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PLZ-05 Self-Propelled Howitzer
PLZ 05 self propelled gun.jpg
The PLZ-05 on display for the first time in 2007 at an exhibition at the Military Museum of the Chinese People's Revolution.
Type Self-propelled artillery
Place of origin  People's Republic of China
Specifications
Weight 35 tonnes [1]
Length 11 m
Width 3.3 m
Crew 4

Caliber 155 mm
Barrels 52 caliber (PLZ05 & PLZ-52) / 54 caliber (PLZ04)
Traverse 360°
Rate of fire 10 rounds/min [2]
Maximum range >50 km. Varies by munition. Laser-homing 20km, ERFB-BB 39km,[2] WS-35 100km [3]

Primary
armament
155 mm howitzer
Secondary
armament
12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun/ 2 sets of 4-barrel grenade launchers
Engine 8V150-cooled turbocharged diesel
800 hp [4]
Suspension torsion bar
Operational
range
550 km
Speed 56 km/h

The PLZ-05 or the Type 05 is a 155 mm self-propelled howitzer developed by the People's Liberation Army of China to replace the Type 59-1 130mm. The PLZ-05 was officially unveiled at the Military Museum of the Chinese People's Revolution to mark the 80th anniversary of the PLA in July 2007, and first entered service with the PLA in 2008.

Variants

PLZ-05 / Type 05

Self-propelled howitzer with a 52 caliber barrel, 800 hp diesel engine & gross weight of 35 tonnes.[4] It is deployed only with the People's Liberation Army.[1]

PLZ-52

The PLZ-52 is a 155mm / 52 caliber tracked self-propelled howitzer similar in appearance to the PLZ-45, but based on a slightly different hull. Having a gross vehicle weight of 43 tonnes , the PLZ-52 features a new powerpack, which consists of a diesel engine developing 1,000 hp at 2,300 rpm coupled to a fully automatic transmission. This gives a maximum road speed of up to 65 km/h and an operational range up to 450 km.[5] The PLZ-52 howitzer has a maximum firing range of 53 km (with ERFB-BB-RA projectiles), maximum firing rate of eight rounds per minute, a burst firing rate of three rounds per fifteen seconds, and a multiple-round simultaneous impact capability of four rounds.[6]

The driver and powerpack are at the front of the hull with a fully enclosed turret at the rear. It has torsion bar suspension with six dual rubber tyred road wheels, a drive sprocket at the front, idler at the rear and track return rollers. The PLZ-52 is offered for export.[5]

PLZ-04

Self-propelled howitzer with a 54 caliber barrel and apparently offered for export.[1]

Operators

 People's Republic of China
  • People's Liberation Army: As of 2012, at least 240 units are in service with the People's Liberation Army (PLA), and a breakdown by units are summarized as follows:

1. Shenyang Military Region, a Total of 60.

  • 39th Group Army, 7th Artillery Brigade, 1st and 2nd Battalions, a total of 36.
  • 39th Group Army, 116th Mechanized Infantry Division, Artillery Regiment, 1st Battalion, a total of 24.

2. Beijing Military Region, a Total of 72.

  • 38th Group Army, 6th Artillery Brigade, 3rd and 4th Battalions, a total of 36.
  • 38th Group Army, 112th Mechanized Infantry Division, Artillery Regiment, 1st and 2nd Battalions, a total of 36.

3. Nanjing Military Region, a Total of 36.

  • 1st Group Army, 1st Amphibious Mechanized Infantry Division, Artillery Regiment, 1st and 2nd Battalions, a total of 36.

4. Guangzhou Military Region, a Total of 72.

  • 41st Group Army, 123rd Mechanized Infantry Division, Artillery Regiment, 2nd and 5th Battalions, a total of 36.
  • 42nd Group Army, 124th Amphibious Mechanized Infantry Division, Artillery Regiment, 1st and 2nd Battalions, a total of 36.

See also

References

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