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Oskar von Hardegg
Hardegg in 1866
Born (1815-10-19)October 19, 1815
Died September 25, 1877(1877-09-25) (aged 61)
Place of birth Ludwigsburg, Ludwigsburg, Württemberg
Place of death Stuttgart, Württemberg, Germany
Allegiance  Württemberg
Service/branch  Württemberg Army
Years of service 1831 – 1867
Rank Officer
Battles/wars

Austro-Prussian War

Oskar von Hardegg was a Württemberger officer who was notable for being the commanding Württemberger figure at the Battle of Werbach during the Austro-Prussian War.

Biography

Hardegg was the fifth son of the chief medical officer and personal physician Johann Georg von Hardegg in Ludwigsburg. His brother was the military writer Template:Interlanguage link.

He grew up in his home town, attended the Lyceum there and, from March 1831, the Template:Interlanguage link. In April 1834 he left the educational institution as a lieutenant and joined the 7th Infantry Regiment of the Württemberg Army in Stuttgart. After some time he was transferred to the Pioneer Corps, in which he was promoted to Oberleutnant in 1842. He then joined the General Staff and in 1847 advanced to the rank of captain . When Generalleutnant Template:Interlanguage link took over the War Office on July 2, 1850, he made Hardegg his adjutant. In the course of his work in the Ministry of War, Hardegg was promoted to Major in 1850 and Major in 1852, Lieutenant colonel and promoted to colonel in 1856. In order to be able to gain practical experience again, Hardegg now asked to be transferred to a line infantry regiment and was appointed commander of the 4th Infantry Regiment. He served the regiment from September 22, 1856, to April 27, 1857. He was then promoted to major general, Hardegg became brigade commander and lieutenant governor of Ulm.[1] In 1865 he was promoted to lieutenant general, division commander and governor of Stuttgart. After the resignation of Minister of War Template:Interlanguage link on May 5, 1866, he took over the management of the Ministry of War.[2]

Oskar von Hardegg on the right in the background with the staff of the Royal Württemberg field division in Battle of Tauberbischofsheim

At the outbreak of the Austro-Prussian War in 1866, as commander of the field division, he led the troops into the Battle of Tauberbischofsheim. During the war, he had a dispute with his Bavarian counterpart, Siegmund von Pranckh over whether to use the new Prussian system or the Swiss Guard System.[3] Knowing the danger the lack of centralization the Southern German States, in October 1866, Hardegg sent a memorandum to Baden, Württemberg, Hesse-Darmstadt, and Bavaria to work on standardizing the equipment, organization, and training of their armies.[4] After the end of the war, he returned to the War Ministry in Stuttgart and retired in April 1867 when the Luxembourg question occred, he retired.

In addition to his professional and specialist knowledge, Hardegg cultivated music with a special passion, both as a pianist and as a composer. One of his most popular compositions was the song Schwarzes Band.

Family

Oskar von Hardegg married Ottilie Kausler, the daughter of Colonel von Kausler. The marriage produced two children. The daughter married the Bavarian Colonel Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg in Dillingen, Hardegg's son became a captain and commander of the 8th Württemberg Infantry Regiment No. 126.

Awards

References

  1. Emil von Loeffler (1883) (in de). Geschichte der Festung Ulm. Wagner. pp. 565. https://books.google.com/books?id=0TF10jAynX4C&pg=PA565&lpg=PA565&dq=%22Oskar+von+Hardegg%22+-wikipedia&source=bl&ots=9GdCEl61-o&sig=ACfU3U0Tk1WHhnjAqu5AMrYlVTqwTvsLyQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiTxqmqo4_2AhVPk4kEHdQJAmYQ6AF6BAgSEAM#v=onepage&q=%22Oskar%20von%20Hardegg%22%20-wikipedia&f=false. 
  2. Bodie A. Ashton (Jan 12, 2017). The Kingdom of Württemberg and the Making of Germany, 1815-1871. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 131. ISBN 1350000094. https://books.google.com/books?id=XG7BDQAAQBAJ&pg=PA131&lpg=PA131&dq=%22Oskar+von+Hardegg%22+-wikipedia&source=bl&ots=WiDE0XRlIH&sig=ACfU3U1zRZHcIIP1RBpz249bML9eE817_Q&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiTxqmqo4_2AhVPk4kEHdQJAmYQ6AF6BAgREAM#v=onepage&q=%22Oskar%20von%20Hardegg%22%20-wikipedia&f=false. Retrieved February 20, 2022. 
  3. Otto Pflanze (Nov 10, 2020). Bismarck and the Development of Germany: The Period of Unification, 1815-1871. Princeton University Press. pp. 404. ISBN 069122157X. https://books.google.com/books?id=EET_DwAAQBAJ&pg=PA407&lpg=PA407&dq=%22Oskar+von+Hardegg%22+-wikipedia&source=bl&ots=NvzRWPSmGt&sig=ACfU3U30oOIVH-9-ysbi38Cz25XGWknT3Q&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiTxqmqo4_2AhVPk4kEHdQJAmYQ6AF6BAgTEAM#v=onepage&q=%22Oskar%20von%20Hardegg%22%20-wikipedia&f=false. Retrieved February 20, 2022. 
  4. Gavin Wiens (2019). State Sovereignty, Nation-Building, and the German Army, 1866-1918. University of Toronto. pp. 56. https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/bitstream/1807/95969/1/Wiens_Gavin_J_201906_PhD_thesis.pdf. Retrieved February 20, 2022. 
  5. Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Königreichs Württemberg 1866. S. 58.

Bibliography

  • Hermann Niethammer: Das Offizierskorps des Infanterie-Regiments „Kaiser Friedrich, König von Preußen“ (7. Württ.) Vol. 125. 1809–1909. Stuttgart 1909. p. 119.
  • Staatsanzeiger für Württemberg. N. 208 Vol. 8. September 1877. p. 1425.
  • Schwäbische Chronik. N. 203 Vol. 23, August 1877. p. 1813.

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