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A Lavochkin La-5F in the markings of the squadron, with the «Монгольский арат» nose art of the squadron.

The Mongolian Arat Air Squadron (Russian: эскадрилья «Монгольский арат», Mongolian language: "Монгол ард" нисэх онгоцны эскадриль, tr. "Mongol ard" nisekh ongotsny eskadril) was a Soviet Air Force fighter squadron, funded by contributions from the Mongolian People's Republic, during World War II and the Cold War. "Arat" (Russian: арат) means a nomadic pastoralist or herdsman, but was often used as an equivalent of "people's" by the Mongolian communist movement.

In March 1943, following the presentation of the "Revolutionary Mongolian" tank regiment to the Red Army, the Little Khural (or parliament) of Mongolia, under Gonchigiin Bumtsend, announced its intention to fund a fighter squadron within the Soviet Air Force.[1] The squadron was given Lavochkin La-5 fighters and formed part of the 2nd Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (ru).

The Squadron's commander, Aleksandr Ivanovich Maiorov (ru), was awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union medal.


  1. Sanders 2010, p. l.


  • Sanders, Alan J. K. (2010). Historical Dictionary of Mongolia (3rd ed.). Plymouth: Scarecrow Press. 

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