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The Mughal-Sikh Wars were a series of escalating conflicts between the Mughal Empire and the Sikhs waged between 1628 and 1715. The causes include Sikh interference in Mughal dynastical struggles, Mughal persecution of Sikhs after initial acceptance by Emperor Akbar, and Sikh separatism and claims to worldly power by the Sikh gurus. Despite intermittent successes and a resistance noted by Mughal chroniclers for its bravery with Guru Tegh Bahadur arrested and executed in 1675, the Sikh stronghold of Anandpur captured by the Mughals in 1704 after two sieges and Guru Gobind Singh assassinated in 1708 on orders of the Mughal governor of Sirhind, Wazir Khan. Gobind Singh's successor as military commander of the Sikhs, Banda Singh Bahadur, stormed Sirhind in 1710 and had Wazir Khan (Sirhind) beheaded and established First Sikh rule in Punjab.Despite a resurgence of Sikh power after the death of Bahadur Shah and a Mughal succession struggle, the Sikhs, resorting to guerilla tactics, were driven back into the Himalayas, and in 1715 the Sikh stronghold Gurdas Nangal near Gurdaspur was captured by the Mughals after an eight-month siege. Banda Singh Bahadur and more than 700 Sikhs were captured and tortured to death.

Battles

  1. Battle of Rohilla
  2. Battle of Kartarpur
  3. Battle of Amritsar (1634)
  4. Battle of Lahira.
  5. Battle of Bhangani[1][2]
  6. Battle of Nadaun
  7. Battle of Basoli[3]
  8. First Battle of Anandpur
  9. Second Battle of Anandpur
  10. Battle of Nirmohgarh (1702)
  11. First Battle of Chamkaur (1702).[4]
  12. Battle of Sarsa
  13. Second Battle of Chamkaur (1704)[5][6]
  14. Battle of Muktsar
  15. Battle of Sonepat[7]
  16. Battle of Ambala
  17. Battle of Samana
  18. Battle of Chappar Chiri
  19. Battle of Sadhaura[8][9][10][11]
  20. Battle of Rahon (1710)
  21. Battle of Lohgarh
  22. Battle of Jammu
  23. Kapuri expedition
  24. Battle of Jalalabad (1710)
  25. Siege of Gurdaspur or Battle of Gurdas Nangal
  26. Siege of Ram Rauni
  27. Sikh Occupation of Delhi (1783)

References

  1. Bichitra Natak. Chapter 8, Chaupai 34
  2. Raj Pal Singh (2004). The Sikhs : Their Journey Of Five Hundred Years. Pentagon Press. p. 35. ISBN 9788186505465. https://books.google.com/books?id=ra19YSPDliQC&pg=PA21&dq=hargobind+jahangir&hl=en&sa=X&ei=8diGVN_VJ5STuATmvoKYCQ&ved=0CEUQ6AEwCDgU#v=onepage&q=hargobind%20jahangir&f=false. 
  3. Surjit Singh Gandhi (2007). History of Sikh Gurus Retold: 1606-1708 C.E. Atlantic Publishers & Dist.. p. 820. ISBN 9788126908585. https://books.google.com/books?id=vZFBp89UInUC&pg=PA505&dq=hargobind+jahangir&hl=en&sa=X&ei=S92GVImbDcTmuQTXvYCoBQ&ved=0CDsQ6AEwBjgK#v=onepage&q=hargobind%20jahangir&f=false. 
  4. Surjit Singh Gandhi (2007). History of Sikh Gurus Retold: 1606-1708 C.E. Atlantic Publishers & Dist.. p. 822. ISBN 9788126908585. https://books.google.com/books?id=vZFBp89UInUC&pg=PA822&dq=hargobind+jahangir&hl=en&sa=X&ei=S92GVImbDcTmuQTXvYCoBQ&ved=0CDsQ6AEwBjgK#v=onepage&q=hargobind%20jahangir&f=false. 
  5. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=_vQtDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT144&lpg=PT144&dq=battle+of+chamkaur+evidence&source=bl&ots=j2rh0LWW1l&sig=LEWsYRk2aAGngf45K3uZndz4SVQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi02vz7i5PYAhURR48KHeOXDMY4ChDoAQhAMAQ#v=onepage&q=battle%20of%20chamkaur%20evidence&f=false
  6. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=aUUfAQAAQBAJ&pg=PA98&lpg=PA98&dq=battle+of+chamkaur+evidence&source=bl&ots=mEIi4G1Nan&sig=umP0FJ9ikFX2sndO4xMTfRk_Unc&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi02vz7i5PYAhURR48KHeOXDMY4ChDoAQhFMAY#v=onepage&q=battle%20of%20chamkaur%20evidence&f=false
  7. History of Islam, p. 506, at Google Books
  8. Sagoo, Harbans (2001). Banda Singh Bahadur and Sikh Sovereignty. Deep & Deep Publications. https://archive.org/stream/BandaSinghBahadurAndSikhSovereignty/BandaSinghBahadurAndSikhSovereignty_djvu.txt. 
  9. Raj Pal Singh (2004). The Sikhs : Their Journey Of Five Hundred Years. Pentagon Press. pp. 46–47. ISBN 9788186505465. https://books.google.com/books?id=ra19YSPDliQC&pg=PA21&dq=hargobind+jahangir&hl=en&sa=X&ei=8diGVN_VJ5STuATmvoKYCQ&ved=0CEUQ6AEwCDgU#v=onepage&q=hargobind%20jahangir&f=false. 
  10. History of Islam, p. 506, at Google Books
  11. Singha, H.S. (2005). Sikh Studies, Book 7. Hemkunt Press. p. 34. ISBN 9788170102458. 

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