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No. 197 Squadron RAF
Active 9 August 1917 – 17 November 1917
21 November 1942 – 31 August 1945
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Motto(s) Latin: Findimus caelum (We cleave the sky)
Squadron Badge A sabre held by a gauntlet.
Squadron Codes OV (Nov 1942 - Aug 1945)

No. 197 Squadron RAF was a Royal Air Force Squadron formed in World War I and reformed as a fighter-bomber unit in World War II.


Formation and World War I

No. 197 Squadron Royal Flying Corps was formed in Egypt on 9 August 1917, but it disbanded on 17 November 1917 upon re-designation as an artillery observation school, having not received any aircraft.

Reformation in World War II

The squadron reformed on 21 November 1942 at RAF Turnhouse and was supplied with Typhoons. It then operated from RAF Manston, RAF Tangmere and RAF Hurn. It supported the Normandy landings in June 1944 and re-located to France where it followed the allied advance across Europe seeking targets of opportunity. On 3 May 1945 the squadron took part in the attack that resulted in the sinking of the SS Cap Arcona. It disbanded at Hildesheim, Germany on 31 August 1945.

Aircraft operated

Aircraft operated by no. 197 Squadron RAF
From To Aircraft Variant
Nov 1942 Jan 1943 Hawker Typhoon IA
Nov 1942 Aug 1945 Hawker Typhoon IB

External links

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