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Order of Saint Prince Lazar
Orde van Prins Lazarus de Heilige Servie.jpg
Order of Saint Prince Lazar
Awarded by Kingdom of Serbia/Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Type Royal Order
Awarded for Services at the five hundredth anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo
Status discontinued
Description The Order is worn only by the King of Serbia / King of Yugoslavia and by his Crown Prince (when of majority).
Statistics
Established 28 Jun 1889
Total awarded 7
Precedence
Next (higher) None (highest)
Next (lower) Order of the White Eagle (1889-1898)
Order of Milosh the Great (1898-1903)
Order of the Karađorđe's Star (1903-1930)
Order of the Yugoslav Crown (1930-1945)

The Order of Saint Prince Lazar (Serbian language: Орден Светог кнеза Лазара/Orden Svetog kneza Lazara is a chivalric order created by King Alexander I of Serbia to commemorate the five hundredth anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo that took place on the 28 June 1389. It must not be confused with the Order of Saint Lazarus. The order is named after Prince Lazar who commanded the Serbian armies in the battle. The Order is worn only by the King of Serbia / King of Yugoslavia and by his Crown Prince (when of majority).

History

The order of Saint Prince Lazar was instituted by the Decision of the Parliament, signed by the King Aleksandar I, to commemorate the fifth centenary of the Battle of Kosovo (28 June 1389), that ended in the collapse of the medieval Serbian state. Saint Prince Lazar, of the Hrebeljanović family, commanded the Serbian armies that were defeated by the Ottoman Sultan Murat I. The Sultan was assassinated by Serbian knight Miloš Obilić, while captured the Serbian Prince was beheaded by the victorious Turks. The cult of the Saint Prince was very strong among Serbs, and the event was reckoned to be the paramount one in the entire history of Serbs. The commemoration of the 500th Anniversary took form of the Anontment of the King, and the Collar of Saint Prince Lazar ordered to be made by Nicolaus und Dunker of Hannau (Germany). The Order is worn only by the King of Serbia and by his Crown Prince (when of majority). Since inception, the Order has been worn only by the following:

Rewarding

Badge of the Order were allowed to wear only the ruler of Serbia and the heir to the throne:

  • King Alexander I Obrenović
  • King Peter I
  • Prince George (as heir to the throne 1903-1908)
  • Prince Regent (later a King) Alexander I Karađorđević
  • King Peter II
  • Crown Prince Alexander II
  • 5 February 1998 the heir to the Serbian throne, in exile, Prince Peter III is officially included in the list of holders of the Order of St. Prince Lazar.

Sign and a chain of the Order

Sign and a chain of the Order were made of gold and richly decorated with rubies, sapphires, emeralds, diamonds and pearls. Order for production was the German firm Nicolaus und Dunker. Sketches awards carried a professor of archeology Michael Valtrovich.

See also

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