|Oregon City-class cruiser|
USS Oregon City (CA-122)
|Name:||Oregon City class cruiser|
|Operators:||United States Navy|
|Preceded by:||Baltimore-class cruiser|
|Succeeded by:||Des Moines-class cruiser|
|In commission:||1946–1970[note 1]|
|Completed:||4 (1 completed as a command ship USS Northampton (CLC-1)|
|Displacement:||17,000 tons Full Load|
|Length:||673 ft 5 in (205.26 m)|
|Beam:||70 ft 10 in (21.59 m)|
|Draft:||26 ft 4 in (8.03 m)|
|Propulsion:||General Electric turbines turning 120,000 hp (89,000 kW)|
|Speed:||32.4 knots (60.0 km/h; 37.3 mph)|
|Complement:||1,142 officers and enlisted|
|Aircraft carried:||Four amphibious scout planes|
The Oregon City class were a class of heavy cruisers of the United States Navy. Although it was intended to build ten, only four were completed – one of those as a command ship. The three cruisers were in commission from 1946 to 1970.
Design and development
The Oregon City-class cruisers were a modified version of the previous Baltimore-class design; the main difference was a more compact pyramidal superstructure with single trunked funnel, intended to improve the arcs of fire of the anti-aircraft (AA) guns. The same type of modification also differentiated the Cleveland and Fargo classes of light cruisers.
Ten ships were authorized for the class with three being completed and the fourth suspended during construction. The final six ships were cancelled. Construction on the incomplete fourth ship was resumed in 1948 and the ship served as a command ship Northampton (CLC-1). All three completed ships were commissioned in 1946. Oregon City was decommissioned after only 18 months of service, probably the shortest active life of any WWII-era cruiser. Albany was later converted into a guided missile ship, becoming the lead ship of the Albany class and served until 1980. A similar conversion was planned for Rochester but was cancelled.
Ships in class
Data from 
|Hull Number||Name||Builder||Laid down||Launched||Completed||Fate|
|CA 122||USS Oregon City||Bethlehem Steel||8 April 1944||9 June 1945||16 February 1946||Stricken 1 Nov 1970|
|CA 123||USS Albany||Bethlehem Steel||6 Mar 1944||30 Jun 1945||11 Jun 1946||Converted to Guided Missile Cruiser – Stricken 30 June 1985|
|CA-124||USS Rochester||Bethlehem Steel||29 May 1944||28 August 1945||20 December 1946||Stricken 1 October 1973|
|CA-125||USS Northampton||Bethlehem Steel||31 August 1944||27 January 1951||7 March 1953||Converted to command ship during construction – Stricken 31 Dec 1977|
|CA-126||USS Cambridge||Bethlehem Steel||16 December 1944||N/A||N/A||Cancelled 12 August 1945|
|CA-127||USS Bridgeport||Bethlehem Steel||13 January 1945||N/A||N/A||Cancelled 12 August 1945|
|CA-128||USS Kansas City||Bethlehem Steel||N/A||N/A||N/A||Cancelled 12 August 1945|
|CA-129||USS Tulsa||Bethlehem Steel||N/A||N/A||N/A||Cancelled 12 August 1945|
|CA-137||USS Norfolk||Philadelphia Naval Shipyard||N/A||N/A||N/A||Cancelled 12 August 1945|
|CA-138||USS Scranton||Philadelphia Naval Shipyard||N/A||N/A||N/A||Cancelled 12 August 1945|
- Albany was converted to a guided missile cruiser and as such was in commission from 1962–1980, but this was a totally different class of ship to a heavy cruiser. Northampton was decommissioned in 1970 as the last of the Oregon City class "gun cruisers".
- Norman Friedman, U.S. Cruisers, An Illustrated Design History 1984 ISBN 978-0-87021-718-0[page needed]
- Whitley 1999, p. 269.
- Gardiner and Chumbley 1995, p. 578.
- Gardiner, Robert and Stephen Chumbley (editors). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, Maryland USA: Naval Institute Press, 1995. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.
- Whitley, M.J. Cruisers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. London: Brockhampton Press, 1999. ISBN 1-86019-874-0,
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