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12 Warlords

Ngô Nhật Khánh (Hán tự: 吳日慶, died 979), formally Prince An (安王), was a Vietnamese warlord during the Period of the 12 Warlords.

Khánh was a grandson of Ngô Quyền. He occupied Đường Lâm (mordern Sơn Tây, Hanoi), and titled himself Ngô Lãm Công (吳覽公).[1][2]

Khánh was defeated by Đinh Bộ Lĩnh in 968. Đinh Bộ Lĩnh married his mother. Khánh also married a daughter of Đinh Bộ Lĩnh, and one of his sisters married Đinh Liễn. But Khánh hated Đinh Bộ Lĩnh intensely. He subsequently took his wife and children and hastened to Champa. Arriving at a seaport on the southern border, he drew a dagger from his waist and slashed his wife's face, scolding her by saying:

"Your father coerced and ravished my mother and younger sister; how can I, just because of you, forget your father’s cruelty? You go back; I will go a different way to look for those who can help me.” He was exiled in Champa.[3][4]

In October 979, Đinh Bộ Lĩnh and Đinh Liễn were killed by a eunuch named Đỗ Thích while they were sleeping in the palace courtyard, and the country felt into chaos. After hearing the news, Khánh encouraged Paramesvaravarman I, the king of Champa, to invade Đại Việt. His hope was dashed when a storm destroyed much of the Champa fleet. He fell overboard and drowned.[3][5]


  1. Việt Nam sử lược, Quyển 1, Phần 3, Chương 1
  2. Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư, Peripheral Records vol. 5
  3. 3.0 3.1 Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư, Basic Records vol. 1
  4. Kiernan 2019, p. 142.
  5. Kiernan 2019, p. 144.


  • Kiernan, Ben (2019). Việt Nam: a history from earliest time to the present. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190053796. 

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