The Order "For Personal Courage" was established by Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on December 28, 1988.
This decoration could be awarded to any USSR citizen showing outstanding courage and bravery during life-saving, keeping of public order and safeguard of state property, as well as for fighting crime, environmental catastrophes, and other exceptional events.
The award was designed by A. B. Zhuk and represents a silver gilded silver star with the words "For Personal Courage" and "USSR" written on it. It was replaced in Russia by the Order of Courage in 1994, which has different look.
The order was first awarded on February 3, 1989, to a teacher of school No. 42 in the city of Ordzhonikidze (now Vladikavkaz) Natalia Efimova. Her class was taken hostage and later freed in a police operation.
- This article incorporates material from Russian Wikipedia
- A. N. Volodin and N. M. Merlay, Medals of the USSR, Saint-Petersburg, Pechatnyi dvor, 1997
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