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Nikolai Ruzsky
General Nikolai Vladimirovich Ruzsky
Born (1854-03-06)March 6, 1854
Died October 18, 1918(1918-10-18) (aged 64) (Age 64)
Place of birth Russia
Place of death Pyatigorsk
Allegiance  Russian Empire
Service/branch Russian Imperial Army
Years of service 1872-1918
Rank General
Commands held Russian Imperial Army
Second Manchurian Army, 1877-1888, 1904-1905
Kiev Military District, 1896-1902
Third Army, 1914
Northwest Front, 1914
Sixth Army, 1915
Northern Front, 1916
Battles/wars Russo-Turkish War
Russo-Japanese War
World War I
Battle of Galicia
Battle of Łódź
Battle of Lemberg
Battle of Gnila Lipa
Awards Order of St. Anne
Cross of St. George

Nikolai Vladimirovich Ruzsky (Russian: Никола́й Влади́мирович Ру́зский) (March 18 [O.S. March 6] 1854 – October 18, 1918), was a Russian general of World War I.


His military career prior to the outbreak of World War I in August 1914 took him to both the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878) and the Russo-Japanese War, where he was Chief of Staff to the Second Manchurian Army. In between he served as Deputy Chief of Staff of the Kiev Military District (1896- 1902). He was influenced by General Mikhail Ivanovich Dragomirov.

In August 1914 he was in command of the Third Army, and was soon involved in the Battle of Galicia. He was given command over the Northwest Front in September 1914. His greatest achievement during the war was his part in the defence of Lodz in November 1914. He was given command of Sixth Army in March 1915 and of the Northern Front in the winter of 1916, but he was replaced by Alexei Kuropatkin in February 1916 because of his excessive caution and indecision. He later was reinstated by the Tsar in July.

Following the February Revolution of 1917 he resigned his command and went south to the Caucasus, where he joined other Tsarist generals. Captured by the Bolsheviks on September 11, 1918, in Essentuki, he was executed along with the last remaining loyal officers and generals in Pyatigorsk.

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