Military ranks of the Swedish Armed Forces shows the rank system used in the Swedish Armed Forces today, as well as changes during the 20th century due to changes in the personnel structure.
Relative Rank and Grade
Relative rank and grade as used in the Swedish Armed Forces are shown below.
|OF-9 (General, Amiral)|
|OF-8 (Generallöjtnant, Viceamiral)|
|OF-7 (Generalmajor, Konterameral)|
|OF-6 (Brigadgeneral, Flottiljamiral)|
|OF-5 (Överste, Kommendör)|
|OF-4 (Överstelöjtnant, Kommendörkapten)|
|OF-3 (Major, Örlogskapten)|
|OR-7 (Fanjunkare, Flagg- styrman,konstapel,maskinist)|
|OR-6 (Förste Sergeant, Förste- styrman,konstapel,maskinist)|
|GSS - Squad leaders, soldiers and seamen|
|OR-3 (Vice korpral)|
|OR-2 (Menig 1kl)|
Distribution of personnel vs ranks
Since the end of the Cold War, Sweden has gradually abolished the mass-moblization system based on national service and universal military training of all young males, through a system of selective draft of an increasingly lower proportion of available manpower, to a system based on volunteer enlistment. Concomitant a large reduction of forces and capabilities have occurred, as well as a substantial increase of participation in "hot" international operations. Reflecting these new conditions a new personnel structure was introduces in 2009 (see historical section below), emphasizing junior leadership and specialist competence through the recreation of a NCO Corps. As a result, there is a large surplus of older soldiers of officer rank that either will have to be phased out through early retirement or converted into non-commissioned officers.
|Officers, including reserve officers||2009||2010||2011||20126|
|OF-9||General / Admiral||2||2||3 1||3 1|
|OF-7 - OF-8||Maj, General / Rear Admiral, Lt. General / Vice Admiral||40||43||21||20|
|OF-6||Brigadier General / Rear Admiral LH||85||86||46||47|
|OF-5||Colonel / Captain (N)||268||263||192||187|
|OF-4||Lieutenant Colonel / Commander||1,174||1,217||1,183||1,181|
|OF-3||Major / Lieutenant Commander||3,053||2,891||2,725||2,667|
|OF-2||Captain / Lieutenant (N)||7,586||7,433||7,026||6,936|
|OF-1||Lieutenant / Sub Lieutenant||5,652||5,428||5,093||4,981|
|OF-1||Second Lieutenant / Acting Sub Lieutenant||571||749||810||785|
|OR-9||Regimental Sergeant Major / Command Master Chief Petty Officer||0||0||0||0|
|OR-8||Sergeant Major / Master Chief Petty Officer '||0||0||2||5|
|Total number of officers||18,712||18,636||17,508||17,494|
|GSS - Soldiers, seamen, specialists and squad leaders 4|
|1,637 3||4,148 3|
|OR-2||Private 1st class|
|Total number of soldiers, seamen, specialists and squad leaders||770||909||1,637||4,148|
- 1 The King of Sweden, the supreme commander, and the former supreme commander serving in the EU as general, retaining his Swedish rank of general.
- 2 Sergeant (OR5) is a GSS rank, but the number is included in the table for professional officers in the annual report.
- 3 The annualized sum of all GSS personnel, including readiness personnel (beredskaps BSA) 607, augmentees (förstärknings FS) 477 and personnel abroad (US) 555. Disclaimer: Personnel serving abroad (US) may also consist of former professional officers serving in officer ranks. It is not clear whether the number also includes sergeants (OR5), which are recorded separately in the table "professional officers" of the annual report. Thus, the number could as well be 1,637 - 307 = 1,337.
- 4 This constitute the number of GSS/K, continuously serving personnel. GSS/T (reserve personnel serving some days a year) is an emerging category personnel that was not possible to measure at the time the annual report was published.
- 5 The sum of all personnel between OR1 and OR5, including readiness personnel (beredskaps BSA), augmentees (förstärknings FS) and personnel serving abroad (US). Disclaimer: Personnel serving abroad (US) may also consist of former professional officers serving in officer ranks.
- 6 This includes officers serving at times (T) as of the annual report for 2011.
|Officer candidates who graduate as Fanrik 2010||107|
|Officer candidates who graduate as Fanrik 2011||117|
|Officer candidates who graduate as Fanrik 2012||163|
|S-Officer candidates who graduate as First Sergeant 2010||317|
|Total officer candidates||704|
Ranks and Insignias
The table below shows ranks according to seniority, with the most senior to the right. OF denotes officers, OR other ranks (as per STANAG 2116). Those ranks were ratified by the supreme commander on October 24, 2008 and became effective as of January 1, 2009. Military ranks of (primarily) Great Britain have been used as a basis for harmonization with NATO.
- 1 Menig wear branch insignia (see table below).
- 2 Menig 1kl are given one additional bar/stripe after 3, 5 and 7 years of service (see table below) without advancement in rank, seniority and skill level. Therefore, insignias with more than one stripe are out of the scope of the rank table and hence put separately.
Translation to English
This table shows the official translations of the Swedish ranks and their abbreviations.
|Translation of OR, Other Ranks to English|
|Code||Swedish Rank||Army||Navy||Amphibious Corps||Airforce|
|OR-2||Menig 1.kl||Private First Class||PFC||Seaman First Class||SFC||Marine First Class||MFC||Airman First Class||AFC|
|OR-3||Vicekorpral||Lance Corporal||LCpl||Able Seaman||AS||Lance Corporal||LCpl||Senior Airman||SrA|
|OR-4||Korpral||Corporal||Cpl||Able Seaman First Class||ASFC||Corporal||Cpl||Corporal||Cpl|
|Sergeant First Class||SgtFC||Petty Officer||PO||Sergeant First Class||SgtFC||Sergeant First Class||SgtFC|
|Colour Sergeant||CSgt||Chief Petty Officer||CPO||Colour Sergeant||CSgt||Colour Sergeant||CSgt|
|OR-8||Förvaltare||Sergeant Major||WO2||Master Chief Petty Officer||WO||Sergeant Major||WO2||Sergeant Major||WO2|
|Regimental Sergeant Major||WO1||Chief Warrant Officer||CWO||Regimental Sergeant Major||WO1||Wing Sergeant Major||WO1|
|Translation of OF, Officer Ranks to English|
|Code||Swedish Rank||Army||Navy||Amphibious Corps||Airforce|
|OF-1||Fänrik||Second Lieutenant||2Lt||Acting Sub-Lieutenant||ASLt||Second Lieutenant||2Lt||Second Lieutenant||2Lt|
|OF-2||Kapten||Captain||Capt||Lieutenant (N)3||Lt (N)3||Captain||Capt||Captain||Capt|
|Lieutenant Colonel||LtCol||Commander||Cdr||Lieutenant Colonel||LtCol||Lieutenant Colonel||LtCol|
|Colonel||Col||Captain (N)3||Capt (N)3||Colonel||Col||Colonel||Col|
|Brigadier General||BGen||Rear Admiral
|RAdm (LH)||Brigadier General||BGen||Brigadier General||BGen|
|Major General||MajGen||Rear Admiral||RAdm||Major General||MajGen||Major General||MajGen|
|Lieutenant General||LtGen||Vice Admiral||VAdm||Lieutenant General||LtGen||Lieutenant General||LtGen|
- 1 used in the Navy.
- 2 used in the Navy and Air Force.
- 3 for clarification of ranks, personnel in Navy appends (N) after rank or abbreviation.
Ranks between 1983 and 2009
|National Service Officers|
|Professional Officers (one-track officer system) |
Kadett OHS2 1st,2nd year
- (1) Specialist school where aspirants graduate as Sergeant (Specialist Officer) (year 2008)
- (2) Military Academy, cadets graduate as Fänrik
- (3) Privates wear insignia of branch. In this case the infantry.
Ranks between 1972 and 1983
|National Servicemen (Värnpliktiga)||National Service Officers (Värnpliktsofficerare)|
|Company Officers |
(Kompaniofficerare Limited Duty Officers)
|Regimental Officers (Regementsofficerare Officers)|
Ranks before 1972
|National Servicemen (Värnpliktiga)||National Service W.O. (Värnpliktiga underofficerare)||National Service Officers (Värnpliktiga officerare)|
|Underbefäl (NCO)||Underofficerare (Warrant Officers)||Officerare (Commissioned Officers)|
Historical perspective of relative rank and grade
When an army based on national service (conscription) was introduced in 1901 all commissioned officers had ranks that were senior of the warrant officers (underofficerare) and non-commissioned officers (underbefäl). In a reform 1926 the relative rank of the then senior warrant officer, fanjunkare, was increased to be equal with the junior officer rank underlöjtnant and above the most junior officer rank fänrik. In 1960 the relative rank of the warrant officers were elevated further so that
i. The lowest warrant officer, sergeant, had relative rank just below the lowest officer rank, fänrik.
ii. The second warrant officer rank, fanjunkare, had relative rank between fänrik and löjtnant
iii. The highest warrant officer rank, förvaltare, had relative rank between first lieutenant and captain.
In 1972 the personnel structure changed, reflecting increased responsibilities of warrant and non-commissioned officers, renaming the underofficerare as kompaniofficerare, giving them the same ranks as company grade officers (fänrik, löjtnant, kapten). Underbefäl was renamed plutonsofficerare and given the rank titles of sergeant and fanjunkare, although their relative rank were now placed below fänrik. The commissioned officers were renamed regementsofficerare, beginning with löjtnant. The three-track career system was maintained, as well as three separate messes.
A major change in the personnel structure in 1983 (NBO 1983), merged the three professional corps of platoon officers, company officers, and regimental officers into a one-track career system within a single corps called professional officers (yrkesofficerare). The three messes were also merged to one. In 2008 the Swedish parliament decided to create a two-track career system with a category called specialistofficerare. When implementing the parliamentary resolution the Chief of Staff decided that some ranks in this category should, like the old underofficerare ranks in 1960-1972, have a relative rank higher than the most junior officers. The current relative ranks are shown in the table below. The one mess system is maintained.
- http://www.forsvarsmakten.se/upload/dokumentfiler/Årsredovisningar/Årsredovisning 2010/Bilaga 2 ÅR 2010.pdf
- Lieutenant Colonel Landström, Matthias (April 2008). "Utveckling av tvåbefälssystemet i Försvarsmakten 16100:66576". pp. 5.
- Translation of ranks to english
- Research: Ph.D. thesis in "War and the career system", Dagens Nyheter by professor Mats Alvesson, researcher of military organization at Lunds University, and Karl Ydén at the University of Göteborg.
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|