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Operation Ha-Har (Hebrew: ההר‎, The Mountain) was an Israeli Defence Forces campaign against villages southwest of Jerusalem launched at the end of October 1948.

The Operation lasted from 18 to 24 October and was carried out by troops form the Harel and Etzioni Brigades. The villages were defended by units from the Egyptian army. By the end of the campaign over a dozen villages had been captured.[1][2] It coincided with Operation Yoav which attacked Egyptian positions further south.

Villages captured during Operation Ha-Har, October 1948.


  1. Khalidi, Walid (Ed.) (1992) All That Remains. The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. IoPS, Washington. ISBN 0-88728-224-5. p.266.
  2. Morris, Benny (1987) The birth of the Palestinian refugee problem, 1947-1949. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-33028-9. p.220.

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