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Type AR, MS.35
Role Trainer
National origin France
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
First flight 1915
Primary user Aéronautique Militaire
Number built >400

The Morane-Saulnier AR was a trainer aircraft produced in France during and after the First World War.[1][2] Developed from the Morane-Saulnier LA reconnaissance aircraft, it was a wire-braced parasol-wing monoplane of conventional design with two open cockpits in tandem and cross-axle-style tailskid undercarriage.[2] Construction was mostly of fabric-covered wood, but the forward fuselage was skinned in metal.[1]

Large-scale production commenced after the Armistice, with the type now designated MS.35, in a number of subtypes differentiated principally in the engine used.[1][2] Although Morane-Saulnier hoped to sell the type on the civil market as a touring machine,[3] most of the 400 examples built saw service with the French Army, but others were used by the Navy and still others exported to foreign air arms.[1][2] The MS.35s remained in service in France until 1929, after which time some were sold to the nation's flying clubs.[2]

Variants

  • Type AR
  • MS.35R - main production version with Le Rhône 9C engine
  • MS.35A - version with Anzani engine
  • MS.35C - version with Clerget 9C engine

Operators

 France
 Argentina
 Belgium
 Bolivia
 Brazil
 Greece
 Guatemala
 Paraguay
 Poland
  • (70 examples)
 Romania
 Soviet Union
  Switzerland
 Turkey
United States
 Uruguay

Specifications (MS.35R)

Data from "Morane-Saulnier Type AR (M.S.35)"

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two, pilot and instructor
  • Length: 6.30 m (20 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.57 m (34 ft 8 in)
  • Gross weight: 764 kg (1,680 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhône 9C, 60 kW (80 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 125 km/h (78 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 4,600 m (15,100 ft)

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Taylor 1989, 684
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft", 2538
  3. "The Paris Aero Show 1919", 64

References

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