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The Mig-29 Fulcrum was a Soviet Made fighter developed to compete with the F-15 Eagle and the F-16 Fighting Falcon.


German MiG-29GT over Gulf of Mexico

The Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-29A (NATO code name Fulcrum) is a twin-engine, super-sonic, high-performance fighter. When the Soviets got wind of the USAF's "FX" program, which resulted in the F-15 Eagle, they realized that the new fighter presented a serious threat to the (then) current line of fighters, such as the MiG-21 and MiG-23. Work began on 'Product 9' designated MiG-29A, began in 1974, with fight taking place on October 6, 1977. The "Fulcrum" features many advanced aerodynamic features that give the aircraft superb fighting capability despite having a very short combat radius. The MiG-29's wings are swept-back and tapered with square tips. LERXs are wide and curved down to the front. LERX begins on the nose below the mid-mount point, and the wings’ trailing edges end at a high-mounted point. Twin jet engines are mounted low and to the sides of the fuselage. Diagonal-shaped air intakes give a box-like appearance. There are large exhausts. The fuselage is made of a long, thin, slender body with long, pointed drooping nose. There is a high-mounted bubble canopy. The tail fins have sharply tapered leading edges, canted outward with angular, cutoff tips. Flats are high-mounted on the fuselage, movable, swept-back, and tapered with a negative slant. The MiG-29 is a widely exported aircraft, flown by such nations as Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Peru, Russia, Ukraine and many former Soviet republics.

The Fulcrum is also available for MiG-29 tourist flights in Russia after financial problems of the gouvernment in the 1990ies.


  • Algeria - 69 MiG-29S in service [1]
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bangladesh - 14 MiG-29SEs and two MiG-29UBs in service.
  • Belarus
  • Bulgaria - 14 MiG-29S and 4 MiG-29UB, modernized in 2009.
  • Cuba
  • Eritrea
  • Hungary - has 12 in service as of January 2010.
  • India
    • Indian Air Force has 63 upgraded MiG-29 Baaz in service. The upgrade of all MiG-29 "Baaz" to latest MiG-29SMT standard is in process which will include latest avionics, Zhuk-ME Radar, engine, weapon control systems etc.
    • Indian Naval Air Arm has 45 MiG-29Ks on order as of January 2010, with 6 in inventory as of July 2010.
  • Iran - 20 MiG-29A and 4 MiG-29UB
  • Kazakhstan
  • Malaysia - To be retired

    A MiG-29 from the Cuban Air Force

  • Myanmar - 10 MiG-29Bs and two MiG-29UBs in service as of November 2008. Ordered 20 more MiG-29SMT fighters in 2009.
  • Peru - 19 in service as of Nov. 2008.
  • North Korea - 40 in service as of Nov. 2008. 12 initially bought from Belarus in 1995 and a follow up order of 18 MiG-29SE plus 3 new from Russia in 1996. Two were lost in accidents.
  • Poland - 36 in service
  • Russia - 406 in service as of Nov. 2008. An additional 100 MiG-29S (SE for the export designation) and another 34 MiG-29SMT are new from an order rejected from Algeria.
  • Serbia - Four in service
  • Slovakia - 21 MiG-29s received, 12 in active service.
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan - 12 on order, and 11 in service as of November 2008.
  • Syria
  • Turkmenistan
  • Ukraine - 80 as of January 2010.
  • United States - Evaluation only.
  • Uzbekistan
  • Yemen

Former Operators

  • Czechoslovakia - Received 18 MiG-29 and two MiG-29UB aircraft. Six Czechoslovak MiG-29s were capable of delivering nuclear weapons but equipment needed for carrying these weapons was removed as part a CFE treaty. All passed onto successor states.
  • Czech Republic - Inherited nine MiG-29 and one MiG-29UB. All sold to Poland in 1995 in exchange for 11 W-3A Sokol helicopters.
  • East Germany - 24 absorbed into the Luftwaffe upon reunification
  • Germany - One crashed, one on display, 22 sold to Poland
  • Iraq
  • Israel - leased from an unknown country, used for aggressor training.
  • Moldova - not operational, six MiG-29S in storage.
  • Romania - 17 MiG-29 and five MiG-29UB were delivered in 1989—1990.Withdrawn from service in 2003.
  • Soviet Union
  • Yugoslavia


General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 17.37 m (57 ft)
  • Wingspan: 11.4 m (37 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 4.73 m (15 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 38 m² (409 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 11,000 kg (24,250 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 16,800 kg (37,000 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 21,000 kg (46,300 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2× Klimov RD-33 afterburning turbofans, 8,300 kgf (81.4 kN, 18,300 lbf) each


  • Maximum speed: Mach 2.25 (2,400 km/h, 1,490 mph) At low altitude: Mach 1.25 (1,500 km/h, 930 mph)
  • Range: 1,430 km (772 nmi, 888 mi) with maximum internal fuel
  • Ferry range: 2,100 km (1,800 mi) with 1 drop tank
  • Service ceiling: 18,013 m (59,100 ft)
  • Rate of climb: initial 330 m/s average 109 m/s 0–6000 m (65,000 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 442 kg/m² (90.5 lb/ft²)
  • Thrust/weight: 1.01


  • 1 x 30 mm GSh-30-1 cannon with 150 rounds
  • 7 Hard points: 6 x pylons under-wing, 1 x under fuselage
  • Up to 3,500 kg (7,720 lb) of weapons including six air-to-air missiles — a mix of semi-active radar homing (SARH) and AA-8 Aphid, AA-10 Alamo, AA-11 Archer, AA-12 Adder, FAB 500-M62, FAB-1000, TN-100, ECM Pods, S-24, AS-12, AS-14


  • Phazotron N019, N010 radars

Fulcrum/Flanker Family

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