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Korea's military history spans back thousands of years, beginning with the early struggles of the ancient Kingdom of Gojoseon. Its long history consists of the many successful repulsions of major invasions and defensive against foreign invasions. Sterling examples of Korean military prowess are the major campaigns during the time of Gojoseon, Three Kingdoms (namely Goguryeo, Baekje, Silla), as well as those of the subsequent Kingdoms of Unified Silla, Balhae, Goryeo, Joseon, and more recently, military developments in both North and South Korea. Throughout her history, Korea has boasted many exceptional generals and military commanders who undertook victorious military campaigns against numerically superior enemies. Chief among them are Gwanggaeto the Great and Eulji Mundeok and Yeon Gaesomun of Goguryeo, Kim Yu-Shin of Silla, Dae JoYoung of Balhae, Jang Bo Go of Unified Silla, Gang Gam-chan and Yoon Gwan during the Goryeo period, and Yi Sun-Sin during the late Joseon dynasty.

Today, both North and South Korea field some of the largest and most lethal armies in the world. On one hand, North Korea is widely suspected of having nuclear weapons, as well as other weapons of mass destruction. South Korea, for its part, is equipped with a sophisticated conventional military with state-of-the-art weapons. In addition, South Korean troops actively participated in the Vietnam War and are currently serving in various UN peacekeeping missions around the world. The South Korean military enjoys military alliances with other countries, particularly the United States.

Military history

Gojoseon

Buyeo

  • Mohe conquest

Proto–Three Kingdoms of Korea

Goguryeo

  • Continuous battles with the Four Commanderies of Han
  • Gongsun Du's Campaign against Goguryeo – 190
  • Goguryeo-Wei War – 244
  • Lelang Conquest – 313
  • Xianbei Conquest
  • Khitan Conquest
  • Malgal Conquest

Baekje

  • Malgal Conquest
  • Jinhan Conquest by Silla

Silla

Gaya

  • Campaign with Silla against Baekje

Three Kingdoms Period

Goguryeo campaigns

  • Campaign of Geunchogo of Baekje: Conquest of Pyongyang
  • Baekje Campaign of Gwanggaeto the Great of Goguryeo
  • Attack from Gwanggaeto the Great of Goguryeo
  • Campaigns of Gwanggaeto the Great of Goguryeo
    • Xianbei Campaign
    • Malgal Conquest
    • Khitan Conquest
    • Buyeo Conquest

Goguryeo, Baekje-Silla alliance War

  • Campaign of Jangsu of Goguryeo against Silla and Baekje
  • Invasion of Baekje-Silla alliance – 475
  • Campaign of Baekje-Silla-Gaya armies against Goguryeo
  • 1st Baekje (with Gaya Confederacy) – Silla War(Battle of Gwansansung) – 554
  • Gaya Confederacy Annexation – 532/562

Other conflicts

  • The Baekje Conquest of Tamla – 498
  • The Silla Conquest of Usan – 512

Goguryeo-Sui War (598–614)

  • Goguryeo-Sui War – 598

Goguryeo-Tang War (645–668)

  • Goguryeo-Tang War – 645

Including Goguryeo and Baekje alliance against Tang and Silla

Silla-Tang War (668–676)

  • Other rebellions from Baekje and Goguryeo people
  • Battle of Maeso fortress

North South States Period

Balhae

  • Battle of Cheonmun-ryeong – War of Foundation – 698
  • Military campaign against Tang – 732
  • Balhae-Silla Conflict
  • Extension of Balhae's sphere of influence over the Malgal tribes
  • Khitan Invasion(Collapse of Balhae) – 926

Silla (668–935)

  • Campaigns of Jang Bogo
  • Kim Heonchang Rebellion
  • Red Pants Rebellion
  • Ajagae Rebellion
  • Gihwon Rebellion (see also Gi Hwon)
  • Yanggil Rebellion (see also Yang Gil)
  • Later Three Kingdoms – 900~936

Goryeo Dynasty

Goryeo wars

Internal strife

  • Yi Ja-gyeom Rebellion
  • Myo Cheong Rebellion
  • Military Coup of 1170
  • Kim Bodang Rebellion
  • Jo Wichong Rebellion
  • Mangi and Mangsoi Rebellion
  • Kim Sami and Hyosim Rebellion
  • Slave Rebellions of Goryeo

Joseon Dynasty

Conflicts

  • 2nd Tsushima Conquest (Oei invasion) – 1419
  • Sampo Waeran (small-scale Korea-Japanese War) – 1510
  • Seven Year War (Imjin) – 1592–1598
  • Northern Expansion against Jurchens (see also Korean-Jurchen border conflicts)
  • Jeongmyo Horan (1st Manchu Invasion) – 1627
  • Byeongja Horan (2nd Manchu Invasion) – 1636
  • Russian Campaign which is part of Russian-Manchu border conflicts – 1654–1658
  • Byeongin Yangyo
  • General Sherman Incident
  • Sinmi Yangyo
  • Righteous army Actions

Nationwide Internal strifes

1910–1945: Colonial Korea

After 1945

See also

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