Military Wiki
Mauser-Vergueiro Rifle
Mauser-Vergueiro m/1904/39
Type Bolt action rifle
Place of origin Portugal Kingdom of Portugal
Service history
In service 1904–1939
Used by Flag of Portugal Portugal
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960) Brazil
Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Union of South Africa
Flag of the German East Africa Company German East Africa
Flag of the International Brigades International Brigades
Wars World War I
Spanish Civil War
Battle of Timor
Production history
Designer José Alberto Vergueiro
Designed 1904
Manufacturer Fábrica de Braço de Prata
Produced 1904–1945
Variants Rifle m/1904, Carbine m/1904 and Rifle m/1904/39
Mass 3.8 kg (8.4 lb) (Rifles m/1904 and m/1904/39)
3.6 kg (7.9 lb) (Carbine m/1904)
Length 1,110 mm (Rifles m/1904 and m/1904/39)
1100 mm (Carbine m/1904)
Barrel length 600 mm (23.6 in)

Cartridge 6.5×58mm Vergueiro (Rifle and Carbine m/1904)
7×57mm Mauser (Rifle m/1904, export model)
8×57mm IS (Rifle m/1904/39)
Action Bolt action
Muzzle velocity 715 m/s (2,346 ft/s)
Feed system 5-round stripper clip, internal box magazine
Sights Iron sights (tangent leaf rear sight adjustable from 200 to 2,000 meters)

Mauser-Vergueiro was a bolt action rifle, designed in 1904 by José Alberto Vergueiro, an infantry officer of the Portuguese Army, and manufactured by Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken (DWM). It was developed from the Mauser 98 rifle with the introduction of a new bolt system derived from the Gewehr 1888 and Mannlicher-Schönauer. Outside Portugal, the weapon was also known as the Portuguese Mauser. It used the 6.5×58mm Vergueiro, a cartridge developed specially for it.[1]

The weapon replaced the Kropatschek m/1886 as the standard infantry rifle of the Portuguese Army in 1904, remaining in service until it was replaced by the Mauser 98k in 1939. In Portuguese service the weapon was officially designated Espingarda 6,5 mm m/1904 ("Rifle 6.5mm m/1904"). A lighter and shorter version of the weapon was classified as a carbine and designated Carabina 6,5 mm m/1904 ("Carbine 6.5mm m/1904"). A total of 100,000 rifles were produced for Portugal. An additional 5,000 Mauser-Vergueiro rifles, chambered in 7×57mm Mauser, were produced in 1906 for Brazil's Federal Police, using leftover components from the Portuguese order and issued in the cities of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. In 1915, 25,000 of Portugal's Mauser-Vergueiro rifles were sold to South Africa, which had insufficient Lee-Enfield SMLE rifles to supply all of its troops.[1]

In Portuguese and South African service it was used in combat in the First World War and in several colonial campaigns. The German colonial troops in East Africa also used Mauser-Vergueiro rifles, captured from the allied forces in combat. The Portuguese Expeditionary Corps on the Western Front used British weapons and equipment for logistical reasons, and so did not use the Vergueiro. Although Portugal was neutral in World War II, in 1942 Portuguese forces briefly fought against the Japanese occupation of Portuguese Timor using Mauser-Vergueiro rifles[1]

In 1939, after the Portuguese Army had adopted the 7.92×57mm Mauser 98k as the m/937, many of the remaining Mauser-Vergueiro rifles were modified to chamber the new standard cartridge. The modified rifles were called Espingarda 8 mm m/1904/39.[1] Markings on the modified rifles remained unchanged with the exception of the caliber designation "6,5" being stamped over on some rifles with two "X" marks. This was apparently done by individual Portuguese armorers rather than as standard practice.



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