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Nikolai Voznesensky
Никола́й Вознесе́нский
Chairman of the State Planning Committee of the Soviet Union

In office
8 December 1942 – 5 March 1949
Premier Joseph Stalin
Preceded by Maksim Saburov
Succeeded by Maksim Saburov

In office
19 January 1938 – 10 March 1941
Premier Vyacheslav Molotov
Preceded by Valery Mezhlauk
Succeeded by Maksim Saburov
First Deputy Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Soviet Union

In office
10 March 1941 – 15 March 1946
Premier Vyacheslav Molotov
Joseph Stalin
Preceded by Valerian Kuybyshev
Succeeded by Vyacheslav Molotov
Full member of the 18th Politburo

In office
26 February 1947 – 7 March 1949
Candidate member of the 18th Politburo

In office
21 February 1941 – 26 February 1947
Personal details
Born 1 December [O.S. 18 November] 1903
Tula Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 1 October 1950(1950-10-01) (aged 46)
Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Citizenship Soviet
Nationality Russian
Political party All-Union Communist Party (Bolshevik)

Nikolai Alekseevich Voznesensky (Russian: Никола́й Алексе́евич Вознесе́нский, 1 December [O.S. 18 November] 1903 – 1 October 1950) was the Soviet economic planner who oversaw the running of Gosplan during the German-Soviet War. A protégé of Andrei Zhdanov, Voznesensky was appointed Deputy Premier in May 1940 at the age of thirty-eight.[1] He was directly involved in the recovery of production associated with the movement of industry eastwards at the start of the war. His work The Economy of the USSR during World War II [2] is his account of these years.

Following the war, however, his ideas on measuring and managing Soviet economic activity were at odds with Joseph Stalin's views[citation needed], and his instrumental role in reorganizing Leningrad's economic structure before the war[citation needed] led to his persecution during the Leningrad Affair[citation needed]. In a secret trial, he was found guilty of treason, sentenced to death and executed the same day. Voznesensky was rehabilitated in 1954.[3]

He was a close companion of Alexei Kosygin and Mikhail Rodionov.[citation needed]

Honours and awards


  1. Simon Sebag Montefiore, Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar, Weidenfeld & Nicolson: 2003, p.310. ISBN 1-4000-4230-5
  2. Washington, DC: Public Affairs Press, 1948.

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