Paul Andreas von Rennenkampff
Lieutenant-General Paul Andreas Edler von Rennenkampff, c. 1855.
|Born||9 March [O.S. 26 February] 1790|
|Died||8 December [O.S. 26 November] 1857 or 26 December [O.S. 14] 1857 (aged 67)|
|Place of birth||
Helmet Manor, Helmet, Kreis Fellin, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire|
(in present-day Helme, Valga County, Estonia)
|Place of death||St. Petersburg, Russian Empire|
|Buried at||Volkovo Lutheran Cemetery|
|Service/branch||Imperial Russian Army|
|Years of service||
1st Infantry Division|
19th Infantry Division
South Ossetian Expedition of 1830
Paul Andreas Edler von Rennenkampff[lower-alpha 1] (Russian: Па́вел Я́ковлевич Ренненка́мпф, tr. Pável Yákovlevich Rennenkámpf; 9 March [O.S. 26 February] 1790 – 8 December [O.S. 26 November] 1857 or 26 December [O.S. 14] 1857) was a Baltic German nobleman, military commander and Statesman in the service of the Imperial Russian Army. Rennenkampff was noted for his distinguished roles during the Suppression of the South Ossetians in 1830 and the Crimean War, especially during the Siege of Sevastopol.
Paul Andreas Edler von Rennenkampff was born on 9 March [O.S. 26 February] 1790 in the Helmet Manor (et) (German language: Schloss Helmet) at Helmet in the Governorate of Livonia (present-day Helme, Estonia), to Jakob Johann von Rennenkampff and Elizabeth Dorothea von Anrep. The Rennenkampffs was of Westphalian origin and was originated in Osnabrück. He was the great-uncle of the famed World War I general Paul von Rennenkampf.
As part of a wealthy noble family, Rennenkampff had a lot of siblings, including his older brothers Karl Jakob Alexander von Rennenkampff (1783-1854), a writer, captain and chamberlain in , and Gustav Reinhold Georg (1784-1869), an army officer in Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, politician and economist. In 1832, Rennenkampff married Anna Maria von Vegesack (de) (1808-1881), they had one child, Johann Paul Alexander von Rennenkampff (1836-1838). Although some sources claimed that Rennenkampff had another child named Nikolaus Jakob Otto von Rennenkampff, but that was never confirmed. But either way, even if both children existed, neither of them survived through childhood.
Honours and awards
- Order of St. Anna, 4th class (1813)
- Golden sword with the inscription "For Bravery"
- Order of St. Anna, 1st class with imperial crown (1.1.1831, imperial crown on (14.10.1831)
- Order of St. George, 4th class "For 25 years of service" (1831)
- Order of St. Vladimir, 2nd class (14.3.1842)
- Order of the White Eagle with swords (1855)
- Kingdom of Prussia:
- French Third Republic:
- Legion of Honour, The Knight class (1814)
- Qajar dynasty:
- Order of the Lion and the Sun, 1st class (1828)
- Austrian Empire:
- Order of the Iron Crown, 1st class (1835)
- Kingdom of Denmark:
- Order of Dannebrog, The Grand Commander class (1836)
- The spelling of his last name varies in different works between Rennenkampff, Rennenkampf, Remenkampe and Remmenkamp.
- RBS/BT/Rennenkampf, Pavel Yakovlevich
- Klingspor 1882, pp. 90.
- Regarding personal names: Edler is a rank of nobility, not a first or middle name. The female form is Edle.
- Transehe-Roseneck 1930, p. 776-779.
- Stackelberg 1930, pp. 205.
- Trasehe-Roseneck 1929, p. 782.
-  List of senior generals. Corrected on January 7, 1856. - SPb .: Military Printing House, 1856. pp. 275-276
- Rennenkampf, Pavel Yakovlevich (Paul Andreas Edler von Rennenkampff) (1790-1857)
- Transehe Roseneck, Astaf v. Genealogical Handbook of the Baltic Knighthoods Part 1, 2: Livonia, Lfg. 9-15. Görlitz (1929)
- Klingspor, Carl Arvid. Baltic heraldic coat of arms all, belonging to the knighthoods of Livonia, Estonia, Courland and Oesel noble families. Stockholm (1882)
- Welding, Olaf. Baltic German Biographical Dictionary 1710-1960. (1970), from the Baltic Biographical Dictionary Digital 
- List of senior generals. Corrected on January 7, 1856. - SPb .: Military Printing House, 1856.
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