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M1910 7.62 Maxim heavy machine gun
Maxim Maschinengewehr 1910
Type Heavy machine gun
Place of origin Flag of Russia Russian Empire
Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1910–1960s
Used by See users
Wars World War I, Russian Revolution, Russian Civil War, Polish–Soviet War, Finnish Civil War, Spanish Civil War, Winter War, Chinese Civil War, World War II, Second Sino-Japanese War, Korean War, Vietnam War
Production history
Designed 1910
Produced 1910 to 1939
1941 to 1945
Variants M1910/30, Finnish M/09-21
Mass 64.3 kg (139.6 lbs)
Length 1,067 mm (42 in)
Barrel length 721 mm (28.4 in)

Cartridge 7.62×54mmR
Action Short recoil, toggle locked
Rate of fire 600 round/min
Muzzle velocity 740 m/s (2,427 ft/s)
Feed system 250 round belt

The PM M1910 (Russian: Пулемёт Максима на станке Соколова, Pulemyot Maxima na stanke Sokolova or "Maxim's machine gun model 1910 on Sokolov's mount") was a heavy machine gun used by the Imperial Russian Army during World War I and the Red Army during World War II. It was adopted in 1910 and was derived from Hiram Maxim's Maxim gun, chambered for the standard Russian 7.62×54mmR rifle cartridge. The M1910 was mounted on a wheeled mount with a gun shield and was replaced in Soviet service by the SG-43 Goryunov which retained the wheeled and shielded carriage, starting in 1943. In addition to the main infantry version, there were aircraft mounted (PV-1) and naval variants.

Kursk Soviet machineguns

Soviet Red Army machinegunners with a M1910 in the Battle of Kursk.


Tachanka in Huliaipole Museum

A Bolshevik tachanka on display. Notice that it is mounted with a PM M1910.

Bundesarchiv Bild 121-1204, Russland, Vierlings-MG auf LKW

Quad mounted Maxim guns—the first ZPU

  • Flag of Austria-Hungary 1869-1918 Austria-Hungary[1]
  • Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria
  • Flag of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
  • Flag of Estonia Estonia
  • Flag of Finland Finland
  • Hungary Hungary[1]
  • Iran Iran
  • Flag of North Korea North Korea
  • Mongolia Mongolia
  • Poland Second Polish Republic
  • Flag of South Korea Republic of Korea
  • Flag of Russia Russian Empire / White movement
  • Flag RSFSR 1918 Russian SFSR
  • Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union
  • Flag of Turkey Turkey 1910–1934
  • Flag of North Vietnam North Vietnam

See also[]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Lugosi, József (2008). "Gyalogsági fegyverek 1868–2008". In Lugosi, József; Markó, György. Hazánk dicsőségére: 160 éves a Magyar Honvédség. Budapest: Zrínyi Kiadó. p. 382-383. ISBN 978-963-327-461-3.

External links[]

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