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Otto Lybeck
Birth name Otto Emil Lybeck
Born (1871-02-19)19 February 1871
Died 21 April 1947(1947-04-21) (aged 76)
Place of birth Stockholm, Sweden
Place of death Stockholm, Sweden
Buried at Norra begravningsplatsen
Allegiance Sweden
Service/branch Swedish Navy
Years of service 1892–1936
Rank Admiral
Commands held Military Office, Ministry for Naval Affairs
4th Coastal Defence Ship Division
Coastal Fleet
Naval Staff
Other work Minister of Defence (1921)

Otto Emil Lybeck (19 February 1871 – 21 April 1947) was a Swedish Navy admiral. Lybeck's senior commands include Minister of Defence, chief of the Coastal Fleet and chief of the Naval Staff.

Career[]

Lybeck was born in Stockholm, Sweden, the son of Johan August Lybeck, a bank accountant, and his wife Emelie Carolina Sofia Klynder.[1] Lybeck was a cadet at the Royal Swedish Naval Academy from 1886 and was commissioned as an officer in the Swedish Navy with the rank of underlöjtnant in 1892. He was promoted to sub-lieutenant in 1895, and undertook language studies in Russia from 1895 to 1897, after which he served as Russian language teacher in the Naval Staff[2] before attending the Royal Swedish Army Staff College from 1898 to 1900. He then served in the Fleet Staff (Flottans stab) for four years, and advancing to the rank of lieutenant in 1901.[3] In 1904, he was sent to East Asia to observe the Russo-Japanese War.[2]

He served as adjutant to the Inspector of the Navy's Exercises at Sea, captain Wilhelm Dyrssen from 1904 to 1907, and as teacher of naval organizational learning at the Royal Swedish Naval Staff College from 1905 to 1909 and of strategy from 1910 to 1918.[3] Lybeck was naval attaché in Saint Petersburg from 1906 to 1911 and teacher of naval sciences at the Royal Swedish Army Staff College in 1908. Lybeck then served in the Naval Staff from 1909 to 1915.[3] Several times nominated as councilor of the Naval Pension Fund (Flottans pensionskassa), Lybeck was, due to his outstanding ability and great work ability, engaged for a variety of special assignments, such as assisting the 2nd Defense Preparation in 1914, secretary of the Defense Committee that same year, expert for special assignment within the Ministry of Civil Affairs in 1915, expert in the Ministry for Naval Affairs for an inquiry into wage regulation for the navy's personnel and for investigation concerning certain naval defense needs (1915–16), member of the international commission in The Hague in 1917, chief arbitrator in the international commission in Berlin concerning the treatment of raised ships in 1917, expert in arbitration in Copenhagen concerning international law cases between Germany and Denmark in 1918 and more.[2][3]

Lybeck was appointed head of the Military Office of the Ministry for Naval Affairs (Sjöförsvarsdepartementets kommandoexpedition) in 1918 and from 6 June to 13 October 1921, he served as Minister of Defence and head of the Ministry of Defence.[4] During this time, Lybeck was also a member of the Military Pay Experts (Militära avlöningssakkunniga) from 1919 to 1922 and a member of the Defense Audit (Försvarsrevisionen) from 1922 to 1923. He then served as commanding officer of the 4th Coastal Defence Ship Division (Fjärde pansarbåtsdivisionen) from 1922 to 1923 and as Inspector of the Submarine Force (Inspektör för ubåtsvapnet) in 1924.[3] Lybeck was promoted to rear admiral in 1925 and in 1926 he was appointed Highest Commander of the Coastal Fleet. In 1927, he was appointed chief of the Naval Staff, a position Lybeck had for the next nine years.[1] He was chairman of the Naval Teaching Commission (marinundervisningskommissionen) in 1928, and of the board of the Nautical Chart Department from 1929 to 1936. Lybeck was also chairman of the board of the Royal Swedish Yacht Club (KSSS) from 1936 to 1946 and of the Swedish Sailing Federation (Svenska seglarförbundet) from 1937. He served as a member of the Committee on Stockholm's Naval Station from 1929 to 1930.[1]

Personal life[]

In 1902, he married Ingeborg Boström (born 1878), the daughter of the Prime Minister of Sweden, Erik Gustaf Boström, and Karolina (Lina) Almqvist.[4] They had three children; Göran (born 1903), Brita (born 1905), and Märta (born 1908).[1]

Lybeck died on 21 April 1947 and was buried at Norra begravningsplatsen in Stockholm.[5]

Dates of rank[]

  • 1892 – Underlöjtnant
  • 1895 – Sub-Lieutenant (Löjtnant)
  • 1901 – Lieutenant (Kapten)
  • 1914 – Commander of the 2nd rank (Kommendörkapten 2:a graden)
  • 1917 – Commander of the 1st rank (Kommendörkapten 1:a graden)
  • 1921 – Captain (Kommendör)
  • 1925 – Rear admiral
  • 1932 – Vice admiral
  • 1936 – Admiral

Awards and decorations[]

Swedish[]

Foreign[]

Honours[]

Selected bibliography[]

  • Lindberg, H.; Lybeck, Otto (1908) (in Swedish). Tre sjöslag under rysk-japanska kriget 1904-1905. Marinlitteraturföreningen, 0348-2405 ; 8. Stockholm: Marinlitteraturföreningens förl.. 1615822. 
  • Lybeck, Otto (1909) (in Swedish). Svenska sjöslag: sammanställning. Stockholm: Fritze. 1615652. 
  • Lybeck, Otto (1913) (in Swedish). Balkankriget 1912-1913 ur sjömilitär synpunkt: 1 karta och 32 bilder i texten. Marinlitteraturföreningen, 0348-2405 ; 14. Stockholm: Marinlitteraturför.. 1636889. 
  • Lybeck, Otto (1919-1932) (in Swedish). Allmän sjökrigshistoria omfattande tiden från ångans allmänna införande ombord å krigsfartyg omkring år 1850. Stockholm. 2056764. 
  • Lybeck, Otto (1943) (in Swedish). Öresund i Nordens historia: en marinpolitisk studie / av Otto Lybeck. Malmö: Allhem. 1402411. 

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 Harnesk, Paul, ed (1945) (in Swedish). Vem är vem?. D. 1, Stockholmsdelen. Stockholm: Vem är vem bokförlag. p. 527. 8198269. http://runeberg.org/vemarvem/sthlm45/0543.html. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 (in Swedish) Nordisk familjebok: konversationslexikon och realencyklopedi. 37 (Ny, rev. och rikt ill. uppl. ed.). Stockholm: Nordisk familjeboks förl.. 1925. p. 343. 8072220. http://runeberg.org/nfcq/0202.html. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Åberg, Alf (1982-1984). "Otto E Lybeck" (in Swedish). Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. 24. National Archives of Sweden. p. 424. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/Sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=9943. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 (in Swedish) Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1945. Stockholm: Norstedt. 1945. p. 714. 8261511. http://runeberg.org/vemardet/1945/0714.html. 
  5. "Lybeck, OTTO EMIL" (in Swedish). Svenskagravar.se. https://svenskagravar.se/gravsatt/45606310. 
  6. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1945. Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1945. p. 9. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1945bih/0009.html. 
  7. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1945. Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1945. p. 118. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1945bih/0118.html. 
  8. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1945. Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1945. p. 86. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1945bih/0086.html. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1945. Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1945. p. 395. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1945/0395.html. 

External links[]

  • Article at Svenskt biografiskt lexikon
Government offices
Preceded by
Carl Gustaf Hammarskjöld
Minister of Defence
6 June 1921–13 October 1921
Succeeded by
Per Albin Hansson
Military offices
Preceded by
Gustaf af Klint
Military Office of the Ministry for Naval Affairs
1 May 1918–1921
Succeeded by
None
Preceded by
Fredrik Riben
Coastal Fleet
1 January 1926–March 1927
Succeeded by
Harald Åkermark
Preceded by
Henning von Krusenstierna
Chief of the Naval Staff
1 April 1927–1936
Succeeded by
Claës Lindsström

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