Military Wiki
Panha 2091
Role Attack helicopter
Manufacturer Bell Helicopter Textron
Introduction 1998 [1]
Status Active service
Primary user Islamic Republic of Iran Army
Developed from AH-1J Cobra

The Panha 2091 "Toufan" is an Iranian overhaul and upgrade of the Bell AH-1J Sea Cobra light-attack helicopters purchased before the 1979 Islamic Revolution.[2][3] The overhaul and upgrade program is known as project number 2091 of the Iranian Helicopter Support and Renewal Company (Panha).


Reported upgrades include:[2]

  • new cockpit armored panels
  • new, Iranian-designed canopy
  • New avionics
  • nose-mounted camera
  • new cockpit design

The upgraded attack helicopter has a narrower airframe for greater flexibility and is armed with M197 3-barreled 20-mm "Gatling-type" cannon in the A/A49E turret. Its wing-stub stations carry a pair of 19-tube 70-mm rocket launchers. The rear section has a Vulcan-type 20-mm automatic cannon, and two clusters of 38 anti-tank 70-mm missiles.

Bullet-proof glass protects the pilot's cockpit and weapons officer station, internal avionics have been revamped with the addition of a GPS and receiver in the nose, and a warning radar attached to the rear, with four antennae providing 360 degrees coverage and all electronics systems integrated.


Data from Military and Missile[4]

General characteristics

  • Length: 16 m (52.5 ft)
  • Rotor diameter: 13 m (42.6 ft)
  • Height: 4 m (13.1 ft)
  • Empty weight: 2,802 kg (6.177 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 4,530 kg (9,987 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × turboshaft, 1,530 shp (1,125 kw) each
  • Rotor systems: 2 blades on main rotor, 2 blades on tail rotor


  • Maximum speed: 236 km/h (147 mph)
  • Range: 600 km (373 mi)


  • M197 3-barreled 20 mm "Gatling-style" cannon in the M97 turret (750 rounds ammo capacity)
  • 2.75 in (70 mm) Mk 40 or Hydra 70 rockets - 14 rockets mounted in a variety of launchers
  • 5 in (127 mm) Zuni rockets - 8 rockets in two 4-round LAU-10D/A launchers
  • AIM-9 Sidewinder / Misagh-2 Anti-Aircraft Missiles - 1 mounted on each hardpoint
  • See also


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    External links

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