|North American XB-28 with engines running.|
|Role||High-altitude medium bomber|
|Manufacturer||North American Aviation|
|First flight||26 April 1942|
|Primary user||U.S. Army Air Force|
|Developed from||B-25 Mitchell|
The North American XB-28 (NA-63) was an aircraft proposed by the North American Aviation to fill a strong need in the United States Army Air Corps for a high-altitude medium bomber. It never entered into full production, with only two aircraft having been built.
Design and development
The order for a high-altitude medium bomber was put out on 13 February 1940; the XB-28 first flew on 26 April 1942. The XB-28 was based on North American Aviation's highly successful B-25 Mitchell, but as it evolved it became a completely new design, much more reminiscent of the Martin B-26 Marauder. The overall configuration of the B-25 and XB-28 were fairly similar; the most important distinction was that the twin tail of the B-25 was changed to a single tail on the XB-28. It was among the first planes with a pressurised cabin.
The XB-28 proved an excellent design, with significantly better performance than the B-25, but it was never put into production. High-altitude bombing was hampered significantly by factors such as clouds and wind, which were frequent occurrences in the Pacific. At the same time, medium bombers were becoming much more able at lower altitudes. The models being used at these levels had been used successfully in combat for months and even years. The gains in aircraft performance that came with high altitude flight were not significant enough to justify switching from low-altitude bombing.
Testing and evaluation
Even though the Army Air Forces rejected the XB-28 as a bomber, they ordered another prototype. Designated XB-28A, it was meant to explore the possibility of use as a reconnaissance aircraft. This design never progressed past the prototype stage either. The XB-28A crashed into the Pacific off Southern California after crew bail-out on 4 August 1943.
Data from 
- Crew: five
- Length: 56 ft 4 in (17.16 m)
- Wingspan: 72 ft 6 in (22.13 m)
- Height: 22 ft 0 in (6.71 m)
- Wing area: 675.9 ft² (62.8 m²)
- Empty weight: 25,575 lb (11,600 kg)
- Loaded weight: 35,763 lb (16,222 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 39,135 lb (17,751 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney R-2800-27 turbosupercharged radial engines, 2,000 hp (1,500 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 372 mph (599 km/h) at 25,000 ft (7,600 m)
- Cruise speed: 255 mph (410 km/h)
- Range: 2,040 mi (3,280 km)
- Service ceiling: 34,800 ft (10,607 m)
- Rate of climb: 1,111 ft/min (6 m/s)
- Wing loading: 52.87 lb/ft² (258.14 kg/m²)
- Power/mass: 0.112 hp/lb (184 W/kg)
- Guns: 6 × .50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns in remote-sighted turrets
- Bombs: Normal 2,000 lb (907 kg), Maximum 4,000 lb (1,814 kg)
- B-25 Mitchell
- B-26 Marauder
- Martin XB-27
- XB-33 Super Marauder
- Junkers Ju 288
- Focke-Wulf Fw 191
- B-25 - B-26 - XB-27 - XB-28 - B-29 - XB-30 - XB-31
- List of military aircraft of the United States
- List of bomber aircraft
- Dean, Jack, "The Charge Of The Light Brigade", Airpower, Granada Hills, California, November 1998, Volume 28, Number 6, page 39.
- Norton, Bill (2012). American Bomber Aircraft Development in World War 2. Hersham, Surrey, UK: Midland Publishing. pp. 68. ISBN 978 1 85780 330 3.
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