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Mauritius does not have a standing army. All military, police, and security functions are carried out by 10,000 active-duty personnel under the command of the Commissioner of Police. The 8,000-member National Police Force is responsible for domestic law enforcement. The 1,500-member Special Mobile Force (SMF) and the 500-member National Coast Guard are the only two paramilitary units in Mauritius. Both units are composed of police officers on lengthy rotations to those services.

The SMF is organized as a ground infantry unit, with six rifle companies, two mobilisable paramilitary companies, and one engineer company, according to the IISS Military Balance 2007. It engages extensively in civic works projects. The Coast Guard has four patrol craft for search-and-rescue missions and surveillance of territorial waters. A 100-member police helicopter squadron assists in search-and-rescue operations. There also is a special supporting unit of 270 members trained in riot control.

The MCGS Vigilant, the flagship of the Coast Guard of Mauritius, berthed in the harbour of Port Louis.

Military advisers from the United Kingdom and India work with the SMF, the Coast Guard, and the Police Helicopter Unit, and Mauritian police officers are trained in the United Kingdom, India, and France. The United States provides training to Mauritian Coast Guard officers in such fields as seamanship and maritime law enforcement.

Military branches: National Police Force (includes the paramilitary Special Mobile Force or SMF, and National Coast Guard)

Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 340,050 (2002 est.)

Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 171,239 (2002 est.)

Military expenditures - dollar figure: $9.1 million (FY01)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 0.2% (FY01)


  • 1 Vigilant patrol ship - 1,650 tons full load - commissioned 1996
  • 1 SDB MK 3 patrol boat - 210 tons full load - commissioned 1984
  • 2 Zhuk patrol craft - 39 tons full load
  • 1 P-2000 patrol craft - 40 tons full load
  • 22 other boats - 2-6 tons full load

References and links

  •  This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2003 edition".
  • IISS Military Balance 2007

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