Operation Reckless and Operation Persecution were the Allied amphibious landings at Hollandia and Aitape, respectively, which commenced the Western New Guinea campaign. Both operations commenced on 22 April 1944. In Operation Reckless the U.S. 24th and the 41st Infantry Divisions—under Lieutenant General Robert L. Eichelberger—landed at Tanahmerah and $3 bays near Hollandia in Dutch New Guinea (later known as Jayapura, Indonesia).
In Operation Persecution, the 163rd Regimental Combat Team—detached from the U.S. 41st Infantry Division—and the No. 62 Works Wing of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) simultaneously landed at Aitape, in the Australian Territory of New Guinea (later Papua New Guinea) about 140 mi (230 km) east of Hollandia.
- "Video: Allied Drive On In Italy--Planes Smash Foe In Air Etc. (1944)". Universal Newsreel. 1944. http://www.archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.39010. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- Smith, Robert Ross (1953). "The Approach to the Philippines". United States Army in World War II. United States Army Center of Military History. http://ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-P-Approach/index.html. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
- Lt. Gen. Kane Yoshihara, IJA (translation by Doris Heath). "The defence of Hollandia and the withdrawal from Hollandia". Southern Cross. Australian War Memorial. Archived from the original on 2007-08-31. http://web.archive.org/web/20070831093744/http://ajrp.awm.gov.au/ajrp/ajrp2.nsf/pages/NT00003032?openDocument. Retrieved 2008-02-17.
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