Military Wiki
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{{Infobox officeholder
 
{{Infobox officeholder
|honorific-prefix =
 
 
|name = Nikolai Ivanovich Saltykov
 
|name = Nikolai Ivanovich Saltykov
|native_name =
 
|native_name_lang =
 
|honorific-suffix =
 
 
|image = Saltykov Nikolay Ivanovich.jpg
 
|image = Saltykov Nikolay Ivanovich.jpg
 
|imagesize =
 
|imagesize =
|smallimage = <!--If this is specified, "image" should not be.-->
 
 
|alt =
 
|alt =
 
|caption =
 
|caption =
|order =
 
 
|office = Lieutenant [[List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller|Grand Master of the Order of Saint John]]
 
|office = Lieutenant [[List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller|Grand Master of the Order of Saint John]]
 
|term_start = 23 March 1801
 
|term_start = 23 March 1801
 
|term_end = 1803
 
|term_end = 1803
|monarch =
+
|predecessor = Paul I of Russia
|predecessor = [[Paul I of Russia]]
 
 
|successor = [[Giovanni Battista Tommasi]]
 
|successor = [[Giovanni Battista Tommasi]]
|birth_date = 31 October 1736
+
|birth_date={{Birth date|1736|October|31}}
 
|birth_place =
 
|birth_place =
|death_date = 28 May 1816
+
|death_date={{Death date and age|1816|May|28|1736|October|31}}
 
|death_place =
 
|death_place =
 
|restingplace =
 
|restingplace =
 
|nationality = Russian
|restingplacecoordinates =
 
|birthname =
 
|citizenship =
 
|nationality = [[Russian people|Russian]]
 
|party =
 
|otherparty = <!--For additional political affiliations-->
 
|spouse =
 
|partner = <!--For those with a domestic partner and not married-->
 
|relations =
 
|children =
 
|residence =
 
|alma_mater =
 
|occupation =
 
|profession =
 
|cabinet =
 
|committees =
 
|portfolio =
 
|religion =
 
|signature =
 
 
|signature_alt =
 
|signature_alt =
 
<!--Military service-->
 
<!--Military service-->
 
|allegiance = {{flagicon|Russia}} Russian Empire<br>{{flagicon|SMOM}} [[Knights Hospitaller|Order of Saint John]]
|nickname =
 
|allegiance = {{flagicon|Russia}} [[Russian Empire]]<br>{{flagicon|SMOM}} [[Knights Hospitaller|Order of Saint John]]
 
 
|branch =
 
|branch =
 
|serviceyears =
 
|serviceyears =
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|commands =
 
|commands =
 
|battles = [[Seven Years' War]]<br>[[Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774)|Russo-Turkish War]]
 
|battles = [[Seven Years' War]]<br>[[Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774)|Russo-Turkish War]]
|awards =
 
|military_blank1 =
 
|military_data1 =
 
|military_blank2 =
 
|military_data2 =
 
|military_blank3 =
 
|military_data3 =
 
|military_blank4 =
 
|military_data4 =
 
|military_blank5 =
 
|military_data5 =
 
 
}}
 
}}
   
 
Prince '''Nikolai Ivanovich Saltykov''' (Russian: ''Николай Иванович Салтыков'', 31 October 1736 &ndash; 28 May 1816), a member of the [[Saltykov]] noble family, was a [[Imperial Russia|Russian]] [[Field Marshal]] and imperial [[courtier]].
 
Prince '''Nikolai Ivanovich Saltykov''' (Russian: ''Николай Иванович Салтыков'', 31 October 1736 &ndash; 28 May 1816), a member of the [[Saltykov]] noble family, was a [[Imperial Russia|Russian]] [[Field Marshal]] and imperial [[courtier]].
   
He was the head of the Russian Army as the [[Heads of military of Imperial Russia|president of the War Collegium]] 1791–1802. He was also the Lieutenant Grand Master of the [[Sovereign Military Order of Malta|Order of Malta]] from 1801 - 1803. He was also the tutor of the eventual Tsar [[Paul I of Russia]] and his two sons, [[Konstantin Pavlovich Romanov]], and Tsar [[Alexander I of Russia]].
+
He was the head of the Russian Army as the [[Heads of military of Imperial Russia|president of the War Collegium]] 1791–1802. He was also the Lieutenant Grand Master of the [[Sovereign Military Order of Malta|Order of Malta]] from 1801 - 1803. He was also the tutor of the eventual Tsar Paul I of Russia and his two sons, [[Konstantin Pavlovich Romanov]], and Tsar Alexander I of Russia.
   
 
==Life==
 
==Life==
His parents were general Ivan Alexeyevich Saltykov (himself the nephew of [[Anna I of Russia]]) and countess Anastasia Petrovna Tolstoy. He spent a short time in the Semyonovsky Regiment, of which he became a permanent member in 1748. In 1747, he and his father took part in the Russian advance to the [[River Rhine]]. During the [[Seven Years' War]] he distinguished himself in several battles against Prussian forces. After the victory at [[Battle of Kunersdorf|Kunersdorf]] over [[Frederick II of Prussia]], Nikolay was sent to [[Saint Petersburg]] to deliver news of the victory to the commander in chief - for that service, he was made a colonel.
+
His parents were general Ivan Alexeyevich Saltykov (himself the nephew of [[Anna I of Russia]]) and countess Anastasia Petrovna Tolstoy. He spent a short time in the Semyonovsky Regiment, of which he became a permanent member in 1748. In 1747, he and his father took part in the Russian advance to the River Rhine. During the [[Seven Years' War]] he distinguished himself in several battles against Prussian forces. After the victory at [[Battle of Kunersdorf|Kunersdorf]] over [[Frederick II of Prussia]], Nikolay was sent to Saint Petersburg to deliver news of the victory to the commander in chief - for that service, he was made a colonel.
   
In 1761, under the command of [[Pyotr Rumyantsev]], he fought at [[Siege of Kolberg (Seven Years' War)|Kolberg]]. [[Peter II of Russia]] made Saltykov a major general and in 1763 he was given command of the troops stationed in Poland, where he took part in the [[Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774)]]. In 1769 he aided [[Alexander Mikhailovich Golitsyn|Prince Alexander Golitsyn]] in the siege and occupation of the city of [[Chotyn]], which Russian troops entered on 10 September that year. For fighting with distinction in these battles he was made a lieutenant-general and a member of the [[Order of Alexander Nevsky]], but due to ill health he was forced to leave the campaign in order to travel abroad in search of a cure. During this time, he spent three years visiting Europe, most notably visiting [[Berlin]] and [[Paris]]. After he returned to Russia, [[Catherine II of Russia]] made him vice-president of Russia's Military Council. Simultaneously, Catherine made him ''[[Hofmeister (office)|hofmeister]]'' of the court. He became tutor to Grand Duke Paul, with whom he again visited Berlin in 1776 before accompanying Paul on a [[grand tour]] across Europe in 1781 and 1782.
+
In 1761, under the command of [[Pyotr Rumyantsev]], he fought at [[Siege of Kolberg (Seven Years' War)|Kolberg]]. [[Peter II of Russia]] made Saltykov a major general and in 1763 he was given command of the troops stationed in Poland, where he took part in the [[Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774)]]. In 1769 he aided [[Alexander Mikhailovich Golitsyn|Prince Alexander Golitsyn]] in the siege and occupation of the city of [[Chotyn]], which Russian troops entered on 10 September that year. For fighting with distinction in these battles he was made a lieutenant-general and a member of the [[Order of Alexander Nevsky]], but due to ill health he was forced to leave the campaign in order to travel abroad in search of a cure. During this time, he spent three years visiting Europe, most notably visiting Berlin and Paris. After he returned to Russia, Catherine II of Russia made him vice-president of Russia's Military Council. Simultaneously, Catherine made him ''[[Hofmeister (office)|hofmeister]]'' of the court. He became tutor to Grand Duke Paul, with whom he again visited Berlin in 1776 before accompanying Paul on a [[grand tour]] across Europe in 1781 and 1782.
   
On 24 November 1782, Catherine made Saltykov a member of the [[Order of Saint Andrew]], a senator and a member of the high court council. In the following years Catherine made Saltykov permanent tutor to her grandsons Alexander (the future [[Alexander I of Russia]]) and [[Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich of Russia|Konstantin]]. In 1790, during the celebrations of the peace with Sweden, Saltykov was made a Count of the Russian Empire, and granted 5,000 serfs in Russian Poland and an annual pension of 125 rubles. On Paul's accession to the throne, Saltykov was made field marshal general on 8 November 1796 and then president of the Military Council of State. Alexander I, during the celebrations of his coronation, gave Saltykov his portrait decorated with diamonds.
+
On 24 November 1782, Catherine made Saltykov a member of the [[Order of Saint Andrew]], a senator and a member of the high court council. In the following years Catherine made Saltykov permanent tutor to her grandsons Alexander (the future Alexander I of Russia) and [[Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich of Russia|Konstantin]]. In 1790, during the celebrations of the peace with Sweden, Saltykov was made a Count of the Russian Empire, and granted 5,000 serfs in Russian Poland and an annual pension of 125 rubles. On Paul's accession to the throne, Saltykov was made field marshal general on 8 November 1796 and then president of the Military Council of State. Alexander I, during the celebrations of his coronation, gave Saltykov his portrait decorated with diamonds.
   
 
At the start of the [[Napoleonic Wars]], Saltykov was instructed to look after military reports and to be head of state while Alexander was away leading the Russian army in 1813 and 1814. On Alexander's return to Saint Petersburg, Saltykov was promoted to Prince of the Russian Empire, with the title of Excellency. He was also made Lieutenant Grand Master of the [[Sovereign Military Order of Malta|Order of Malta]] from 1801 to 1803 on behalf of Alexander, who had been elected Grand Master but could not carry out his official duties.
 
At the start of the [[Napoleonic Wars]], Saltykov was instructed to look after military reports and to be head of state while Alexander was away leading the Russian army in 1813 and 1814. On Alexander's return to Saint Petersburg, Saltykov was promoted to Prince of the Russian Empire, with the title of Excellency. He was also made Lieutenant Grand Master of the [[Sovereign Military Order of Malta|Order of Malta]] from 1801 to 1803 on behalf of Alexander, who had been elected Grand Master but could not carry out his official duties.
   
Nikolai's grandson [[Alexei Saltykov]] was known for his travels in [[India]] and [[Persia]].
+
Nikolai's grandson [[Alexei Saltykov]] was known for his travels in India and [[Persia]].
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
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{{s-start}}
 
{{s-start}}
{{succession box|before=[[Paul I of Russia]]<br /><small>''de facto''</small>|title=[[Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller|Grand Master]] of the [[Sovereign Military Order of Malta|Knights Hospitaller]]| years=1801–1803<br /><small>''Lieutenant de facto''</small>|after=[[Giovanni Battista Tommasi]]}}
+
{{succession box|before=Paul I of Russia<br /><small>''de facto''</small>|title=[[Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller|Grand Master]] of the [[Sovereign Military Order of Malta|Knights Hospitaller]]| years=1801–1803<br /><small>''Lieutenant de facto''</small>|after=[[Giovanni Battista Tommasi]]}}
 
{{succession box | before = [[Nikolay Petrovich Rumyantsev]]
 
{{succession box | before = [[Nikolay Petrovich Rumyantsev]]
 
| title = [[Russian Council of Ministers|Chairman of the Committee of Ministers]]
 
| title = [[Russian Council of Ministers|Chairman of the Committee of Ministers]]
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{{s-end}}
 
{{s-end}}
   
  +
{{Wikipedia|Nikolai Saltykov}}
{{Authority control|VIAF=173054701}}
 
   
{{Persondata <!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]]. -->
 
| NAME = Saltykov, Nikolai
 
| ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
 
| SHORT DESCRIPTION = Field Marshal of Russia
 
| DATE OF BIRTH = 31 October 1736
 
| PLACE OF BIRTH =
 
| DATE OF DEATH = 28 May 1816
 
| PLACE OF DEATH =
 
}}
 
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Saltykov, Nikolai}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Saltykov, Nikolai}}
 
[[Category:1736 births]]
 
[[Category:1736 births]]

Latest revision as of 14:46, 28 February 2021

Nikolai Ivanovich Saltykov
Lieutenant Grand Master of the Order of Saint John

In office
23 March 1801 – 1803
Preceded by Paul I of Russia
Succeeded by Giovanni Battista Tommasi
Personal details
Born (1736-10-31)October 31, 1736
Died May 28, 1816(1816-05-28) (aged 79)
Nationality Russian
Military service
Allegiance Russia Russian Empire
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John
Battles/wars Seven Years' War
Russo-Turkish War

Prince Nikolai Ivanovich Saltykov (Russian: Николай Иванович Салтыков, 31 October 1736 – 28 May 1816), a member of the Saltykov noble family, was a Russian Field Marshal and imperial courtier.

He was the head of the Russian Army as the president of the War Collegium 1791–1802. He was also the Lieutenant Grand Master of the Order of Malta from 1801 - 1803. He was also the tutor of the eventual Tsar Paul I of Russia and his two sons, Konstantin Pavlovich Romanov, and Tsar Alexander I of Russia.

Life[]

His parents were general Ivan Alexeyevich Saltykov (himself the nephew of Anna I of Russia) and countess Anastasia Petrovna Tolstoy. He spent a short time in the Semyonovsky Regiment, of which he became a permanent member in 1748. In 1747, he and his father took part in the Russian advance to the River Rhine. During the Seven Years' War he distinguished himself in several battles against Prussian forces. After the victory at Kunersdorf over Frederick II of Prussia, Nikolay was sent to Saint Petersburg to deliver news of the victory to the commander in chief - for that service, he was made a colonel.

In 1761, under the command of Pyotr Rumyantsev, he fought at Kolberg. Peter II of Russia made Saltykov a major general and in 1763 he was given command of the troops stationed in Poland, where he took part in the Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774). In 1769 he aided Prince Alexander Golitsyn in the siege and occupation of the city of Chotyn, which Russian troops entered on 10 September that year. For fighting with distinction in these battles he was made a lieutenant-general and a member of the Order of Alexander Nevsky, but due to ill health he was forced to leave the campaign in order to travel abroad in search of a cure. During this time, he spent three years visiting Europe, most notably visiting Berlin and Paris. After he returned to Russia, Catherine II of Russia made him vice-president of Russia's Military Council. Simultaneously, Catherine made him hofmeister of the court. He became tutor to Grand Duke Paul, with whom he again visited Berlin in 1776 before accompanying Paul on a grand tour across Europe in 1781 and 1782.

On 24 November 1782, Catherine made Saltykov a member of the Order of Saint Andrew, a senator and a member of the high court council. In the following years Catherine made Saltykov permanent tutor to her grandsons Alexander (the future Alexander I of Russia) and Konstantin. In 1790, during the celebrations of the peace with Sweden, Saltykov was made a Count of the Russian Empire, and granted 5,000 serfs in Russian Poland and an annual pension of 125 rubles. On Paul's accession to the throne, Saltykov was made field marshal general on 8 November 1796 and then president of the Military Council of State. Alexander I, during the celebrations of his coronation, gave Saltykov his portrait decorated with diamonds.

At the start of the Napoleonic Wars, Saltykov was instructed to look after military reports and to be head of state while Alexander was away leading the Russian army in 1813 and 1814. On Alexander's return to Saint Petersburg, Saltykov was promoted to Prince of the Russian Empire, with the title of Excellency. He was also made Lieutenant Grand Master of the Order of Malta from 1801 to 1803 on behalf of Alexander, who had been elected Grand Master but could not carry out his official duties.

Nikolai's grandson Alexei Saltykov was known for his travels in India and Persia.

References[]

Preceded by
Paul I of Russia
de facto
Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller
1801–1803
Lieutenant de facto
Succeeded by
Giovanni Battista Tommasi
Preceded by
Nikolay Petrovich Rumyantsev
Chairman of the Committee of Ministers
1812–1816
Succeeded by
Pyotr Vasilyevich Lopukhin

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