Military Wiki
Mohamud "Adde" Muse Hersi
محمد موسى حرسي
President of Puntland

In office
8 January 2005 – 8 January 2009
Preceded by Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed
Succeeded by Abdirahman Mohamud Farole
Personal details
Born (1937-07-01)1 July 1937
Died 8 February 2017(2017-02-08) (aged 79)
United Arab Emirates
Religion Islam

Mohamud "Adde" Muse Hersi (Somali language: Maxamuud Muuse Xirsi Cadde , Arabic language: محمد موسى حرسي‎; 1 July 1937 – 8 February 2017) was a Somali politician. He was the President of the Puntland region of Somalia from 8 January 2005 to 8 January 2009.[1]


A former General in the Somali Armed Forces of long-time Somali president Mohamed Siad Barre, Muse later became a local and state governor in northern Somalia before the outbreak of the Somali Civil War.

  • 1963 – 1965 Secretariat to The Chief of Military Forces[2]
  • 1965 – 1967 Chairman of Horseed political party
  • 1970 – 1972 Commander of the 21st Division, Somali National Army
  • 1972 – 1973 Chief of Training, Somali Military Forces

He also served as a military attaché to China during the mid to late 1970s. After his stint in China, he later relocated to Canada in 1979, where he owned and managed several gas stations until the mid-1990s.[3]

Muse died in the United Arab Emirates on 8 February 2017.[4]

President of Puntland

In March 2005, then incumbent President Muse began an ambitious plan to build an airport in Puntland's commercial capital of Bosaso, a project which is now complete and referred to as Bender Qassim International Airport.[5][6] The following month, Unicef praised a pledge from Muse who promised to inaugurate salary payments for primary school teachers, which would mark a major break from the norm in Somalia where, traditionally parents have had to bear full responsibility for the payment of teachers.[7]

In November 2006, the Union of Islamic Courts reportedly captured Bandiiradley, a strategically located settlement near Puntland's border with Mudug. However, a spokesman for local warlord Abdi Hassan Awale Qeybdiid claimed that his troops had only made a tactical retreat from the area. Mohamed Mohamud Jama, a Mudug-based spokesman for the Islamic Courts, announced the courts' intention to march on Gaalkacyo, part of which is claimed by Puntland. Heretofore, the courts had avoided making incursions into Puntland.[8] That same month, General Adde announced that he would rule according to Islamic law but in a different way from that of the Islamic Courts in order to avoid "politicising religion." Adde then announced that Puntland would resist any attack made by the Islamic Courts.[9]

During the 2008 election year, Puntland saw a spike in piracy. Then incumbent President Mohamud Muse Hersi was quoted on Al Jazeera as saying that "giving in to the pirates' demands was not an option. We do not advocate for any ransom to be paid to the pirates and we support the French government, which uses force, while taking on the pirates".[10]

On October 2008, Muse also signed a Dh170 million agreement with Dubai's Lootah Group to support the construction of an airport, seaport and free zone in the coastal city of Bosaso. Muse indicated that "I believe that when we finish all these projects our people will benefit by getting good health services, education and overall prosperity."[11]

Muse's term as President of Puntland ended in January 2009.


  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-11. Retrieved 2013-03-19. 
  3. "Former Ottawa gas station operator rules home state of Somalia pirates". cbc. 2008-11-26. Retrieved 2008-11-26. 
  4. "Somalia: Former Puntland President dies in UAE" (in en-US). 8 February 2017. 
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-20. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-11-07. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  7. "lauds Somali leader’s pledge to pay primary school teachers | Press centre". UNICEF. Retrieved 2017-02-09. 
  8. "Islamists 'take key Somali town'". BBC News. BBC. 2006-11-12. Retrieved 2006-11-13. 
  9. Puntland 'to fight Islamic courts', Al Jazeera, 21 November 2006
  10. "US ship in Kenya after hijack drama". Al Jazeera English. 2009-04-12. Retrieved 2017-02-09. 
  11. "Puntland: The land of opportunity". 2008-11-08. Retrieved 2017-02-09. 


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