Military Wiki
Marian Spychalski
Marian Spychalski in 1965
Nickname Marek
Born 6 December 1906 (1906-12-06)
Died 7 June 1980 (1980-06-08) (aged 73)
Place of birth Łódź, Congress Poland, Russian Empire
Place of death Warsaw, Poland
Buried at Warsaw, Poland
Allegiance  Poland
Years of service 1944 - 1949, 1956 - 1968
Rank Marshal of Poland
Commands held Gwardia Ludowa
Defence Minister
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Order Budowniczych Polski Ludowej
Other work architect, politician

Marian "Marek" Spychalski (Polish pronunciation: [ˈmarjan spɨˈxalskʲi]; 6 December 1906 – 7 June 1980) was a Polish architect, military commander, and communist politician. Born to a working-class family in Łódź, he graduated from the Faculty of Architecture at the Warsaw University of Technology in 1931. Member of Communist Party of Poland since 1931, Polish Workers' Party since 1942, and Polish United Workers' Party since 1948.

Spychalski (centre) in 1945
with Świerczewski (right) and Rola-Żymierski (left)

During World War II he was active in the Soviet-created forces operating within Poland and was one of the leaders of the communist resistance movement Gwardia Ludowa (People's Guard), then Armia Ludowa (People's Army). In 1943 as part of Soviet effort to destroy Polish independence and resistance movement he denounced to the Gestapo various members of Polish resistance organizations.[1] After the war he held a number of offices in the communist government of Poland, one of his first being that of mayor of Warsaw (18 September 1944 – March 1945), technically still while the war was in progress. Among other posts, he was a long-time member of the Sejm (parliament) and, between 1968 and 1970, the chairman of the Council of State (the de iure head of state in the People's Republic of Poland). He was imprisoned during the purges in 49–53 and was only released from prison in 1956 to become Polish Minister of Defense, replacing the Soviet marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky.

Honours and awards

Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Ochab
Chairman of the Polish Council of State
Succeeded by
Józef Cyrankiewicz


  1. Bułhak, Władysław Komunistyczny donos do gestapo Rzeczpospolita 5–6 maja 2007

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