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Manuel Blanco Encalada
1st President of Chile

In office
July 9, 1826 – September 9, 1826
Vice President Agustín Eyzaguirre
Preceded by Ramón Freire (last Supreme Director)
Succeeded by Agustín Eyzaguirre
Personal details
Born (1790-04-21)April 21, 1790
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died September 5, 1876(1876-09-05) (aged 86)
Santiago, Chile
Political party None
Spouse(s) Carmen Gana López

Manuel José Blanco y Calvo de Encalada (April 21, 1790 – September 5, 1876) was a Vice-Admiral in the Chilean Navy, a political figure, and Chile's first President (Provisional)(1826).


Born in Buenos Aires, Blanco Encalada was the son of the Spanish Manuel Lorenzo Blanco Cicerón and of the Chilean Mercedes Calvo de Encalada y Recabarren. He was trained for the navy in Spain. Later, during the Chilean War of Independence, he joined the Chilean forces, where he served with distinction under Lord Cochrane and rose to rank of Vice-Admiral and commander of the Chilean forces in (1825), where he participated in the capture of Chiloé. The following year, Congress elected him to the newly established position of President of the Republic. He soon had several fights with Congress, which was trying to install a federalist system, and resigned within two months.

Later, he joined the wars against the Peruvian-Bolivian Confederation and Spain (1865–1866). After the war, he became Governor of Valparaíso and minister to France. He was also an active Freemason.[1] Blanco Encalada died in Santiago de Chile at the age of 86.


The Blanco Encalada Cabinet
Office Name Term
President of Chile Manuel Blanco Encalada9 July 1826–10 September 1826
Minister of Government & Foreign Affairs Ventura Blanco Encalada8 March 1826–20 October 1826
Minister of War & Navy José María Novoa8 March 1826–21 June 1826
Tomás Obejero21 June 1826–26 September 1826
Minister of Finance Manuel José Gandarillas8 March 1826–12 September 1826

See also


Political offices
Preceded by
Ramón Freire
(last Supreme Director)
President of Chile
Succeeded by
Agustín Eyzaguirre
Military offices
Preceded by
Francisco de la Lastra
Navy General Commander
Succeeded by
José Ignacio Zenteno
Preceded by
Santiago Aldunate
Navy General Commander
Succeeded by
Robert Simpson

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