|Nock gun mounted on tripod|
|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|In service||Royal Navy 1782-1804|
|Used by||United Kingdom|
|Barrel length||20 inches (510 mm)|
|Cartridge||.46 inches (12 mm)|
|Action||Flintlock, multiple barrel|
|Rate of fire||Seven rounds per discharge, reloading rate variable|
|Feed system||Muzzle loaded|
The Nock gun was a seven-barrelled flintlock smoothbore firearm used by the Royal Navy during the early stages of the Napoleonic Wars. A volley gun originally designed for ship-to-ship fighting, its use was limited and eventually discontinued because the powerful recoil limited its use.
Since then, it has gained some historical fame for its bizarre appearance, notably in The Alamo and the Richard Sharpe series of novels by Bernard Cornwell.
History and design
The weapon was invented by British engineer James Wilson in 1779, and named after Henry Nock, the London-based armaments manufacturer contracted to build the gun. It was intended to be fired from the rigging of Royal Navy warships onto the deck in the event that the ship was boarded by enemy sailors. Theoretically, the simultaneous discharge of seven barrels would have devastating effect on the tightly packed groups of enemy sailors.
The volley gun consisted of seven barrels welded together, with small vents drilled through from the central barrel to the other six barrels clustered around it. The central barrel screwed onto a hollow spigot which formed the chamber and was connected to the vent.
The gun operated using a standard flintlock mechanism, with the priming gunpowder igniting the central charge via a small vent. When the flash reached the central chamber, all seven charges ignited at once, firing more or less simultaneously.
Deployment and Use
During the early stages of the Napoleonic Wars, 500 Nock guns were purchased by the Royal Navy. However, attempts to use the gun during combat quickly revealed design flaws. The recoil caused by all seven barrels firing at once was more powerful than had been thought, and frequently injured or broke the shoulder of whoever was firing the gun, and in any case made the gun very difficult to aim and control. Furthermore, officers were reluctant to issue the guns during battle out of fear that the flying sparks would set fire to the surrounding rigging and sails.
A smaller, lighter version was produced, which shortened the gun's range, but the recoil was still too powerful for sailors to feel comfortable using it. The few models purchased by the Royal Navy were removed from service in 1804.
Examples are available for viewing in the weapons gallery at York Castle Museum, the Hollywood Guns exhibit at the National Firearms Museum, the Royal Armouries Museum, and the Charleston Museum (SC).
The Nock gun was brought to modern attention due to its appearance in the film The Alamo in which one is used by Richard Widmark playing Jim Bowie and also in Bernard Cornwell's Sharpe series, in which the character Patrick Harper (a strong, burly man) wields an ex-Navy Nock gun.
In the video game Gun, the main antagonist, Thomas Magruder, uses a Nock Gun during the final boss battle of the game. The gun itself is unlockable as a secret weapon, and can be used by the player once Magruder has been defeated.
A modern version was custom built on a recent episode of American Guns.
- Matthew Sharpe "Nock's Volley Gun: A Fearful Discharge" American Rifleman December 2012 pp.50-53
- "Weapons — Harper's Nock Volley Gun — The Sharpe Appreciation Society". Southessex.co.uk. 2002-10-26. http://www.southessex.co.uk/weapons/nock.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
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