Operation Hawthorn was the codename for a series of British Commando raids on Sardinia during the Second World War. The raids between June and July 1943 were carried out by L Detachment Special Boat Squadron. The raiders were landed either by parachute or submarine and most of those who landed were killed or captured and the detachment had to be reconstituted.
- "Naval codewords". Naval History. http://www.naval-history.net/xGM-Ops-CodeNamesAlpha.htm. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
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