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Nieuport 24
Charles Nungesser with his Nieuport 24bis.
Role fighter / advanced trainer
Manufacturer Nieuport
Designer Gustave Delage
First flight 1917
Primary users Aéronautique Militaire
Royal Flying Corps
Royal Naval Air Service

The Nieuport 24 was a French biplane fighter aircraft during World War I designed by Gustave Delage as a replacement for the successful Nieuport 17. In the event its performance was little better than the type it was meant to replace, which was largely superseded by the SPAD S.7 instead. Operational Nieuport 24s served with French, British and Russian units, and the type also served widely as an advanced trainer.

Design and development

The Nieuport 24 introduced a new fuselage of improved aerodynamic form, rounded wingtips, and a tail unit incorporating a small fixed fin and a curved rudder. The tailskid was sprung internally and had a neater appearance than that on earlier Nieuports. A 130 hp Le Rhône rotary engine was fitted.

There were initial structural problems with the new tail, and most production aircraft of the type were of the Nieuport 24bis model, which retained the fuselage and wings of the 24, but reverted to the Nieuport 17 type tailplane, tailskid and rectangular balanced rudder. The new tail was finally standardised on the Nieuport 27.

A batch of Nieuport 24bis were built in England for the Royal Naval Air Service.

The standard armament of the Nieuport 17 (a synchronised Vickers in French service - a Lewis gun on a Foster mounting on the top wing in British service) was retained to save weight and retain a good performance, although many 24s were used as advanced trainers and normally flown without guns.

Service history

27 December 1917: No.1 Squadron RFC with Nieuport 27s and Nieuport 24s at Bailleul.[1]

In the summer of 1917, when the Nieuport 24 and 24bis. were coming off the production line, most French fighter squadrons were replacing their Nieuport 17s with SPAD S.VIIs – and many of the new fighters went to fighter training schools, and to France’s allies, including the Russians, and the British, who used theirs well into 1918, due to a shortage of S.E.5as. A few French units retained the Nieuport through late 1917 – the type was actually preferred by some pilots, especially the famous Charles Nungesser.

Some of the large number of Nieuport advanced trainers bought by the Americans for their flying schools in France in November 1917 were 24s or 24bis.

Operators

 Afghanistan
  • Afghan Air Force - A single Nieuport 24 fighter was donated by the Soviet Union in September 1921, as part of the initial equipment of the Afghan Air Force, along with a Farman HF.4 and a Sopwith 1½ Strutter. It still existed in December 1924.[2]
 France
 Estonia
 Greece
 Latvia
 Japan
 Poland
 Romania
 Russia
 Serbia
Thailand Siam
 Turkey
 United Kingdom
 Soviet Union
United States
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Specifications (Nieuport 24bis.)

Data from[citation needed]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 5.88 m (19 ft 3½ in)
  • Wingspan: 8.18 m (26 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 2.44 m (8 ft)
  • Empty weight: 354 kg (782 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 544 kg (1,200 lb)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 187 km/h (116 mph)
  • Range: 249.44 km (155 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 5,550 m (18,200 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 3.78 meters per second (745.45 feet per minute)

Armament

See also

Notes

  1. [1]
  2. Andersson Air Enthusiast May/June 2003, p. 20.
  3. http://www.vazduhoplovnetradicijesrbije.rs/index.php/istorija/106-nijepor-24
  4. Bruce 1982, p. 336.

References

  • Taylor, John W. R., and Jean Alexander. "Combat Aircraft of the World" New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1969 Pg.115 Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 68-25459
  • Andersson, Lennart. "Turbulent Origins: The First 30 Years of Aviation in Afghanistan". Air Enthusiast, No. 105, May/June 2003. pp. 19–27. ISSN 0143-5450.
  • Bruce, Jack M. "More Nieuport Classics". Air Enthusiast, Number Five, November 1977-February 1978. Bromley, Kent, UK: Pilot Press. pp. 14–28.
  • Bruce, J.M. The Aeroplanes of the Royal Flying Corps (Military Wing). London:Putnam, 1982. ISBN 0-370-30084-X.
  • Cheesman E.F. (ed.) Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War Letchworth, Harletford Publications, 1960 pp. 96–97
  • Nieuport Fighters in Action published by Squadron/Signal Publications.
  • Janić Č, Petrović O, Short History of Aviation in Serbia, Beograd, Aerokomunikacije, 2011. ISBN 978-86-913973-2-6

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