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During the remaining period of Imam Ahmad's rule, Sayf al-Islam al-Badr held the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs and from 1958 he was also the Imam's deputy over Sana'a.
 
During the remaining period of Imam Ahmad's rule, Sayf al-Islam al-Badr held the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs and from 1958 he was also the Imam's deputy over Sana'a.
   
Like most young Arab leaders of his generation, Al-Badr had been a great admirer of the [[Egypt]]ian President [[Gamal Abdel Nasser]]. So in 1959 while he was in charge of Yemen for a few months during Imam Ahmad's absence in Italy for medical treatment, he arranged for [[Egypt]]ian experts to come and help modernize the Yemen in all fields, including the military. His father annulled these upon his return.{{Citation needed|date=April 2014}}
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Like most young Arab leaders of his generation, Al-Badr had been a great admirer of the [[Egypt]]ian President [[Gamal Abdel Nasser]]. So in 1959 while he was in charge of Yemen for a few months during Imam Ahmad's absence in Italy for medical treatment, he arranged for [[Egypt]]ian experts to come and help modernize the Yemen in all fields, including the military. His father annulled these upon his return.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}
   
 
An assassination attempt on the life of Imam Ahmad in March 1961 left the latter gravely crippled, so in October Sayf al-Islam al-Badr took over effective control of the government. On 19 September 1962 Ahmad died in his sleep, al-Badr was proclaimed Imam and King and took the title of al-Mansur.
 
An assassination attempt on the life of Imam Ahmad in March 1961 left the latter gravely crippled, so in October Sayf al-Islam al-Badr took over effective control of the government. On 19 September 1962 Ahmad died in his sleep, al-Badr was proclaimed Imam and King and took the title of al-Mansur.
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A week later rebels shelled his residence, [[Dar al-Bashair]], in the Bir al-Azab district of Sana'a whence on September 26, 1962, [[Abdullah as-Sallal]], whom al-Badr had appointed commander of the royal guard, staged a coup, and declared himself president of the [[Yemen Arab Republic]].
 
A week later rebels shelled his residence, [[Dar al-Bashair]], in the Bir al-Azab district of Sana'a whence on September 26, 1962, [[Abdullah as-Sallal]], whom al-Badr had appointed commander of the royal guard, staged a coup, and declared himself president of the [[Yemen Arab Republic]].
   
Al-Badr escaped to the north of [[North Yemen]], and rallied tribes that support him in opposition to Sallal. Fighting erupted between the two groups, starting the [[North Yemen Civil War]]. Al-Badr started getting support from Saudi Arabia, while the republicans received support from [[Egypt]].{{Citation needed|date=April 2014}}
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Al-Badr escaped to the north of [[North Yemen]], and rallied tribes that support him in opposition to Sallal. Fighting erupted between the two groups, starting the [[North Yemen Civil War]]. Al-Badr started getting support from Saudi Arabia, while the republicans received support from [[Egypt]].{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}
   
Although the revolution had announced to the world that al-Badr had died beneath the rubble of his palace,{{Citation needed|date=April 2014}} he had in fact managed to escape unhurt and set out to the north. As he proceeded on his journey the tribes rallied round him pledging him their unconditional allegiance as Amir al-Mumineen ("Prince of the Faithful"). These tribes were Zaydi Shia for whom unstinted loyalty to an imam from the Ahl al-Bayt (the descendants of the Prophet) was a fundamental obligation of their religion.{{Citation needed|date=April 2014}} A few days later he held a press conference over the border in south-west Saudi Arabia. His uncle Sayf al-Islam al-Hasan, who had been abroad and had been proclaimed Imam at the news of al-Badr's alleged demise, immediately gave allegiance to him together with all the princes of the Hamid al-Din family.{{Citation needed|date=April 2014}} Soon the entire tribal confederation of Bakil along with most of Hashid who occupied the central and northern highlands of Yemen and who had been Zaydis for centuries joined enthusiastically the cause of the Imam and the princes to fight the revolutionary regime.
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Although the revolution had announced to the world that al-Badr had died beneath the rubble of his palace,{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}} he had in fact managed to escape unhurt and set out to the north. As he proceeded on his journey the tribes rallied round him pledging him their unconditional allegiance as Amir al-Mumineen ("Prince of the Faithful"). These tribes were Zaydi Shia for whom unstinted loyalty to an imam from the Ahl al-Bayt (the descendants of the Prophet) was a fundamental obligation of their religion.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}} A few days later he held a press conference over the border in south-west Saudi Arabia. His uncle Sayf al-Islam al-Hasan, who had been abroad and had been proclaimed Imam at the news of al-Badr's alleged demise, immediately gave allegiance to him together with all the princes of the Hamid al-Din family.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}} Soon the entire tribal confederation of Bakil along with most of Hashid who occupied the central and northern highlands of Yemen and who had been Zaydis for centuries joined enthusiastically the cause of the Imam and the princes to fight the revolutionary regime.
   
During the bloody civil war which continued for eight years al-Badr, like his cousins, played a vital role. He lived alongside his men the life of a warrior, sharing with them every deprivation and hardship.{{Citation needed|date=April 2014}} He set up his headquarters in various places in the scenically spectacular mountainous north-west Yemen, on Jebal Qara, for instance, in the region of Hajur al-Sham and at al-Muhabisha high up above the Tihama plain. These HQs situated in caves fitted out with every basic facility deep in the mountainside were nevertheless constantly under the threat of Egyptian bombardment from the air. In 1967 al-Badr left his HQ at Mabyan near Hajjah for Taif in Saudi Arabia, where he stayed until the end of the war.{{Citation needed|date=April 2014}}
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During the bloody civil war which continued for eight years al-Badr, like his cousins, played a vital role. He lived alongside his men the life of a warrior, sharing with them every deprivation and hardship.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}} He set up his headquarters in various places in the scenically spectacular mountainous north-west Yemen, on Jebal Qara, for instance, in the region of Hajur al-Sham and at al-Muhabisha high up above the Tihama plain. These HQs situated in caves fitted out with every basic facility deep in the mountainside were nevertheless constantly under the threat of Egyptian bombardment from the air. In 1967 al-Badr left his HQ at Mabyan near Hajjah for Taif in Saudi Arabia, where he stayed until the end of the war.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}
   
In 1970, despite the fact that territorially most of the Yemen remained under the control of al-Badr and the Hamid al-Din family,{{Citation needed|date=April 2014}} Saudi Arabia, which had been the principal opponent of the Sana'a regime,{{Citation needed|date=April 2014}} recognized the [[Yemen Arab Republic]] and other nations like the [[United Kingdom]] swiftly followed suit.{{Citation needed|date=April 2014}}
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In 1970, despite the fact that territorially most of the Yemen remained under the control of al-Badr and the Hamid al-Din family,{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}} Saudi Arabia, which had been the principal opponent of the Sana'a regime,{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}} recognized the [[Yemen Arab Republic]] and other nations like the [[United Kingdom]] swiftly followed suit.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}
   
Stunned by Saudi Arabia's recognition of the republican regime which had been negotiated without any consultation with him whatsoever, al-Badr refused to stay any longer in Saudi Arabia and demanded that he be permitted to leave the kingdom immediately. He went to England, where he lived quietly in a modest house in Kent, only going abroad to visit the holy cities of Mecca and Medina and to call on relatives and friends in that part of the world.{{Citation needed|date=April 2014}}
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Stunned by Saudi Arabia's recognition of the republican regime which had been negotiated without any consultation with him whatsoever, al-Badr refused to stay any longer in Saudi Arabia and demanded that he be permitted to leave the kingdom immediately. He went to England, where he lived quietly in a modest house in Kent, only going abroad to visit the holy cities of Mecca and Medina and to call on relatives and friends in that part of the world.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}
   
 
He died in 1996 in London, and is buried in [[Brookwood Cemetery]] in [[Woking]], in Surrey.<ref name="royalark.net">{{cite web|url=http://www.royalark.net/Yemen/yemen3.htm|title=Yemen3|accessdate=29 November 2016}}</ref>
 
He died in 1996 in London, and is buried in [[Brookwood Cemetery]] in [[Woking]], in Surrey.<ref name="royalark.net">{{cite web|url=http://www.royalark.net/Yemen/yemen3.htm|title=Yemen3|accessdate=29 November 2016}}</ref>

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