. He died at his estate of Schettnienen near Braunsberg (Braniewo), in 1891 at the age of 59.
Bronsart's military writings include two works of great importance:
- Ein Rückblick auf die taktischen Rückblicke (2nd ed., Berlin, 1870), a pamphlet written in reply to Captain May's Tactical Retrospect of 1866; and
- Der Dienst des Generalstabes (1st ed., Berlin, 1876; 3rd ed. revised by General Meckel, 1893; new ed. by the author's son, Major Bronsart von Schellendorf, Berlin, 1904), a comprehensive treatise on the duties of the general staff. The third edition of this work was soon after its publication translated into English and issued officially to the British army as The Duties of the General Staff. Major Bronsart's new edition of 1904 was re-issued in English by the General Staff, under the same title, in 1905.
- Schellendorf, Paul Leopold Eduard Heinrich Anton Bronsart. (1893). Duties of the General Staff, translated by William Aldworth Home Hare. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
Awards and decorations
- Iron Cross of 1870
- 2nd Class (2 September 1870)
- 1st Class (31 December 1870)
- Order of the Crown, 2nd Class with Swords on rings (Prussia, 18 September 1880)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown of Italy (17 March 1883)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Zähringer Lion (20 September 1885)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Württemberg Crown (1 October 1885)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Red Eagle with Oak Leaves (3 July 1888)
- Star of Grand Commander of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern (8 April 1889)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911) Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.) Cambridge University Press
- Amtspresse Preussens (German)
Georg von Kameke
|Prussian Minister of War
Julius von Verdy du Vernois
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