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Ministry of National Defense
國防部
Guófángbù
ROC Ministry of National Defense Flag.svg
Flag of the Ministry of National Defense, R.O.C. (Taiwan)
ROC Ministry of National Defense Seal.svg
Emblem of the Ministry of National Defense, R.O.C. (Taiwan)
Agency overview
Formed 1912 (as Ministry of War)
1946 (as MND)
Jurisdiction  Republic of China
Headquarters Zhongshan District, Taipei City, Republic of China
Ministers responsible
Parent agency Executive Yuan
Website www.mnd.gov.tw

The Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of China (MND; Chinese: 中華民國國防部; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Guófángbù) is a cabinet-level agency under the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China responsible for all defense and military affairs of Taiwan. The MND is currently headed by Minister Kao Kuang-chi.

History

ROC Ministry of National Defense headquarters

ROC Ministry of National Defense former headquarters

The MND was originally established as Ministry of War in 1912 at the creation of the Republic of China. It was changed to the Ministry of National Defense in 1946. The Law of National Defense and the Organic Law of the ministry were officially promulgated for implementation on 1 March 2002.[4]

On 8 December 2014, the ministry moved out from its building from the previous one at Zhongzheng District to the current one in Dazhi area at Zhongshan District, where it houses the Air Force Command Headquarters, Navy Command Headquarters and Hengshan Military Command Center.[5] The completion of the building had been delayed for nearly two decades due to the compound original architecture and the bankruptcy of the project's original contractor. The planning for the new building and relocation had been done since 1997.[6] The official ribbon-cutting ceremony was held on 27 December 2014.[7]

Headquarter building

The headquarter building of the military is located in Dazhi area of Zhongshan District in Taipei. The 8-story main building was constructed at a cost of NT$15.8 billion, spreading over 19.5 hectares of area, which houses office buildings, dormitories and other facilities, such as post office, barbershop, sports center, conference hall and sport center to accommodate its 3,000 military personnel stationed there. It also includes several annex buildings around.[8]

Security features of the building including fingerprint and eye scanners that restrict access to certain areas, sensors that can detect vehicles in the unauthorized areas and that may carry explosives and bollards on the compound to block unauthorized vehicles. The compound also has eco-friendly features, such as stone walls, aluminum and low-emission exterior glass panels. The central air conditioning system is provided by ice storage system to reduce peak load electricity demand. The building also has rainwater collecting facilities which can store up to 1,000 tons of water, complete with its waste water treatment and filtering systems.[7]

Organizational structure

Armed Forces Reserve Command

Air Force Command Headquarters

Procurement Office

Armaments Bureau

Military institutions

  • Armed Forces Reserve Command (後備指揮部)
  • Military Police Command (憲兵指揮部)

Military authorities

  • Army Command Headquarters (陸軍司令部)
  • Navy Command Headquarters (海軍司令部)
  • Air Force Command Headquarters (空軍司令部)

Headquarter department

  • Department of Strategic Planning
  • Department of Resources Planning
  • Department of Military Justice
  • Department of Integrated Assessment
  • Office of the Inspector General
  • All-out Defense Mobilization Office
  • Procurement Office
  • Administration Office
  • Personnel Office
  • Ethics Office
  • Accounting Office

Affiliated authorities

Department

  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Personnel
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Intelligence
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Operations and Planning
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for General Staff for Logistics
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Communications, Electronics and Information
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Training[9]

List of Ministers of War

Duan Qirui, the 1st Minister of War

1.歷代陸軍總長:

  • Duan Qirui (段祺瑞):1912–1915; 1st time
  • Zhou Ziqi (周自齊):1913–1914; 1st time
  • Wang Shizhen (王士珍):1914–1916; 1st time
  • Duan Qirui (段祺瑞):1916–1917; 2nd time
  • Zhang Shiyu (張士鈺):1917; 1st time
  • Wang Shizhen (王士珍):1917; 2nd time
  • Duan Qirui (段祺瑞):1917; 3rd time
  • Wang Shizhen (王士珍):1917–1918; 3rd time
  • Duan Zhigui (段芝貴):1918–1919; 1st time
  • Jin Yunpeng (靳雲鵬):1919–1921; 1st time
  • Cai Chengxun (蔡成勛):1921; 1st time
  • Bao Guiqing (鮑貴卿):1921–1922; 1st time
  • Wu Peifu (吳佩孚):1922; 1st time
  • Zhang Shaozeng (張紹增):1922–1923; 1st time
  • Wang Tan (王坦):1923; 1st time
  • Jin Shaozeng (金紹曾):1923–1924; 2nd time
  • Lu Jin (陸錦):1924; 1st time
  • Li Shucheng (李書城):1924; 1st time
  • Wu Guangxin (吳光新):1924–1925; 1st time
  • Jia Deyao (賈德耀):1925–1926; 1st time
  • Zhang Jinghui (張景惠):1926–1927; 1st time
  • He Fenglin (何豐林):1927–1928; 1st time

1.歷代軍政部長:

2.歷代海軍總長:

  • Liu Guanxiong (劉冠雄):1912–1916; 1st time
  • Cheng Biguang (程璧光):1916–1917; 1st time
  • Sa Zhenbing (薩鎮冰):1917; 1st time
  • Liu Guanxiong (劉冠雄):1917–1919; 2nd time
  • Sa Zhenbing (薩鎮冰):1919–1921; 2nd time
  • Li Dingxin (李鼎新):1921–1924; 2nd time
  • Du Xigui (杜鍚圭):1924; 1st time
  • Lin Jianzhang (林建章):1924–1925; 1st time
  • Du Xigui (杜鍚圭):1925–1927; 2nd time

2.歷代海軍部長:

3.歷代參謀總長:

  • Huang Xing (黄興):1912; 1st time
  • Xu Shaozhen(徐紹楨):1912; 1st time
  • Li Yuanhong (黎元洪):1912–1915; 1st time
  • Feng Guozhang (馮國璋):1915–1916; 1st time
  • Duan Qirui (段祺瑞):1916; 1st time
  • Wang Shizhen (王士珍):1916–1917; 1st time
  • Yin Chang (蔭昌):1917–1919; 1st time
  • Zhang Huaizhi (張懷芝):1919–1924; 1st time
  • Li Liejun (李烈鈞):1924–1925; 1st time
  • Yang Sen (楊森):1925–1926; 1st time
  • Liu Ruxian (劉汝賢):1926; 1st time
  • Liu Xiang (劉湘):1926–1927; 1st time

3.歷代參謀總長:

4.歷代訓練總監部長:

4.歷代軍事參議院長:

List of Ministers of National Defence and Chiefs of the General Staff

Pai Chung-hsi, the 1st Minister of National Defense

Kao Kuang-chi, the incumbent Minister of National Defense

1. Minister of National Defense (歷代國防部長):

2. Chief of the General Staff (歷代參謀總長):

General Chen Cheng, the 1st Chief of the General Staff

General Yen Teh-fa, the incumbent Chief of the General Staff

  • Chen Cheng (陳誠), Army: 1946–1948
  • Gu Zhutong (顧祝同), Army: 1948–1950
  • Zhou Zhi-rou (周至柔), Air Force: 1950–1954
  • Gui Yong-qing (桂永清), Navy: 1954
  • Peng Meng-ji (彭孟緝), Army: 1954–1957
  • Wang Shu-ming (王叔銘), Air Force: 1957–1959
  • Peng Meng-ji (彭孟緝), Army: 1959–1965
  • Li Yu-xi (黎玉璽), Navy: 1965–1967
  • Gao Kui-yuan (高魁元), Army: 1967–1970
  • Lai Ming-tang (賴名湯), Air Force: 1970–1976
  • Song Chang-chih (宋長志), Navy: 1976–1981
  • Hau Pei-tsun (郝柏村), Army: 1981–1989
  • Chen Shen-ling (陳燊齡), Air Force: 1989–1991
  • Liu He-qian (劉和謙), Navy: 1991–1995
  • Luo Ben-li (羅本立), Army: 1995–1998
  • Tang Fei (唐飛), Air Force: 1998–1999
  • Tang Yao-ming (湯曜明), Army: 1999–2002
  • Lee Jye (李傑), Navy: 2002–2004
  • Lee Tien-yu (李天羽), Air Force: 2004–2007
  • Huo Shou-ye (霍守業), Army: 2007–2009
  • Lin Chen-yi (林鎮夷), Navy: 2009–2013
  • Yen Ming (嚴明), Air Force: 2013
  • Kao Kuang-chi (高廣圻), Navy: 2013–2015
  • Yen Teh-fa (嚴德發), Army: 2015–Present

Transportation

The MND building is accessible within walking distance North from Xiaonanmen Station of the Taipei Metro.

See also

References

External links

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