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{{Infobox military person
 
{{Infobox military person
 
|name= Michael Rudolph
 
|name= Michael Rudolph
|birth_date=1758
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|birth_date= 1758
|death_date={{Death year and age|1795|1758}}
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|death_date= 1795
|birth_place= Elkton, Maryland
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|birth_place= [[Elkton, Maryland]]
 
|death_place= at sea
 
|death_place= at sea
 
|placeofburial=
 
|placeofburial=
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'''Michael Rudolph''' (1758–1795), an officer in the [[United States Army]], served as acting [[List of Adjutant Generals of the U.S. Army|Adjutant General]] and acting [[List of Inspectors General of the U.S. Army|Inspector General of the U.S. Army]] in 1793.
 
'''Michael Rudolph''' (1758–1795), an officer in the [[United States Army]], served as acting [[List of Adjutant Generals of the U.S. Army|Adjutant General]] and acting [[List of Inspectors General of the U.S. Army|Inspector General of the U.S. Army]] in 1793.
   
Rudolph was born in Elkton, Maryland of parents of German descent, and received no formal education. In April 1778, at around the age of sixteen, he enlisted in [[Lee's Legion]], where he served for the duration of the [[American Revolutionary War]]. He was commissioned a [[First Lieutenant (United States)|lieutenant]] in July 1779, and in September 1779 was [[brevet (military)|brevetted]] a [[Captain (United States)|captain]] for his actions in the [[Battle of Paulus Hook]]. He was discharged at the conclusion of the war and returned to civilian life.
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Rudolph was born in [[Elkton, Maryland]] of parents of German descent, and received no formal education. In April 1778, at around the age of sixteen, he enlisted in [[Lee's Legion]], where he served for the duration of the [[American Revolutionary War]]. He was commissioned a [[First Lieutenant (United States)|lieutenant]] in July 1779, and in September 1779 was [[brevet (military)|brevetted]] a [[Captain (United States)|captain]] for his actions in the [[Battle of Paulus Hook]]. He was discharged at the conclusion of the war and returned to civilian life.
   
He returned to the Army in June 1790, as a captain in the 1st U.S. Infantry. He was promoted to [[Major (United States)|major]] commanding the Squadron of Light Dragoons in March 1792. In February 1793, he was made acting [[List of Adjutant Generals of the U.S. Army|Adjutant General]] and acting [[List of Inspectors General of the U.S. Army|Inspector General of the U.S. Army]]. Shortly afterward, he was given command of Fort Hamilton, Ohio. There, he refused to postpone the execution of several soldiers for [[desertion]] even though he knew an appeal of their case was pending. Moments after the execution was carried out, a messenger arrived with orders reprieving some of the executed men. The execution infuriated Rudolph's commander, General [[Anthony Wayne]], who ordered Rudolph's resignation in July 1793. Accounts say he returned home to find his wife had been unfaithful, and went to sea to seek his fortune, where he was captured and killed by pirates.
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He returned to the Army in June 1790, as a captain in the 1st U.S. Infantry. He was promoted to [[Major (United States)|major]] commanding the Squadron of Light Dragoons in March 1792. In February 1793, he was made acting [[List of Adjutant Generals of the U.S. Army|Adjutant General]] and acting [[List of Inspectors General of the U.S. Army|Inspector General of the U.S. Army]]. Shortly afterward, he was given command of [[Hamilton, Ohio|Fort Hamilton, Ohio]]. There, he refused to postpone the execution of several soldiers for [[desertion]] even though he knew an appeal of their case was pending. Moments after the execution was carried out, a messenger arrived with orders reprieving some of the executed men. The execution infuriated Rudolph's commander, General [[Anthony Wayne]], who ordered Rudolph's resignation in July 1793. Accounts say he returned home to find his wife had been unfaithful, and went to sea to seek his fortune, where he was captured and killed by pirates.
   
 
A legend which circulated in the mid-19th century had Rudolph making his way to France where he became the military commander [[Michel Ney]].
 
A legend which circulated in the mid-19th century had Rudolph making his way to France where he became the military commander [[Michel Ney]].
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==References==
 
==References==
 
*{{cite book |title= The Inspectors General of the United States Army, 1777-1903 |last=Clary |first=David A. |coauthor=Whitethorne, Joseph W. A.|year=1987 |publisher=U. S. Army Center of Military History |location=[[Washington, D.C.]]|page=427}}
 
*{{cite book |title= The Inspectors General of the United States Army, 1777-1903 |last=Clary |first=David A. |coauthor=Whitethorne, Joseph W. A.|year=1987 |publisher=U. S. Army Center of Military History |location=[[Washington, D.C.]]|page=427}}
*{{cite book |title=Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, Volume 1 |last=Heitman |first=Francis B. |year=1903 |publisher=Government Printing Office |location=[[Washington, D.C.]]|pages=37–38, 850}}
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*{{cite book |title=Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, Volume 1 |last=Heitman |first=Francis B. |year=1903 |publisher=[[Government Printing Office]] |location=[[Washington, D.C.]]|pages=37–38, 850 }}
*{{cite book |title=Anecdotes of the Revolutionary War in America |last=Garden |first=Alexander |authorlink=Alexander Garden (soldier)|year=1822 |publisher=A. E. Miller |location=Charleston, South Carolina |pages=128–129 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=WJ98ynQ-W-AC |accessdate=2009-06-05}}
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*{{cite book |title=Anecdotes of the Revolutionary War in America |last=Garden |first=Alexander |authorlink=Alexander Garden (soldier)|year=1822 |publisher=A. E. Miller |location=[[Charleston, South Carolina]] |pages=128–129 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=WJ98ynQ-W-AC |accessdate=2009-06-05 }}
*{{cite book |title=The centennial anniversary of the city of Hamilton, Ohio, September 17–19, 1891 |last=McClung |first=David Waddle |year=1892 |publisher=Lawrence Printing and Publishing |location=Hamilton, Ohio|page=158 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=M_1YAAAAMAAJ |accessdate=2009-06-05}}
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*{{cite book |title=The centennial anniversary of the city of Hamilton, Ohio, September 17–19, 1891 |last=McClung |first=David Waddle |year=1892 |publisher=Lawrence Printing and Publishing |location=[[Hamilton, Ohio]]|page=158 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=M_1YAAAAMAAJ |accessdate=2009-06-05}}
*{{cite book |title= The Army of the United States |last=Rodenbough |first=Theophilus F.|authorlink=Theophilus Francis Rodenbough|coauthors=Haskin, William L. |year=1896 |publisher=Maynard, Merrill & Co. |location=New York City |pages=5 & 23 |url=http://www.history.army.mil/books/R&H/R&H-FM.htm |accessdate=2009-06-05}}
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*{{cite book |title= The Army of the United States |last=Rodenbough |first=Theophilus F.|authorlink=Theophilus Francis Rodenbough|coauthors=Haskin, William L. |year=1896 |publisher=Maynard, Merrill & Co. |location=[[New York City]] |pages=5 & 23 |url=http://www.history.army.mil/books/R&H/R&H-FM.htm |accessdate=2009-06-05}}
*{{cite book |title=[[Southern Literary Messenger]] |last=Minor |first=Benjamin B. |authorlink=Benjamin Blake Minor|year=1847 |month=January |volume=XIII |chapter=Michael Ney, otherwise Michael Rudolph |publisher=Macfarlane and Fergusson |location=Richmond, Virginia|pages=17–23|chapterurl=http://books.google.com/books?id=kVIFAAAAQAAJ&printsec=titlepage#PPA17,M1 | accessdate=2009-06-05}}
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*{{cite book |title=[[Southern Literary Messenger]] |last=Minor |first=Benjamin B. |authorlink=Benjamin Blake Minor|year=1847 |month=January |volume=XIII |chapter=Michael Ney, otherwise Michael Rudolph |publisher=Macfarlane and Fergusson |location=[[Richmond, Virginia]]|pages=17–23|chapterurl=http://books.google.com/books?id=kVIFAAAAQAAJ&printsec=titlepage#PPA17,M1 | accessdate=2009-06-05}}
   
 
==Further reading==
 
==Further reading==
*{{cite book |title=Michael Rudolph: "the Bravest of the Brave" |last=Dupuy |first=Eliza Ann |authorlink=Eliza Dupuy |year=1870 |publisher=T. B. Peterson |location=Philadelphia |http://books.google.com/books?id=liEZAAAAYAAJ |accessdate=2009-06-05}}
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*{{cite book |title=Michael Rudolph: "the Bravest of the Brave" |last=Dupuy |first=Eliza Ann |authorlink=Eliza Dupuy |year=1870 |publisher=T. B. Peterson |location=[[Philadelphia]] |http://books.google.com/books?id=liEZAAAAYAAJ |accessdate=2009-06-05}}
   
 
{{s-start}}
 
{{s-start}}
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{{s-end}}
 
{{s-end}}
   
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{{Persondata
{{Wikipedia|Michael Rudolph}}
 
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|NAME= Rudolph, Michael
 
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|ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Rudulph, Michael
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|SHORT DESCRIPTION= Acting [[List of Adjutant Generals of the U.S. Army|Adjutant General]] and acting [[List of Inspectors General of the U.S. Army|Inspector General of the U.S. Army]] in 1793.
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|DATE OF BIRTH= 1793
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|PLACE OF BIRTH= [[Elkton, Maryland]]
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|DATE OF DEATH= 1795
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|PLACE OF DEATH= at sea
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}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Rudolph, Michael}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Rudolph, Michael}}
 
[[Category:1758 births]]
 
[[Category:1758 births]]
 
[[Category:1795 deaths]]
 
[[Category:1795 deaths]]
 
[[Category:People from Cecil County, Maryland]]
 
[[Category:People from Cecil County, Maryland]]
[[Category:Adjutants general of the United States Army]]
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[[Category:Adjutant Generals of the United States Army]]
 
[[Category:American people of the Northwest Indian War]]
 
[[Category:American people of the Northwest Indian War]]
 
[[Category:Continental Army officers]]
 
[[Category:Continental Army officers]]
 
[[Category:Inspectors General of the United States Army]]
 
[[Category:Inspectors General of the United States Army]]
 
[[Category:People lost at sea]]
 
[[Category:People lost at sea]]
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{{US-army-bio-stub}}
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{{Mil-hist-stub}}

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