Military Wiki
Model T, Model TT
Role Military trainer aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer Martin
Designer Charles F. Willard
First flight 1913
Primary user United States Army
Number built 17
Variants Martin S

The Martin T was a training biplane produced in the United States in 1913 for military use.[1] It was a conventional, three-bay biplane with unstaggered wings of equal span. The pilot and instructor sat in tandem, open cockpits with dual controls. Fixed, tricycle undercarriage was fitted which could be exchanged for a single pontoon under the fuselage and wingtip floats.[2]

Early examples were delivered to the Army without engines, so that the Army could power them with engines salvaged from other aircraft, but later TTs came equipped with Curtiss, Hall-Scott, or Sturtevant engines.[3]

In 1915, a Model TT was piloted by Oscar Brindley to win the Curtiss Marine Trophy for the longest flight within ten consecutive hours in the one day, covering 444 mi (710 km).[3]

The Model T was the basis for the Martin S Hydro seaplane, with a lengthened fuselage, a greater span, and upper wing ailerons.


Martin T
Two-seat training biplane for the US Army, 3 built (S.C. 31-33)
Martin TT
Variant with Curtiss, Hall-Scout or Sturtevant piston engines, 14 built (S.C. 37-38, 50-51, 54-55, 96-101, 330-331)


United States

Specifications (TT)

Data from Holcomb

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two, pilot and instructor
  • Length: 26 ft 4 in (8.01 m)
  • Wingspan: 38 ft 8 in (11.79 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 4 in (2.85 m)
  • Wing area: 379 ft2 (35.2 m2)
  • Empty weight: 1,320 lb (600 kg)
  • Gross weight: 1,720 lb (780 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Curtiss OX-2, 90 hp (67 kW)


  • Maximum speed: 96 mph (152 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 9,500 ft (2,900 m)


  1. Taylor 1989, 635
  2. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft, 2432
  3. 3.0 3.1 Holcomb

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