|No. 65 Squadron|
1 August 1916 (RFC) to 1919|
Vi et armis |
Latin:"By force of arms"
|Squadron Badge heraldry||In front of fifteen swords in pile, the hilts in base, a lion passant|
World War I
The squadron was first formed at Wyton on 1 August 1916 as a squadron of the Royal Flying Corps with a core provided from the training ground at Norwich. By the end of World War I, it had claimed over 200 victories. Thirteen aces had served with it, including John Inglis Gilmour, Joseph White, Maurice Newnham, Thomas Williams, William Harry Bland, Alfred Leitch, Jack Armand Cunningham, Godfrey Brembridge, and George M. Cox. Arthur G. Jones-Williams, who would go on to long-range flight record attempts in 1929, also served in the squadron.
World War II
The squadron reformed in 1934 at RAF Hornchurch with the Hawker Demon, converting to the Gloster Gauntlet in 1936 and the Gloster Gladiator in 1937. During World War II, the squadron operated Supermarine Spitfires, having converted from Gladiators in 1939. In December 1943, the squadron converted to North American Mustangs. For a period of time their Wing Commander was Reg Grant.
In 1946, the unit converted to the Spitfire LF.XVIe and then the de Havilland Hornet, the Gloster Meteor F.4 and F.8, then the Hawker Hunter F.6. at RAF Duxford from (?) until the squadron disbanded in 1961, and then reformed in 1964 as a surface to air missile unit, operating the Bristol Bloodhound. During this period, it was based at RAF Seletar, Singapore, and it disbanded again in 1970. It was last disbanded at RAF Coningsby in June 1992, by re-numbering as No. 56 (Reserve) Squadron, after serving as the Operational Conversion Unit for the Tornado F.2 and F.3 fighter, with the alternative identity of No. 229 OCU.
- http://www.theaerodrome.com/services/gbritain/rfc/65.php Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- Gustavsson, Håkan. "Gloster Gladiator in 65 RAF Squadron service". Biplane Fighter Aces from the Second World War. http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/gladiator_raf_65.htm. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Wing Commander Reginald Joseph Cowan Grant. New Zealand Fighter Pilots Museum. Retrieved 2011-05-18.
- Royal Air Force History: History of No. 65 Squadron
- Air of Authority: No 61 – 65 Squadron Histories
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing, 1998 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
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