|Order of the Rising Sun|
|1st Class Grand Cordon Order of the Rising Sun|
|Awarded by the Emperor of Japan|
|Awarded for||long and/or especially meritorious civil or military service|
|Sovereign||His Imperial Majesty The Emperor|
|Grades (w/ post-nominals)||1st through 8th Class|
|Established||10 April 1875|
|Next (higher)||Order of the Paulownia Flowers|
|Next (lower)||Order of the Sacred Treasure|
The Order of the Rising Sun (旭日章 Kyokujitsu-shō ) is a Japanese order, established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji of Japan. The Order was the first national decoration awarded by the Japanese Government, created on 10 April 1875 by decree of the Council of State. The badge features rays of sunlight from the rising sun. The design of the Rising Sun symbolizes energy as powerful as the rising sun in parallel with the "rising sun" concept of Japan ("Land of the Rising Sun").
The order is awarded to those who have made distinguished achievements in the following fields; international relations, promotion of Japanese culture, advancements in their field, development in welfare or preservation of the environment. Beginning in 2003 the highest ranking medal for the Order of the Rising Sun became a separate order known as Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers.
It is the third highest order bestowed by the Japanese government, however it is generally the highest ordinarily conferred order. The highest Japanese order, the Order of the Chrysanthemum, is reserved for heads of state or royalty, while the second highest order, Order of the Paulownia Flowers is mostly reserved for politicians.
The modern version of this honor has been conferred on non-Japanese recipients beginning in 1981 (although several foreigners were given the honor before World War II); and women were awarded the Order starting in 2003 (previously, women were awarded the Order of the Precious Crown). The awarding of the Order is administered by the Decoration Bureau of Office of the Prime Minister. It is awarded in the name of the Emperor and can be awarded posthumously.
It can be awarded to Japanese as well as non-Japanese nationals.
- 1 Classes
- 2 Insignia
- 3 Selected recipients
- 3.1 1st Class, Grand Cordon
- 3.2 2nd Class, Gold and Silver Star
- 3.3 3rd Class, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon
- 3.4 4th Class, Gold Rays with Rosette
- 3.5 5th Class, Gold and Silver Rays
- 3.6 6th Class, Silver Rays
- 3.7 7th Class, Green Paulownia Leaves Medal
- 3.8 8th Class, White Paulownia Leaves Medal
- 3.9 Class unknown
- 4 Notes
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The Order was awarded in nine classes until 2003, when the Grand Cordon with Paulownia Flowers was made a separate order, and the lowest two classes were abolished. Since then, it has been awarded in six classes. Conventionally, a diploma is prepared to accompany the insignia of the order, and in some rare instances, the personal signature of the emperor will have been added. As an illustration of the wording of the text, a translation of a representative 1929 diploma says:
By the grace of Heaven, Emperor of Japan, seated on the throne occupied by the same dynasty from time immemorial,
We confer the Second Class of the Imperial Order of Meiji upon Henry Waters Taft, a citizen of the United States of America and a director of the Japan Society of New York, and invest him with the insignia of the same class of the Order of the Double Rays of the Rising Sun, in expression of the good will which we entertain towards him.
In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hand and caused the Grand Seal of the Empire to be affixed at the Imperial Palace, Tokio, this thirteenth day of the fifth month of the fourth year of Shōwa, corresponding to the 2,589th year from the accession to the throne of Emperor Jimmu."
The star for the Grand Cordon and Second Class is an eight-pointed silver badge, bearing a central emblem identical to the 4th Class badge without the paulownia leaves suspension. It is worn on the left chest for the Grand Cordon, on the right chest for the 2nd Class.
The badge for the Grand Cordon to Sixth Classes is an eight-pointed badge, in gilt (1st-4th Classes), gilt and silver (5th Class), or silver (6th Class), with white enamelled rays, bearing a central red enamelled sun disc. It is suspended from three enamelled paulownia leaves (not chrysanthemum as the Decoration Bureau page claims) on a ribbon in white with red border stripes, worn as a sash on the right shoulder for the 1st Class, as a necklet for the 2nd and 3rd Classes, on the left chest for the 4th to 6th Classes (with a rosette for the 4th Class).
The badge for the Seventh and Eighth Classes consisted of a silver medal in the shape of three paulownia leaves, enamelled for the 7th Class and plain for the 8th Class. Both were suspended on a ribbon, again in white with red border stripes, and worn on the left chest. Both classes were abolished in 2003.
- John O'Conor, 2011
In 2003, this grade of the Order was abolished.
- Tetsuzō Iwamoto (August 1942)
In 2003, this grade of the Order was abolished.
- Template:Interlanguage link (1822—1902), Honor awarded 1881
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- Japan embassy Algeria
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- Mauritius Consulate, Malta: Anerood Jugnauth
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- "Kubo, former vice premier, dies at 74". Kyodo News. Tokyo. 26 June 2003. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/2ND+LD%3A+Kubo,+former+vice+premier,+dies+at+74.-a0104568556. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
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- Embassy of the Republic of Kenya in Japan: Wangari Maathai, 2009.
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- Honor awarded 1973 -- National Archives of Australia
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- Lista wszystkich odznaczeń Józefa Piłsudskiego
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- Edward Rydz-śmigły (1886-1941)
- Kurita, Shunjiro. (1930). Who's Who in Japan, Vol. 13, p. 40; Cambridge University Alumni 1261-1900
- Honor awarded 1908 -- Ibaraki Prefecture e-newsletter
- S Ramesh. "Goh Chok Tong to receive award from Japanese emperor". Channelnews Asia. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
- MCADCafé: "Dr.Shoichiro Toyoda To Receive SAE Foundation's 2005 Manufacturing Leadership Award," PR Newswire. 15 March 2005.
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- Działalność: inne
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- Official US Army Register, published by US Army Adjutant General, 1962, page 53.
- "2,500 Bid Farewell to Booth", Pacific Stars and Stripes, 9 February 1961.
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- The Laurel Historical Society. "Horace Capron at 200: A Laurel Founder's Life". pp. 1279–1291. Archived from the original on 22 November 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20061112000116/http://www.laurelhistory.org/exhibits/capron/caproninto.htm. Retrieved 25 April 2007.
- "William Douglas Crowder". The US Navy. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/bios/navybio.asp?bioID=85. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
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- Honor awarded 1908 -- Crossroads: A Journal of Nagasaki History and Culture
- "Professor Donald Keene". The Donald Keene Center of Japanese Culture at Columbia University. Columbia University. http://www.keenecenter.org/content/view/13/30/. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- Order Wschodzącego Słońca, Złota i Srebrna Gwiazda dla Prof. Michała Kleibera, prezesa PAN
- "I-House Life". International House News and Information. University of Chicago. Archived from the original on 29 April 2012. http://web.archive.org/web/20120429134236/http://ihouse.uchicago.edu/alumni/pdf/2010%20Autumn%20I-House%20Life%20Newsletter.pdf. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- ""2009 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals," p. 2." (PDF). 4 November 2009. http://www.mofa.go.jp/ICSFiles/afieldfile/2009/11/04/2009_Autumn_Conferment_of_Decorations_on_Foreign_Nationals.pdf. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- "Business: Japanese Strip". Time. 8 May 1939. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,761252,00.html. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- "Tsung-Dao Lee's Home Page". Tdlee. http://tdlee.ccast.ac.cn/eindex.html. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- Honor awarded in July 1874 -- Charles LeGendre Reed University
- Honor awarded posthumously 1928 -- "Mikado Honors Dr. Noguchi, New York Times. 2 June 1928.
- "George R. Packard Faculty Page". http://www.columbia.edu/cu/weai/faculty/packard.html.
- Podsekretarz stanu ds. polityki pozaeuropejskiej i agendy demokratyzacyjnej - Jerzy Pomianowski
- Pinedo, Danielle. "Oer-Hollands; In Japan is Johannis de Rijke nog altijd een beroemdheid," NRC Handelsblad. 13 January 2000.
- "Russians Awarded Order of the Rising Sun in Japan". Russkiymir.ru. http://www.russkiymir.ru/russkiymir/en/news/common/news1525.html. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Honor awarded 1907 -- Adler, Cyrus (1921). p. 14; Sakamoto, Pamela Rotner. (1998). Japanese Diplomats and Jewish Refugees, p. 17.
- Day, Peter. "British aviation pioneer was a spy for Japan," Telegraph (London). 1 February 2002.
- Phillips, Pearson. The Highland peer who prepared Japan for war The Sunday Telegraph, 6 January 2002
- "Guide to the Wendell M. Stanley papers, 1926-1972". CDLib. http://content.cdlib.org/view?docId=tf3p3003vc&chunk.id=bioghist-1.3.4&brand=lo. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- Honor awarded 2003 -- Consulate-General of Japan in New York: "Government Of Japan To Honor Professor Michael Ira Sovern."
- "Patent of Decoration". August 2010. http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_08_2010/post-6750-128250808147.jpg. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- "Media Advisory: Government of Japan to Bestow Honour on Three Canadians". Japanese Embassy. 17 June 2011. http://www.ca.emb-japan.go.jp/canada_e/Japan/media_advisory_jun1711.html. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- Honor awarded 2007 -- Embassy of Japan in Singapore: "Conferment Ceremony for Mr. Philip Yeo, Chairman of SPRING Singapore."
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- Honor awarded 2011 -- Embassy of Japan in Finland
- "Taiwanese entrepreneurs to be decorated in Japan". The Central News Agency. April 29, 2012. http://focustaiwan.tw/ShowNews/WebNews_Detail.aspx?Type=aALL&ID=201204290016.
- 在インドネシア日本国大使館 Kedutaan Besar Jepang di Indonesia
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- "2011 Spring Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. http://www.mofa.go.jp/announce/announce/2011/6/PDF/110618_01_01.pdf. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- Harvard Gazette: Japanese government honors Professor Edwin A. Cranston. 14 May 2009.
- Peter Dysdale bio notes: 4th I-House Academy: "Japan and China: Toward Asia- Pacific Cooperation," International House of Japan. 22 May 2007.
- "Japan honors Clint Eastwood in spring decorations," Japan Today. 29 April 2008.
- Wybrane epizody w historii stosunków japońsko-polskich Polish Embassy
- "Recipients of Fall 2011 Decorations". Consulate-General of Japan in Los Angeles. http://www.la.us.emb-japan.go.jp/e_web/2011f_jokun.htm. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
- "California Ethnomusicologist Dr. Robert Garfias to Receive Japan’s Order of the Rising Sun Award," Alliance for California Traditional Arts (ACTA) Archives.
- Weatherhead East Asian Institute, The Reed; "Carol Gluck Receives Top Honors from the Japanese Government," Columbia News, 6 October 2006.
- Honor awarded in 1926 -- Adam Mathew web.
- "former Commissioner of the Netherlands Foreign Investment Agency and Advisor to the SieboldHuis". Embassy. http://www.nl.emb-japan.go.jp/e/relation/hanse.html. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- "Japanese Order for Missionary" (PDF). New York Times. 15 March 1905. p. 13. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9904E7DE173DE733A25756C1A9659C946497D6CF. Retrieved 25 July 2009.
- Program on Lord Sempill and Japanese espionage, BBC 24 may 2012
- Honor awarded 1906 -- Perry, Warren. (1983). "Hoad, Sir John Charles (1856 - 1911)" in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9.
- WHOI Scientist Honored by Japanese Government WHOI 1 May 2003
- UBC Reports UBC Professor Emeritus Awarded Order of the Rising Sun of Japan. 4 December 2003.
- Embassy of Japan in Poland: Odznaczenie rządu japońskiego dla dr. hab. Romualda Huszczy, prof. UW, prof. UJ
- NNDB: Order of the Rising Sun; Kosho Kempo, Kano Jigoro
- Perera, Suharshi. "Woman: An icon in the literary world," Daily News (Sri Lanka). 9 August 2007.
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- "American Honored by the Japanese," The New York Times. 22 October 1899.
- "Pax Britannica (3rd Class)", Time, 16 May 1932.
- "Norman Macrae". telegraph.co.uk. London: The Telegraph. 22 Junr 2010. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/culture-obituaries/books-obituaries/7847594/Norman-Macrae.html. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- Honor awarded 1998 -- "McClellan Named Sterling Professor of Japanese," Yale Office of Public Affairs. 3 February 1999.
- L.K. Herbert-Gustar and P.A. Nott published a biography of Milne John Milne, Father of Modern Seismology in 1980 pp 120 ISBN 0-904404-34-X
- Paul Kabrna "John Milne - the Man who Mapped the Shaking Earth" ISBN 978-0-9555289-0-3 Published by Craven & Pendle Geological Society in March 2007.pp68
- Quiñones, Eric. "Earl Miner, Specialist in English and Japanese Literature, dies at age 77" Princetonian Weekly Bulletin. 5 May 2004; Europa Publications. (2003). International Who's Who of Authors and Writers 2004, p. 388.
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- Kenrick, Vivienne. "Personality Profile: Ian Nish," Japan Times. 18 September 2004.
- "Dr Jerzy Nowacki uhonorowany japońskim orderem państwowym"
- Taiichi Ohno's Workplace Management, Jon Miller (trans.), Gemba Press 2007, p. xii
- Embassy of Japan in Italy
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<ref>tag; name "2008Autumn" defined multiple times with different content
- "The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon" to Professor Jacob Raz, Embassy of Japan in Israel website.
- Embassy of Japan in the U.K.: Japanese Government honors Lord David Sydney Rowe-Beddoe," December 18, 2008.
- "David Russell". June 2010. p. 6. http://content.yudu.com/Library/A1o3qk/STEPJournalJune2010V/resources/index.htm. Retrieved 1 April 2013. [better source needed]
- "Rustum Roy, vita for health groups". Rustum Roy. http://www.rustumroy.com/vita_for_health_groups%202006.htm. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- "University of Hawaiʻi Presents Honorary Degree to Edward George Seidensticker". http://www.uhm.hawaii.edu/news/. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. http://www.uhm.hawaii.edu/news/article.php?aId=176. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- Hermann, Evelyn (1996). Shinichi Suzuki: A Man and His Music. Alfred Music.
- "Consulate General of Japan, Los Angeles". Consul Generale. http://www.la.us.emb-japan.go.jp/e_web/e_news_14.htm. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs: "2008 Spring Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals," p. 4.
- Biography of T. Wayland Vaughan
- Andrzej Wajda kawalerem Orderu Wschodzącego Słońca
- Embassy of Japan in Belgium: Decoration Awarding Ceremony of Prof. Dr. W.F. Vande Walle
- Embassy of Ireland in Japan: Irish Pianist decorated by the Government of Japan
- "Toshiko Akiyoshi". Berkeley Agency. http://www.berkeleyagency.com/jazz/toshiko-akiyoshi.htm. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Библиотека изображений "РИА Новости" :: Галерея". Visualrian.com. http://visualrian.com/images/item/395646. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Martha Argerich - IMG Artists"
- Honor awarded 1909 -- "Receives Guests Attired in Kimono," The San Francisco Call. November 29, 1909. p. 22.
- "UMass Presidents William Penn Brooks". Massachusetts.edu. http://www.massachusetts.edu/presidents/brooks.html. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Odznaczenie rządu japońskiego dla pani Bogny Barbary Dziechciaruk-Maj, dyrektor Muzeum Sztuki i Techniki Japońskiej Manggha
- "Recent Awards," Florida International University, Asian Studies. April 29, 2007.
- Consulate General of Japan in New York, "Government of Japan to Honor Dr. Asao Hirano," 2001.
- "Alumni William (Miller Kisselman) Imbrie, D.D.". 1929. p. 572.
- "Consulate General of Japan in New York's Office". Ny.us.emb-japan.go.jp. http://www.ny.us.emb-japan.go.jp/en/c/2008/japaninfo0812.html#1. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Puppet animation producer dies". The Japan Times Online. The Japan Times. 28 August 2010. Archived from the original on 21 July 2012. https://archive.is/TE4P. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- Honor awarded 1984 -- Bergan, Ronald. "A satirical eye on Japan: Keisuke Kinoshita, film director; born December 5, 1912; died December 30, 1998," The Guardian (Manchester). January 5, 1999.
- "Włodzimierz Kwieciński odznaczony Orderem Wschodzącego Słońca, Złote Promienie z Rozetą"
- Lasorda honored by Japan, MLB.com, December 3, 2008
- Alfred F. MAJEWICZ, profesor tytularny zwyczajny, doktor habilitowany
- "Leiji Matsumoto, Shigeru Mizuki Earn Government Honors - News". Anime News Network. 2011-11-01. http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2010-11-06/leiji-matsumoto-shigeru-mizuki-earn-government-honors. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Mission Inn Hands on History, Frank A. Miller Order of the Rising Sun". http://www.missioninnmuseum.com/collect_culdiv/culd00002.htm.
- "Conferral of the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette upon Mr. Shiro Floyd Mori, National Executive Director Emeritus and former National President of the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)". Embassy of Japan to the United States. 6 November 2012. http://www.us.emb-japan.go.jp/english/html/pressreleases/index.htm. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- "Maestro Kent Nagano Awarded Order of the Rising Sun". Consulate-General of Japan in San Francisco. 2008-12-07. http://www.sf.us.emb-japan.go.jp/archives/PR_e/2008/pr_08_1207.htm.
- Honor awarded 1915 -- Kita, Atsushi. (2005). Dr. Noguchi's Journey: A Life of Medical Search and Discovery, p. 196.
- Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals
- Honor awarded 1999 -- Whiting, David. "Obituary: Tatsuzo Shimaoka; Japanese potter steeped in folk traditions who became a cultural ambassador," The Guardian (Manchester). January 17, 2008.
- Anime News Network: "Frederik L. Schodt Wins The Order of the Rising Sun Award," April 29, 2009.
- Yoshimura, Toshio. (1981). George Shima, Potato King and Lover of Chinese Classics, p. 53.
- British Museum
- "George Takei, bio notes". Georgetakei.com. http://www.georgetakei.com/bio.asp. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Honor awarded 1942 -- Tsuji, Masanobu. (1997). Japan's Greatest Victory, Britain's Worst Defeat, p. 108.
- Honor conferred 1964 -- North Austin Tae Kwan Do: "Chronology of the Life of Morihei Ueshiba, Founder of Aikido."
- Honor awarded 1996 -- Columbia University, Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, Faculty Profiles
- Sadao Watanabe official website: biography
- "British Judo Association". Britishjudo.org.uk. http://www.britishjudo.org.uk/home/GeorgeAkihito.php. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "President and founder, Japan-America Society of New Hampshire and founder, Portsmouth Peace Treaty Forum". http://www.boston.us.emb-japan.go.jp/ENGLISH/WHATS%20NEW/2011Doleac.html.
- Founder of center for Japonology in Lithuania, first Japanese translator, Japanese teacher and popularizer of Japanese culture in Lithuania 
- Szyfrant, który sprawił cud
- Cordileone, Elvira. "Kenzo Mori: An impact on two shores," The Star (Toronto). January 22, 2007.
- Unpaginated editors' chronology appended to Kiyoshi Nishiyama, Shunkō shūshoku (春光秋色) / Seasonal Aspects of Japan (Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1979) (Japanese)(English).
- Honor awarded 1983 -- "Origami artist of stunning originality who became an ambassador for Japanese culture and his art". The Times (London). March 30, 2005; Lister, David. "Obituary: Akira Yoshizawa; Japanese craftsman who singlehandedly revived the art of origami," The Guardian (Manchester). April 8, 2005.
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan): 2010 Spring Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals, p. 8.
- Endo, Ellen (2012-11-05). "Mikwaya CEO Hashimoto Passes at 69". Rafu Shimpo. http://www.rafu.com/2012/11/mikawaya-ceo-hashimoto-passes-at-69/. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan; 2012 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals, p. 6.
- "Was a celebration (岸田益雄公式ページ - 祝賀会でした)". Feb 11, 2012. http://kisida.info/modules/news/index.php?page=article&storyid=480. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
- Honor awarded on 1971 -- Henshall, Mary. "Pioneer Portraits: Henry and Fumiko Fujii," Idaho Yesterdays., Spring, 1975, pp. 20–27; Washington State University Libraries: "Furthering friendship between Japan and the United States, April 1971"
- Russian: «Полный послужной список Корпуса Инженер Механиков Генерал-Майора Зарубина 1-го» (ЦГАВМФ СССР Фонд 406 опись 3 дело 960 лист 21 (оборотный)); English: "A full track record of Mechanical Engineering Corps Major-General Zarubin 1st" (Central State Archive of the Navy of the Soviet Union (Russian State Naval Archives now), Fond 406 inventory 3 file 960 sheet 21 (reverse side)).
- Peterson, James W., Barry C. Weaver and Michael A. Quigley. (2001). Orders and Medals of Japan and Associated States. San Ramon, California: Orders and Medals Society of America. ISBN 1-890974-09-9
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