Military Wiki
Operation Dawn
Part of the Kurdish–Turkish conflict and Iraqi Kurdish Civil War
Date25 September - 15 October 1997
LocationIraqi Kurdistan
Result Indecisive


Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP)

23x15px Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)

Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK)[1]
Commanders and leaders
23x15px Ali Haydar Kaytan[2]

 Turkey: 15,000 [4]
KDP: 8,000 [5]

Total: 27,000
10,000-12,000[citation needed]
Casualties and losses

31 killed, 91 wounded

(Turkish claim)700 killed (pkk claim)

865 killed, 37 captured

(Turkish claim)67 killed in action (pkk claim)

Operation Dawn (Turkish language: Şafak Harekâtı) was a cross-border operation by the Turkish Armed Forces into northern Iraq between 25 September and 15 October 1997 against the Kurdistan Workers' Party.


Turkey announced fatalities at a total of 31 personnel made out of 3 commissioned officers, 24 soldiers and 4 village guards. Turkey announced the injured at a total of 91 personnel made out of 5 commissioned officers 7 noncommissioned officers, 77 soldiers, and 2 village guards. Turkey announced the total number of militants neutralized at a total of 902 with 865 being killed and 37 being captured live or injured.[3] Clashes between the PKK and KDP resulted in 'considerable losses' for the KDP.[4]


  1. [1]
  2. [2]
  3. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Şafak harekatı (25 Eylül - 15 Ekim 1997)". Hürriyet. Retrieved 2007-10-11.
  4. [3]

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).