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Mikhail Stepanovich Shumilov
File:File:Mikhail Stepanovich Shumilov.jpg
Native name Шумилов, Михаил Степанович
Born 17 November 1895
Died 28 June 1975(1975-06-28) (aged 79)
Place of birth Verchne Tečenskoe, Perm Governorate, Russian Empire (today Kataysky District, Kurgan Oblast)
Place of death Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Years of service 1917–1956
Rank Colonel General
Commands held 11th Rifle Corps
64th Army
7th Guards Army
13th Army
White Sea Military District
Voronezh Military District
Battles/wars

World War I
Russian Civil War
World War II

Awards
  • Hero of the Soviet Union
  • Order of Lenin
  • Gold Star Medal
  • Mikhail Stepanovich Shumilov (Russian: Шумилов, Михаил Степанович; November 17, 1895 – June 28, 1975) was a Soviet Colonel general and commander of the 64th Army during the Battle of Stalingrad. He helped defend for more than six months, the southern outskirts of the city and the bridgehead of Beketovka on the Volga.

    Biography

    File:Mikhail Shumilov in Stalingrad.jpg

    Mikhail Shumilov in Stalingrad.

    Shumilov fought in World War I and the Russian Civil War at the head of a Red Army regiment.

    In April 1938, he was appointed commander of the 11th Rifle Corps, stationed in the Belarussian Military District. He took part in the Soviet invasion of Poland and the Soviet-Finnish War. In July 1940, the 11th Rifle Corps was incorporated into the Baltic Special Military District.

    After his Corps was destroyed in Operation Barbarossa, Shumilov was relieved of command in August 1941 and put into the reserve. He was recalled in January 1942 as Deputy Commanding Officer of the 21st Army until August 1942, when he became commander of the 64th Army, at the start of the Battle of Stalingrad.

    For about a month, his army held back the 4th Panzer Army under the command of Hermann Hoth on the southern approach to Stalingrad, so that industrial enterprises in the south of the city continued to operate. For six months Shumilov's army held the southern part of Stalingrad in fierce battles, playing an outstanding role in the heroic defense of the city along with the 62nd army of General Vasily Chuikov.
    On January 31, 1943, Mikhail Shumilov led the interrogation of Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus, who was captured by the 64th Army near Stalingrad.

    He remained at the head of his Army, which was recalled the 7th Guards Army in April 1943, until the end of the War.
    He participated in the Battle of Kursk, forcing the Dnieper River, the Kirovograd Offensive, the Uman–Botoșani Offensive, the Jassy–Kishinev Offensive, the Battle of Debrecen, the Budapest Offensive, the Bratislava–Brno Offensive and the Prague Offensive.
    General Shumilov had also a lot of credit in the creation of the new Romanian army.

    By decree of the Presidency of the Supreme Council of the USSR of October 26, 1943 for the skilful leadership of military units during the forcing of Dnipro and the personal courage and heroism of the Guard, Colonel-General Mikhail Stepanovich Shumilov was assigned to Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star Medal.

    In 1946, he became Commanding Officer of the 13th Army, in 1948 Commander in Chief of the White Sea Military District and in 1949 Commander in Chief of the Voronezh Military District, until 1956 when he retired.

    Monuments

    Sources

    • generals.dk
    • This is a translation of an article in the Russian Wikipedia, Шумилов, Михаил Степанович.

    This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
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