Military Wiki
Operation München
Part of the Eastern Front of World War II
Romanian cavalryman escorting Soviet prisoners
DateJuly 2 to July 24, 1941
LocationBessarabia, Northern Bukovina
Result Axis victory
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924–1955).svg Soviet Union Flag of Romania.svg Romania]]
Flag of Germany (1935–1945).svg Germany
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924–1955).svg Ivan Tyulenev
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924–1955).svg P. G. Ponedelin
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924–1955).svg Yakov Cherevichenko
Flag of Romania.svg Ion Antonescu
Flag of Romania.svg Nicolae Ciupercă
Flag of Romania.svg Petre Dumitrescu
Flag of Germany (1935–1945).svg Eugen Ritter von Schobert
Units involved
Odessa Military District:
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924–1955).svg 9th Army
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924–1955).svg 12th Army
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924–1955).svg 18th Army
Army Group Antonescu:
Flag of Romania.svg 3rd Army
Flag of Romania.svg 4th Army
Flag of Germany (1935–1945).svg 11th Army
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924–1955).svg 364,700 troops
700 tanks
1,750 aircraft
Flag of Romania.svg 325,685 troops[1]
672 aircraft
Flag of Germany (1935–1945).svg 5 divisions, 420 aircraft
Casualties and losses
Total: 17,893
8,519 killed/missing, 9,374 wounded
Total: 21,738
4,112 killed, 12,120 wounded, 5,506 missing[2]

To be distinguished from the German documentary film LH 615 – Operation München about the 1972 hijacking of a Lufthansa airliner.

Operation München (Operaţiunea München) was the Romanian codename of a joint German-Romanian offensive in World War II, with the primary objective of liberating Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, ceded by Romania to the Soviet Union a year before.[3] The operation concluded successfully after 24 days of fighting. Axis formations involved included the Third Army, the Fourth Army, and the Eleventh Army. In German this is simply described as the recapture of Bessarabia by the Romanian army, and was the beginning of genocide against the Jewish population of Bessarabia.[4][5]

Other "Operation Münchens"

Another "Operation München" took place in March 1942, in Lithuania.[6]


  1. Axworthy (1995), p. 45.
  2. Axworthy (1995), p. 47.
  3. Germany and the Axis powers from coalition to collapse R. L. DiNardo - 2005 "It was not until early July, once the Soviet offensive was spent, that the Romanian Fourth Army was ready to go over to the offensive.101 Operation Munchen turned out to be a somewhat staggered affair. Schobert's German Eleventh Army "
  4. Deutsche und Juden in Bessarabien, 1814-1941 Mariana Hausleitner - 2005 "... größte Katastrophe für die Juden Bessarabiens war die Rückeroberung Bessarabiens durch die rumänische Armee im Juli 1941."
  5. Operation Barbarossa 1941: Army Group South - Page 41 Robert Kirchubel, Howard Gerrard - 2003 "Hitler finally felt chances of a Soviet ground attack were low enough that his far right flank could move out under Operation Munich. All Axis forces in Rumania nominally fell under the command of dictator Ion Antonescu."
  6. Rich man's war, poor man's fight: race, class, and power in the ... - Page 308 Jeanette Keith - 2004 "This air detachment was to be made ready for action as part of Operation Munich, an anti-partisan sweep planned to ... Operation Munich was launched on March 19. Supported by the newly created air detachment, German troops struck at ..."


  • Axworthy, Mark; Scafes, Cornel; Craciunoiu, Cristian (1995). Third Axis Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941–1945. London: Arms & Armour Press. ISBN 1-85409-267-7. 

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