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Military Intelligence of Pakistan
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Military Intelligence of Pakistan
Active 1948
Country Pakistan
Branch Pakistan Army
Type Intelligence
Garrison/HQ GHQ, Rawalpindi
Director General Major General Sarfraz sattar

The Directorate for Military Intelligence, known as "Military Intel ligence" and its acronym "MI", is the intelligence arm of the Pakistan Army. It is headquartered in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Unlike the ISI, the MI is composed of all uniformed officers who are tasked with gathering the offensive counter-insurgence intelligence, identifying and eliminating sleeper cells, foreign agents and other anti Pakistan elements within Pakistan, and investigation of military espionage.[1]

Historical overview

The agency was created by Major-General Robert Cawthom, who also served its first director. Major-General Cawthom later established the ISI directorate in 1950s. Prior to the successful imposition of coup d'état in 1958 against the government of President Major-General (retired) Iskander Mirza, the Military Intelligence's director-general Major-General Syed Shahid Hamid reported to the then-Commander-in-Chief (Chief of Army Staff) Field Marshal Ayub Khan.[1] The M.I. reported that the Martial Law was promulgated in entire country, both East-Pakistan and West-Pakistan.[1]

In the 1980s, Military Intelligence activities include operations in Sindh against the Pakistan Communist Party (CPP) and Indian intelligence operatives.[1] Along with ISI, the M.I. is accused of alleged murder of Pakistani communist leader Nazeer Abbasi.[1]

The Military Intelligence was also active during the Kargil debacle where Major-General Jamshed Gulzar Kayani had led the series of military intelligence operations. However, the M.I. staged another coup d'état against the democratically elected government of Prime minister Nawaz Sharif. The M.I. played a significant and integral role in bringing General Pervez Musharraf, Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan Army and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, in political power.


The MI directorate is composed of Air Intelligence (AI) of Air Force, Naval Intelligence (Navy), Army Intelligence (Pakistan Army), and the Directorate for Marine Intelligence of the Marines. However, the M.I. is part of the Army and reports directly to the Chief of Army Staff. And, the Army has been appointed its officers to lead the agency. Pakistan's Military Intelligence (MI) is one of the three main intelligence services in Pakistan. MI is tasked with operations, identifying and eliminating sleeper cells, foreign agents and other anti-Pakistani elements within Pakistan.[2] The M.I. is currently headed by Army's two-star general, Major-General Naushad Ahmed Kayani.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 (2000). "Military Intelligence". Global Global Retrieved 2011. 
  2. 2.0 2.1

See also

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