Military Wiki
Mercian Regiment (Cheshire, Worcesters and
Foresters, and Staffords)
Mercian Regiment Capbadge.jpg
Active 2007—Present

 United Kingdom

  •  England

 British Army

  • Infantry
Type Infantry
Role 1 MERCIANArmoured Infantry
2 MERCIANLight Infantry
4 MERCIANReserve Light Infantry
Size Three Battalions
Part of King's Division
Garrison/HQ RHQ - Lichfield
1st Battalion - Bulford
2nd Battalion - Episkopi, Cyprus
4th Battalion - Wolverhampton
Nickname(s) The Heart of England's Infantry
Motto(s) "Stand Firm and Strike Hard"
March Wha Wadna Fecht for Charlie/Under the Double Eagle (Quick)
Stand Firm and Strike Hard (Slow)
Mascot(s) Ram (Private Derby XXXII)

Operation Herrick

Operation Shader
Operation Toral
Operation Tosca
Operation Trenton
Operation Serval
Operation Orbital
Tactical Recognition Flash Mercian TRF.svg
Arm Badge Stafford Knot and Glider
From Staffordshire Regiment
Abbreviation MERCIAN

The Mercian Regiment (Cheshire, Worcesters and Foresters, and Staffords) is an infantry regiment of the British Army, which is recruited from five of the counties that formed the ancient kingdom of Mercia. Known as 'The Heart of England's Infantry', it was formed on 1 September 2007 by the amalgamation of three existing regiments. The Regiment has deployed on eight operational deployments since its formation.


The regiment's formation was announced on 16 December 2004 by the then Secretary of Defence Geoff Hoon and General Sir Mike Jackson as part of the restructuring of the British Army Infantry - it consisted of three regular battalions, plus a territorial battalion, and was created through the merger of three single battalion regiments.[1]

The antecedent regiments were, The 1st Battalion, Cheshire Regiment, The 1st Battalion, Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment and the 1st Battalion, Staffordshire Regiment. The reserve West Midlands Regiment, with elements of the King's and Cheshire Regiment and the East of England Regiment formed the 4th Battalion, Mercian Regiment.[2]

The regiment originally had three regular army battalions and one Army Reserve battalion, though the 3rd Battalion was disbanded as part of the restructuring of the British Army.[3]

The regiment has been deployed to Afghanistan (Herrick 6, Herrick 10, Herrick 12, Herrick 14, Herrick 15 and Herrick 17) and Iraq (Telic 11).[4]

In 2017 the regiment moved to the King's Division.[5]


1st Battalion

The 1st Battalion has deployed on three operational tours since its formation in 2007, one to Iraq and two to Afghanistan. It is an armoured infantry battalion, part of the 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade based at Bulford Camp, England.[6][7][8]

2nd Battalion

The 2nd Battalion deployed on three operational tours to Afghanistan. It is a Light Infantry battalion, part of 42 Infantry Brigade, and was based at Dale Barracks in Chester, England from July 2014, to August 2018, when it moved to Episcopi, Cyprus.[9]

3rd Battalion

The 3rd Battalion was an armoured infantry battalion, part of the 7th Armoured Brigade based in Bad Fallingbostel, Germany.[10] It was disbanded in July 2014[11] as part of the Army 2020 defence review.[3] On 13 January 2018 the colours of the 3rd Battalion were laid up in Lichfield Cathedral.[12][13][14][15][16]

4th Battalion

The 4th Battalion is the regiment's Army Reserve Light Infantry battalion. The battalion, whose HQ is based in Wolverhampton and Kidderminster, England, has five rifle companies, an HQ company, a mortar platoon and an anti-tank platoon.[17]

Regimental Distinctions

The regiment's cap badge is a double headed Mercian Eagle with Saxon crown. This has been chosen because it forms a link to the regiment's recruiting area, which encompass a number of divergent counties that do not have modern traditional links, only under the ancient Kingdom of Mercia (unlike the other new regiments from Scotland, Wales and Yorkshire). It was originally intended to use the old Mercian Brigade badge worn by the Cheshire Regiment, Staffordshire Regiment, Worcestershire Regiment and Sherwood Foresters from 1958 to 1968, rather than create an amalgamated badge that would require elements from all of the antecedents. In 2005, this badge was rejected by the Army Dress Committee on the grounds that it had been the badge of a territorial unit, The Mercian Volunteers, which was junior to the amalgamating regiments.[18] Accordingly, a slightly modified design featuring two colours of metal was adopted.[19]

In 2012, following the announcement that the 3rd Battalion (ex-Staffordshire Regiment) was to be disbanded, a proposal was submitted to the Army to have the name of the Mercian Regiment changed to reflect its entire lineage and maintain the Staffords name.[20] In July 2014, this proposal was approved, and the regiment was renamed as The Mercian Regiment (Cheshire, Worcesters and Foresters, and Staffords).[21]


Private Derby XXX, a Swaledale ram and mascot for the Mercian Regiment

Mercian Regiment in Ashbourne, Derbyshire on 18 March 2010

"Derby", a Swaledale ram, is the regimental mascot, a tradition inherited from the Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment. The 30th iteration of the Mascot was known as Lance Corporal Derby XXX, before he died on 27 November 2015.[22] His successor, known as Private Derby XXXI, was announced on 20 February 2016[23] but he died on 1 September 2017.[24]

In December 2017 Private Derby XXXII was presented to the Regiment[25] by the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire at Chatsworth House.[26] Private Derby was received by Brigadier Williams, OBE, Colonel of the Regiment.[27]

Private Derby led the Tamworth Carnival in 2019.[28] According to his handlers this was the longest March Private Derby has done to date.[29]


Various "Golden Threads", representing the traditions of predecessor units, are incorporated in the Mercian Regiment's uniform:

  • Arm badge: a gold wire Stafford knot and glider badge with a backing of "Brown Holland" material on a black felt patch from the Staffordshire Regiment[30]
  • Collar badge: oak leaves and acorn from the Cheshire Regiment combined with the motto Firm from the Worcestershire Regiment[30]
  • Facing colour: buff, from the Cheshire Regiment. To be worn on full dress uniform, mess dress and as piping on No.1 dress shoulder straps.[30]
  • Sword frog on the Sam Browne Belt comes from the Worcestershire Regiment[31]
  • Officer's rank badges will be coloured bronze/gun metal, from the North Staffordshire Regiment[30]
  • Warrant officers' and NCO's rank badges: Black backing from Staffordshire Regiment.[30]
  • Cap badge backing: A square Lincoln green cloth backing worn behind the cap badge on the beret, from the Sherwood Foresters[30]
  • Lanyards: Originally, each battalion wore a distinctively coloured lanyard on No.2 dress: red cerise for the 1st battalion, Lincoln green for the 2nd, black for the 3rd and Mercian blue for the 4th. A regimental pattern with twists of cerise, buff and green was worn by those who were extra-regimentally employed: this multi-coloured lanyard is now worn by all in the regiment.[30]
  • Tactical Recognition Flashes: The regiment's TRF is a 3 vertical striped diamond with cerise on the left, buff in the middle and Lincoln green on the right. Each Battalion also has their own, the 1st and 2nd Battalions use their antecedent regiment's flashes, buff and cerise for the 1st and cerise and Lincoln green for the 2nd. The 3rd battalion has a black diamond with the Stafford knot and the 4th Battalion has a blue diamond with the Mercian Eagle on it.[30]
  • Regimental Side Hat: black with buff inner crease and green piping and peak. The cap badge is in silver and gold wire embroidery.[30]
  • Pullover: Buff, worn by officers and WOs, from the Cheshire Regiment.[30]
  • Stable Belt: Buff, from the Cheshire Regiment, with a bronze locket bearing the cap badge in brass.[30]

Regimental museum

The Museum of the Mercian Regiment (WFR Collection) in Nottingham Castle is now (2018) closed due to redevelopment of the castle.[32]

Regimental Colonels


1880[35] 1881 Childers Reforms[35] 1921 Name changes 1957 Defence White Paper 1966 Defence White Paper 1990 Options for Change 2003 Delivering Security in a Changing World
22nd (Cheshire) Regiment of Foot The Cheshire Regiment The Mercian Regiment
29th (Worcestershire) Regiment of Foot The Worcestershire Regiment The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment
36th (Herefordshire) Regiment of Foot
45th (Nottinghamshire) (Sherwood Foresters) Regiment of Foot The Sherwood Foresters (Derbyshire Regiment)
renamed in 1902:
The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment)
95th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot
38th (1st Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot The South Staffordshire Regiment The Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales's)
80th (Staffordshire Volunteers) Regiment of Foot
64th (2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment) The North Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales's)
98th (Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Foot


All of the previous alliances of the three individual regiments were carried over into the Mercian Regiment.


The regiment has received the Freedom of several locations throughout its history; these include:

  • England 2007: Ellesmere Port and Neston.[36]
  • England 2007: Lichfield.[37]
  • England 2007: Worcester. Originally granted to the Worcestershire Regiment in 1950.[38]
  • England 15 October 2007: Nottingham.[39]
  • England 12 December 2007: Chesterfield.[40][41]
  • England 26 March 2008: Chester.[42]
  • England July 2008: Cheshire West and Chester.[43]
  • England 20 May 2009: Redditch.[44]
  • England 2009: Wirral.[45]
  • England 26 January 2010: Amber Valley.[46]
  • England 27 May 2010: Cheshire East.[47]
  • England 11 November 2010: Stockport.[48]
  • England 20 January 2011: Bromsgrove.[49]
  • England 29 March 2011: Wychavon.[50]
  • England 7 November 2012: Cannock Chase.[51]
  • England 21 May 2013: Tameside.[52]
  • England 29 June 2014: Sandbach.[53]
  • England 19 February 2015: Crewe.[54][55]

Order of precedence

Preceded by
Yorkshire Regiment
Infantry Order of Precedence Succeeded by
Royal Welsh


  1. "In detail: army restructuring plans". BBC. 16 December 2004. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  2. "Mercian Regiment". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Army Loses 17 Major Units In Defence Cuts". Sky News. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  4. "Mercian Regiment". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  5. "The Mercian Regiment Newsletter August 2017". Bowyers. Retrieved 23 February 2018. 
  6. "1 Mercian". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  7. "4th Mechanised Brigade". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  8. "Army 2020". p. 7. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  9. "2 Mercian's arrival in Cyprus formally marked". Retrieved 27 June 2019. 
  10. "3 Mercian". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 11 February 2010. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  11. "Mercian Regiment: Final marches for disbanded battalion". BBC. Retrieved 6 November 2014. 
  12. "Video of final march and Salute". Retrieved 28 July 2019. 
  13. "Interview with former 3rd Battalion Commander Richard Spibe". Retrieved 28 July 2019. 
  14. "Video Interview with Brigadier Williams, Mercian Colonel". Retrieved 28 July 2019. 
  15. "Video of the colours entering the church, the final farewell". Retrieved 28 July 2019. 
  16. "Farewell to the colours". Retrieved 28 July 2019. 
  17. "4 Mercian". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  18. Regiment's 'strangled chicken' badge rejected, (, accessed 22 August 2007
  19. "Regimental Customs and Traditions". The Mercian Regiment. 2009. Archived from the original on 17 August 2012. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  20. "MoD to look at Staffords endorsement". BBC. 10 November 2012. 
  21. "New regiment will now keep its links to the area". 3 July 2014. 
  22. "Derby XXX – a British Army ram promoted to Lance Corporal as regimental mascot – dies". Western Morning News. 4 December 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  23. "Mercian Regiment announces new Private Derby XXXI". BBC. 20 February 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  24. "Ram mascot of Mercian regiment, Private Derby XXXI, dies after illness". 3 September 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  25. "Video of Private Derby being presented to Regiment". JAMedia-UK. 2019-05-12. 
  26. "Video interview with Duke and Duchess of Devonshire at Chatsworth". JAMedia-UK. 2019-05-27. 
  27. "Brigadier Williams OBE, Mercian Regiment discussing Private Derby". JAMedia-UK. 2019-05-27. 
  28. Video of Private Derby leading Tamworth Carnival 2019 JAMedia-UK (2019-06-02). "Mercians Take Salute Tamworth 2019". 
  29. "Interview with Private Derby's handlers". JAMedia-UK. 2019-06-02. 
  30. 30.00 30.01 30.02 30.03 30.04 30.05 30.06 30.07 30.08 30.09 30.10 "Dress Regulations for the Mercian Regiment". Ministry of Defence. June 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  31. "Regimental customs and traditions". The Museum of the Mercian Regiment. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  32. "Museum of the Mercian Regiment". Stand firm strike hard. Retrieved 8 November 2018. 
  33. 33.0 33.1 "Mercian Regiment receives new Colours". GOV.UK. Retrieved 4 June 2018. 
  34. "Lasting tribute to Tamworth soldiers killed in Iraq". Birmingham Mail. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2018. 
  35. 35.0 35.1 The London Gazette, Page 3300-3301 (1 July 1881). "Childers Reform". Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
  36. "UK | England | Merseyside | Soldiers mark Freedom of Borough". BBC News. 2008-09-26. Retrieved 2019-02-12. 
  37. "Wayback Machine". Archived from the original on 2015-10-03. Retrieved 2019-02-12. 
  38. "Brief history of the Worcestershire Regiment". Worcestershire and Mercian Regiment Museum. Retrieved 8 March 2019. 
  39. "Archived copy". 
  40. "Mercian Regiment exercise freedom of Chesterfield". 
  41. "Wayback Machine". Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2019-02-12. 
  42. Post, North Wales Daily (25 March 2008). "Mercian Regiment to get freedom of Chester". 
  43. Norbury, David (25 June 2008). "Mercian Regiment to receive freedom of Cheshire borough". 
  44. "Regiment honoured". Redditch Advertiser. 2009-05-20. Retrieved 2019-02-12. 
  45. "Civic recognition and awards". 7 December 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2019. 
  46. Council, Amber Valley Borough. "Freedom of the Borough". 
  47. "Issue - items at meetings - Freedom of the Borough - The Mercian Regiment". 5 October 2010. 
  48. "Mercian Regiment get freedom of the borough at Stockport 'homecoming'". Stockport Express. Retrieved 12 February 2019. 
  49. "Bromsgrove councillors honour Mercian Regiment". Bromsgove Advertiser. 24 January 2011. Retrieved 8 July 2019. 
  50. "Freedom of Wychavon district for Mercian Regiment - BBC News". Retrieved 2019-02-12. 
  51. "Microsoft Word - 02a-Freedom of District - Mercian Reg Ext Council 071112" (PDF). Retrieved 2019-02-12. 
  52. "Honorary Freemen of the Borough". Retrieved 2019-02-12. 
  53. Author Lyn Mitchell (2014-06-29). "Sandbach Town Council - Freedom of Entry to the Mercian Regiment | CVS Cheshire East". Retrieved 2019-02-12. 
  54. "Regiment given Freedom of the Town". 
  55. Palin, Leanne (14 January 2015). "The Mercian Regiment are being given Freedom of the Town". 

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