Palmiry ([palˈmirɨ] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Czosnów, within Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It is located at the edge of the Kampinos Forest, approximately 4 kilometres (2 mi) south-east of Czosnów, 11 km (7 mi) south-east of Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki, and 23 km (14 mi) north-west of Warsaw. In 2000 the village had an approximate population of 220.
Mass executions during German occupation of Poland
During World War II, between 1939 and 1943, the village and the surrounding forest were one of the sites of the Nazi German mass executions of Jews, Polish intelligentsia, politicians and athletes, killed during the German AB-Aktion in Poland. Most of the victims were first arrested and tortured in the Pawiak prison in Warsaw, then transferred to the execution site. In total, about 2,000 Poles were murdered there in secret executions between December 7, 1939 and July 17, 1941. but the random killings went on beyond that date. After the war, the bodies of at least 2,115 men and women were exhumed on site. It is most likely, that not all remains scattered over a broad area were found. Listed among the known victims are:
- Juliusz Dąbrowski, journalist and one of the leaders of Polish Scouting
- Agnieszka Dowbor-Muśnicki, resistance member and daughter of Józef Dowbor-Muśnicki
- Ludwik Dyzenhaus, lawyer
- Witold Hulewicz, poet and radio journalist
- Stefan Kopeć, biologist and physiologist, professor of the University of Warsaw
- Janusz Kusociński, athlete, winner of 10 000 m at the 1932 Summer Olympics.
- Mieczysław Niedziałkowski, politician of the Polish Socialist Party
- Stanisław Piasecki, journalist, politician and art critic
- Jan Pohoski, politician, former deputy president of Warsaw
- Dawid Przepiórka, chess master
- Maciej Rataj, politician, Marshal of the Sejm
- Franz Sturm, dental surgeon
- Pinkus Topaz, photographer
- Kazimierz Zakrzewski, scientist, professor of the University of Warsaw
In 1946, the bodies were exhumed and reburied in a new cemetery, situated approximately 5 kilometres from the village itself. The reburial site has been a Polish national mausoleum since 1948.
- Jewish Community in Palmiry on Virtual Shtetl
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- "Central Statistical Office (GUS) – TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01. http://www.stat.gov.pl/broker/access/prefile/listPreFiles.jspa.
- Gilbert, Martin (1987). The Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe During the Second World War. Macmillan Publishers. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-8050-0348-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=Wb1mg5QWSLEC&pg=PA112&dq=%22Palmiry%22+holocaust&hl=en&ei=LQYhTenAFMKB8gbAqpmHDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CDkQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- General information (2013). "Museum of Struggle and Martyrdom and the Cemetery in Palmiry". About Poland. http://www.poland.travel/en-us/museums/museum-of-struggle-and-martyrdom-and-the-cemetery-in-palmiry. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
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