The 2003 Mission Accomplished speech gets its name from a banner that read "Mission Accomplished" displayed on the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln during a televised address by United States President George W. Bush on May 1, 2003 and the controversy that followed.
Bush stated at the time that this was the end to major combat operations in Iraq. Bush's assertion—and the sign itself—became controversial after guerrilla warfare in Iraq increased during the Iraqi insurgency. The vast majority of casualties, both military and civilian, occurred after the speech.
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On May 1, 2003, Bush became the first sitting President to make an arrested landing in a fixed-wing aircraft on an aircraft carrier when he arrived at the USS Abraham Lincoln in a Lockheed S-3 Viking, dubbed Navy One, as the carrier lay just off the San Diego coast, having returned from combat operations in the Persian Gulf. He posed for photographs with pilots and members of the ship's crew while wearing a flight suit. A few hours later, he gave a speech announcing the end of major combat operations in the Iraq War. Far above him was the warship's banner stating "Mission Accomplished."
Bush was criticized for the historic jet landing on the carrier as an overly theatrical and expensive stunt. For instance, it was pointed out that the carrier was well within range of Bush's helicopter, and that a jet landing was not needed. Originally the White House had stated that the carrier was too far off the California coast for a helicopter landing and a jet would be needed to reach it. On the day of the speech, the Lincoln was only 30 miles (48 km) from shore but the administration still decided to go ahead with the jet landing. White House spokesman Ari Fleischer admitted that Bush "could have helicoptered, but the plan was already in place. Plus, he wanted to see a landing the way aviators see a landing." The Lincoln made a scheduled stop in Pearl Harbor shortly before the speech, docked in San Diego after the speech, and returned to her home port in Everett, Washington on May 6, 2003.
The S-3 that served as "Navy One" was retired from service and placed on display at the National Museum of Naval Aviation in Pensacola, Florida on July 17, 2003. The museum makes it clear that Bush was a passenger – not the pilot – of the plane. While Bush trained and served as a jet pilot in the Air National Guard flying F-102 fighter-interceptors, he was never trained to land on a carrier.
The banner stating "Mission Accomplished" was a focal point of controversy and criticism. Navy Commander and Pentagon spokesman Conrad Chun said the banner referred specifically to the aircraft carrier's 10-month deployment (which was the longest deployment of a carrier since the Vietnam War) and not the war itself, saying "It truly did signify a mission accomplished for the crew."
The White House claimed that the banner was requested by the crew of the ship, who did not have the facilities for producing such a banner. Afterward, the administration and naval sources stated that the banner was the Navy's idea, White House staff members made the banner, and it was hung by the U.S. Navy personnel. White House spokesman Scott McClellan told CNN, "We took care of the production of it. We have people to do those things. But the Navy actually put it up." According to John Dickerson of Time magazine, the White House later conceded that they hung the banner but still insists it had been done at the request of the crew members.
Whether meant for the crew or not, the general impression created by the image of Bush under the banner has been criticized as premature, especially later as the guerrilla war began. Subsequently, the White House released a statement saying that the sign and Bush's visit referred to the initial invasion of Iraq. Bush's speech noted:
- "We have difficult work to do in Iraq. We are bringing order to parts of that country that remain dangerous."
- "Our mission continues...The War on Terror continues, yet it is not endless. We do not know the day of final victory, but we have seen the turning of the tide."
The speech also said that:
- "In the Battle of Iraq, the United States and our allies have prevailed."
When he received an advance copy of the speech, U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld took care to remove any use of the phrase "Mission Accomplished" in the speech itself. Later, when journalist Bob Woodward asked him about his changes to the speech, Rumsfeld responded: "I was in Baghdad, and I was given a draft of that thing to look at. And I just died, and I said my God, it's too conclusive. And I fixed it and sent it back... they fixed the speech, but not the sign."
Bush did offer a "Mission Accomplished" message to the troops in Afghanistan at Camp As Sayliyah on June 5, 2003 – about a month after the aircraft carrier speech: "America sent you on a mission to remove a grave threat and to liberate an oppressed people, and that mission has been accomplished."
For critics of the war, the photo-op became a symbol of the Bush administration's unrealistic goals and perceptions of the conflict. Anti-war activists questioned the integrity and realism of Bush's "major combat" statement. The banner came to symbolize the irony of Bush giving a victory speech only a few weeks after the beginning of a relatively long war. Many in the administration came to regret the slogan. Karl Rove later stated, "I wish the banner was not up there."
In a less publicized incident, Rumsfeld also declared an end to major combat operations in Afghanistan on May 1, a few hours before Bush's announcement.
In November 2008, Bush indicated that he regretted the use of the banner, stating in a CNN interview, "To some, it said, well, 'Bush thinks the war in Iraq is over,' when I didn't think that. It conveyed the wrong message."
In January 2009, Bush said that "Clearly, putting 'Mission Accomplished' on an aircraft carrier was a mistake".
Iraq War opponents have used the phrase "mission accomplished" in an ironic sense, while others have non-politically cited it as an example of a general public relations failure. In addition, some mainstream outlets questioned the state of the war with derivatives of this statement. For example, the October 6, 2003 cover of Time featured the headline "Mission Not Accomplished." On April 30, 2008, White House Press Secretary Dana Perino said "President Bush is well aware that the banner should have been much more specific and said 'mission accomplished for these sailors who are on this ship on their mission.' And we have certainly paid a price for not being more specific on that banner." On May 5, 2008, The Daily Show mocked her statement by producing a graphic of what such a sign might have looked like.
- In March 2008 a book entitled Mission Accomplished! (or How We Won the War in Iraq) was released. A continuation of the "Experts Speak" series from the Institute of Expertology, this book by Christopher Cerf and Victor Navasky, with illustrations by Robert Grossman, is a compilation of hundreds of quotations from prominent figures in the media and government concerning military operations in Iraq.
- The May 10, 2009 episode of The Simpsons, entitled "Four Great Women and a Manicure", depicted Queen Elizabeth I (as played by Patty Bouvier) standing under a "Miſſion Accompliſhed" banner on the shores of England, prior to a battle between the heavily outnumbered British Navy and the Spanish Armada.
- The 2005 song Dirty Harry from British alternative band Gorillaz' contains the lyrics "The war is over so says the speaker with the flight suit on", a reference to the jet landing on the carrier.
- "Viking (S-3B)". National Museum of Naval Aviation. Archived from the original on January 13, 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090113013818/http://collections.naval.aviation.museum/emuwebdoncoms/pages/doncoms/Display.php?irn=6671&QueryPage=%2FQuery.php. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- Lyke, M.L. (May 2, 2003). "Commander in chief's visit sets aircraft carrier's crew abuzz". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://www.seattlepi.com/local/120279_lincolnsub.html. Retrieved April 20, 2009.
- Richard Nixon had landed aboard the USS Hornet in a helicopter for the Apollo 11 recovery, but not in an arrested landing. Blair, Don (2004). Splashdown! NASA and the Navy. Turner Publishing Company. p. 161. ISBN 978-1-56311-985-9. OCLC 56563004. http://books.google.com/books?id=sKhTmObavHIC. Retrieved April 20, 2009.
- "'Mission Accomplished' Whodunit". CBS News. October 29, 2003. Archived from the original on June 18, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060618021832/http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/10/29/iraq/main580661.shtml. Retrieved June 7, 2006.
- Byron York on Presidential Lies on National Review Online
- 'Mission Accomplished' Whodunit – Oct. 29, 2003
- "White House pressed on 'mission accomplished' sign". CNN. October 27, 2003. http://www.cnn.com/2003/ALLPOLITICS/10/28/mission.accomplished/. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
- "Bush's 'Bannergate' Shuffle". Time. November 1, 2003. Archived from the original on September 12, 2012. https://archive.is/XkBb. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
- "Text Of Bush Speech". CBS News. May 1, 2003. Archived from the original on May 25, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060525022143/http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/05/01/iraq/main551946.shtml. Retrieved June 7, 2006.
- DefenseLink News Transcript: Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld Interviews with Mr. Bob Woodward – July 6 and 7, 2006
- Keen, Judy (June 5, 2003). "Bush to troops: Mission accomplished". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/iraq/2003-06-05-bush-qatar_x.htm. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
- "'Mission Accomplished' Revisited". CBS News. April 30, 2004. Archived from the original on May 28, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060528005524/http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2004/04/30/politics/main614998.shtml. Retrieved June 7, 2006.
- "Rumsfeld: Major combat over in Afghanistan". CNN. May 1, 2003. http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/asiapcf/central/05/01/afghan.combat/. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
- Bush Says He Regrets Use of Iraq `Mission Accomplished' Banner, Holly Roswenkrantz, Nov 12, 2008, Bloomberg News.
- "Seeking a Legacy, Bush Cites Security". Time. January 12, 2009. http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1871060,00.html. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
- "Mission Not Accomplished". Time. June 10, 2003. Archived from the original on April 20, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20100420002931/http://www.time.com/time/covers/1101031006/. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
- White House Press Briefing for April 30, 2008
- May 5, 2008 The Daily Show clip commenting on the famous banner.
- Commander in Chief lands on USS Lincoln CNN.com, May 2, 2003
- President Bush Announces Major Combat Operations in Iraq Have Ended, White House transcript of Bush's speech, May 1, 2003
- "'Mission Accomplished' Whodunit", "CBS News", October 29, 2003.
- 'Mission Accomplished' Whodunit CBSnews.com, October 29, 2003
- White House press release discussing/explaining 'Mission Accomplished' banner, October 29, 2003
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