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Maha Vir Chakra
150px

IND Maha Vir Chakra ribbon.png
Maha Vir Chakra
Awarded by India
Type Medal
Eligibility Military personnel only
Awarded for "... acts of gallantry in the presence of the enemy on land, at sea or in the air."[1]
Status Currently awarded
Statistics
Established 26 January 1950
Precedence
Next (higher) Param Vir Chakra
Next (lower) Vir Chakra

The Maha Vir Chakra (MVC) (Maha Vir = "great warrior") is the second highest military decoration in India and is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air. It replaced the British Distinguished Service Order (DSO). The medal may be awarded posthumously.

Appearance[]

The medal is made of standard silver and is circular in shape. Embossed on the obverse is a five pointed heraldic star with circular center-piece bearing the gilded state emblem of India in the center. The words "Mahavira Chakra" are embossed in Devanagari and English on the reverse with two lotus flowers in the middle. The decoration is worn on the left chest with a half-white and half-orange riband about 3.2 cm in width, the orange being near the left shoulder.[2]

History[]

More than 155 acts of bravery and selfless courage have been recognized since the inception of the medal. The most MVCs awarded in a single conflict was in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, when eleven were given to the Indian Air Force.

Provision was made for the award of a bar for a second award of the Maha Vir Chakra, the first two being awarded in 1965. To date, there are six known awards of a first bar: Wing Commander Jag Mohan Nath (1962 and 1 September 1965), Major General Rajindar Singh (19 March 1948 and 6 September 1965), General Arun Shridhar Vaidya (16 September 1965 and 5 December 1971), Wing Commander Padmanabha Gautam (6 September 1965 and 5 December 1971 [posthumous]), Colonel Chewang Rinchen (July 1948 and 8 December 1971), and Brigadier Sant Singh (2 November 1965 and January 1972). No second bars have been awarded. Award of the decoration carried with it the right to use M.V.C. as a postnominal abbreviation.

Mahavir Chakra Awardees[]

  1. Hero of Pir Thil – Major Satyapal Chopra 1947–48 Operation
  2. Havildar Fateh Singh – Havildar Fateh Singh 1947–48 Operation
  3. Lone Gunner – Sepoy Dewan Singh 1947–48 Operation
  4. The Gallant Havildar – Lance Havildar Dayaram 1947–48 Operation
  5. The Unstoppable Chuna Ram – Havildar Chuna Ram 1947–48 Operation
  6. Major Hari Chand – Major Hari Chand 1947–48 Operation
  7. Blood in the Snow – Sepoy Amar Singh 1947–48 Operation
  8. Hero in Civvies – Mohammed Ismail 1947–48 Operation
  9. Rifleman Dhonkal singh – Rifleman Dhonkal singh 1947–48 Operation
  10. Master Strategist – Lt. Col. Khanna 1947–48 Operation
  11. Major Brar's bravery – Major Malkait Singh Brar 1947–48 Operation
  12. He Started Young – Jemadar Chewang Rinchen 1947–48 Operation
  13. A Gun Falls Silent – Naik Chand Singh 1947–48 Operation
  14. Hit And Run – Major Khushal Chand 1947–48 Operation
  15. Major Nirod Baran Banarjee – Major Nirod Baran Banarjee 1951 UN Operation
  16. Hero Of Kongo – Lance Naik Gurung 1961 UN Operation
  17. The One Who Stayed Behind – Naik Chain Singh 1962 Chinese Attack
  18. Bold Manoeurve – Major Gurudayal Singh 1962 Chinese Attack
  19. Two Brave Warriors – Sepoy Kewal Singh 1962 Chinese Attack
  20. Wings of Fire – Squadron Leader Devayya 1965 Indo Pak War
  21. Lt. Col. Madan Mohan Singh Bakshi – Lt. Col. Madan Mohan Singh Bakshi 1965 Indo Pak War
  22. Major Sher Pratap Singh Shrikent – Major Sher Pratap Singh Shrikent 1962 Chinese Attack
  23. True Gift – Second Lt. Goswami, 1962 Chinese Attack
  24. Out Numbered but Undaunted – Sepoy Kanshi Ram 1962 Chinese Attack
  25. Second Lieutenant Bhagwan Dutt Dogra – Second Lieutenant Bhagwan Dutt Dogra 1962 Chinese Attack
  26. A Wounded Lion – Lt. Col. Nandagopal 1965 Indo Pak War
  27. Courage Under Fire – Wing Commander Good Man 1965 Indo Pak War
  28. Daring the Impossible – Lt. Col. Singh 1965 Indo Pak War
  29. Leading By Example – Lt. Col. Mehra 1965 Indo Pak War
  30. Inspired Leadership – Lt. Col. Hayde 1965 Indo Pak War
  31. Astute Strategist – Major Roy 1965 Indo Pak War
  32. Unflinching Defence – Subhedar Ajit Singh 1965 Indo Pak War
  33. Duty Before Self – Naubat Ram 1965 Indo Pak War
  34. Forward Thrust – Raghubir Singh 1965 Indo Pak War
  35. In The Line Of Fire – Major Tyagi 1965 Indo Pak War
  36. A Long Drawn Operation – Brig. Zorawar Chand Bakshi 1965 Indo Pak War
  37. Valiant Leader – Subedar Sonam Stobdhan 1962 Chinese Attack
  38. Tiger in the tank – Lt.Col Salim Caleb 1965 Indo Pak War
  39. Air attack – Major Sushil Kumar Mathur 1965 Indo Pak War
  40. Tenacious Fighter – Major Chaudhury 1962 Chinese Attack
  41. Raw Courage – Captain Gautum Mubayi 1965 Indo Pak War
  42. A Daring Move – Major Ranjit Singh Dayal 1965 Indo Pak War
  43. Till The Very End – Subedar Tika Bahadur Thapa 1965 Indo Pak War
  44. The Final Charge – Captain Chander Narain Singh 1965 Indo Pak War
  45. Able Leader – Brigadier Ram Dharamdas Hira 1965 Indo Pak War
  46. War Veteran – Major General Mohinder Singh 1965 Indo Pak War
  47. A meticulous planner – Major General Swarup Singh Kallan 1965 Indo Pak War
  48. Well Planned Move – Brigadier Khem Karan Singh
  49. No Time For Fear – Captain Karan Singh Thapa 1965 Indo Pak War
  50. Against The Odds – Naik Darshan Singh 1965 Indo Pak War
  51. Advance Moves – Major General Har Krishen Sibal 1965 Indo Pak War
  52. A Valiant Effort – Lt.Col Narindra Nath Khanna 1965 Indo Pak War
  53. Mission Accomplished – Major Baljit Singh Randhwa 1965 Indo Pak War
  54. Reaching For The Skies – Squadron Leader Jag Mohan Nath 1962 Chinese Attack
  55. Victory Amidst The Flames – Sepoy Ansuya Prasad 1971 Indo Pak War
  56. A man of distinction – Brigadier Arun Shridhar Vaidya 1965 Indo Pak War
  57. The Road to Dhaka – Lt.Col Kulwant Singh Pannu 1971 Indo Pak War
  58. Astute Leader – Lt.Col Gurubans Singh Sangha 1965 Indo Pak War
  59. A story of three battles – Brigadier Harold Michigan 1971 Indo Pak War
  60. The Battle for Fatehpur – Lt.Col Harish Pathak 1971 Indo Pak War
  61. A Battle Of Nerves – Havildar Philipose 1971 Indo Pak War
  62. The Eastern Advance – Brigadier Kailash Prasad Pande 1971 Indo Pak War
  63. Manoeuvres In The Skies – Wing Commander Vidya Bhushan Vashist 1971 Indo Pak War
  64. Naval Hero – Captain Mahendra Nath Mulla 1971 Indo Pak War
  65. A True Leader – Lt.Col. Bhawani Singh 1971 Indo Pak War
  66. A Real Life Hero – Major Kuldip Singh Chandpuri 1971 Indo Pak War
  67. Daring Raids – Squadron Leader Banerji 1971 Indo Pak War
  68. Dangerous Missions – Major Vijay Rattan Chowdhary 1971 Indo Pak War
  69. kargil hero - Captain Anuj Nayyar 1999 kargil conflict
  70. Hero of Garibpur – Lt.Col.Rajkumar Singh 1971 Indo Pak War
  71. A Charge Across The Bridge – Captain Devinder Singh Ahlawat 1971 Indo Pak War
  72. Man of the Mountains – Brig. Mohinder Lal Whig 1971 Indo Pak War
  73. Battle of Trenches – Subhedar Malkait Singh 1971 Indo Pak War
  74. Courageous Captain – Group Captain Chandan Singh 1971 Indo Pak War
  75. Wings of Steel – Commander Cecil Parker 1971 Indo Pak War
  76. Fierce Resistance – Lt. Col. Arun Bhimroa Harolikar 1971 Indo- Pak war
  77. Advance across the river – Brigadier Krishnaswamy 1971 Indo- Pak war
  78. Tactical Genius – Brigadier Bakshi 1971 Indo- Pak war
  79. Lone Pilot – Wing Commander Ramesh Sakharam Benegal 1971 Indo- Pak war
  80. Sailor to the Rescue – Seaman Chanam Singh 1971 Indo- Pak war
  81. Elusive Captain – Captain Swaraj Parkash 1971 Indo- Pak war
  82. Heroes of Basantar – Lt. Colonel Vohra 1971 Indo- Pak war
  83. One man mission – Captain Pradeep kumar Gour 1971 Indo- Pak war
  84. Defender Of The Ridge – Major Jaivir Singh 1971 Indo- Pak war
  85. Hero Of Nagal Tekri – Lt.Col. Rattan Nath Sharma 1971 Indo- Pak war
  86. Commander In The Skies – Wing Commander Talwar 1971 Indo- Pak war
  87. Advance Into Basantar – Lt.Col.Ved Prakash Airy 1971 Indo- Pak war
  88. The Last Charge – Second Lt. Samsher Singh Samra 1971 Indo -Pak war
  89. Battle At Dawn – Lt.Col.Chitoor Venugopal 1971 Indo- Pak war
  90. Siege Of Jamalpur – Brigadier Hardev Singh 1971 Indo- Pak war
  91. Flying Ace – Squadron Leader Ravinder Nath Bhardwaj 1971 Indo- Pak war
  92. In Dangerous waters – Commander Mohan Narayan Rao Samant 1971 Indo- Pak war
  93. The Defence Of Jarpal – Major Amarjit Singh Bal 1971 Indo- Pak war
  94. True Grit – Major Anup Singh Gahlaut 1971 Indo- Pak war
  95. The Height Of Valour – Colonel Udai Singh 1971 Indo- Pak war
  96. Nerves Of Steel – Lt.Col. Prem Kumar Khanna 1971 Indo- Pak war
  97. Till Death Decides – Lt.Col. Ved Prakash Ghai 1971 Indo- Pak war
  98. Champion Striker – Wing Commander Allan Albert D’Costa 1971 Indo- Pak war
  99. The Garibpur Tank Battle – Major Daljeet Singh Narang 1971 Indo- Pak war
  100. Armour Siege – Brigadier Theograj 1971 Indo- Pak war
  101. Fight Over Brachil Pass – Subedar Mohindar Singh 1971 Indo- Pak war
  102. The Night Vigil – Lance Naik Nar Bahadur Chhetri 1971 Indo- Pak war
  103. Man In Command – Wing Commander Harcharan Singh Mangat 1971 Indo- Pak war
  104. Young Martyr – Pati Ram Gurung 1971 Indo- Pak war
  105. In Dangerous Waters – Commander Babru Bahan Yadav 1971 Indo- Pak war
  106. The Capture of Chakra – Major Dharam Veer Singh 1971 Indo- Pak war
  107. Bridge on the river Ravi – Lt. Col. Narinder Singh Sandhu 1971 Indo- Pak war
  108. Experienced Soldier – Wing Commander Swarop Krishna Kaul 1971 Indo- Pak war
  109. Gunned Down – Lance Naik Drig Pal Singh 1971 Indo- Pak war
  110. Defending Ranian – Major Basdev Singh Mankhotia 1971 Indo- Pak war
  111. An Armoured Mission – Lt.Col. Sukhjit Singh 1971 Indo- Pak war
  112. Determined Resistance – Second Lt. Rajeev Sandhu Indo-Srilankan Peace Accord
  113. Onwards to Dhaka – Brigadier Sant Singh 1971 Indo- Pak war
  114. Double Honours – Squadron Leader Padmanabha Gautam 1971 Indo- Pak war
  115. Battle on a Lagoon – Col. Vijay Kumar Bakshi Indo-Srilankan Peace Accord
  116. Underwater Operation – Lt. Arvind Singh Indo-Srilankan Peace Accord
  117. Master Tactician – Brigadier Manjeet Singh Indo-Srilankan Peace Accord
  118. The Major Kept Cool – Major Ganapathi Puttichanda Somiah Indian Intervention in Srilanka
  119. Vailant Soldier – Lt. Col. Inder Bal Singh Bawa Indo-Srilankan Peace Accord
  120. Capturing "Shoulder" – Subhedar Sansar Chand 1987 Pakistani Infiltration in Siachen
  121. He died a Hero – Lance Havildar Nar Bahadur Ale 1987 Siachen Conflict
  122. Defending Ashok – Major Krishna Gopal Chatterji 1987 Pakistani Infiltration in Siachen
  123. Khukri Attack – Naik Prem Bahadur Gurung 1987 Pakistani Infiltration in Siachen
  124. Summer 0f '48 – Brigadier Yadunath Singh 1948 mission for Jhangar
  125. The Charge Across Basantar – Lt. Colnel Hanut Singh 1971 Indo-Pak war
  126. Hero In a Distant Land – Lt. Vedprakash Trehan 1962 UN Peace keeping in Congo
  127. Devotion to Duty – Captain Pratap Singh
  128. Last Charge – Major Harbhajan Singh 1967 Chinese Attack
  129. Martyr of Sodreke – Major Bhupinder Singh 1965 Indo Pak war
  130. Defending The Frontiers – Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat 1962 Chinese attack
  131. Thapa's Last Stand – Naik Mahabir Thapa 1961 UN intervention in Congo
  132. Worthy Of Honour – Hrushikesh Moolgavkar 1948 Jammu & Kashmir Operation
  133. The doctor as Saviour – Major Anil Krishna Barat 1948 Jammu & Kashmir Operation
  134. The Last Post – Captain Dara Dinshaw Mistri 1948 Jammu & Kashmir Operation
  135. Fellow Feeling – Major Annavi Krishnaswamy Ramaswamy 1948 Jammu & Kashmir Operation
  136. In defence of Srinagar – Lt. Col. Dewan Ranjeet Rai 1947 Indo-Pakistan War
  137. An Immortal Hero – Brig. Mohammed Usman 1947 Indo-Pakistan War
  138. Innovation in the Skies – Air Commodore Mehar Singh 1947 Indo-Pakistan War
  139. Death of a Patriot – Lt. Col. Inderjit Singh Butalia 1947 Indo-Pakistan War
  140. Smart Moves – Brigadier Kanhya Lal Atal 1947–48 Indo-Pakistan War
  141. A determined fight – Naik Krishna Sonawane 1947–48 Indo-Pakistan War
  142. Leading By Example – Lieutanant Kishan Singh Rathore 1947–48 Indo-Pakistan War
  143. Superior Tactics – Lt. Col. Harbans Singh Virk 1947–48 Indo-Pakistan War
  144. Master Soldier – Naik Nar Singh 1947–48 Indo-Pakistan War
  145. Action At Uri – Nand Singh 1947–48 Indo-Pakistan War
  146. The Story of Skardu Siege – Lt. Col. Sher Jung Thapa 1947–48 Indo-Pakistan War
  147. Pathania's Ploys – Lt. Col. Anant Singh Pathania 1947–48 Indo-Pakistan War
  148. One-Man Mission – Lance Naik Thapa 1962 Indo-China War
  149. Guerilla Soldiers – Major Thakur Prithi Chand 1962 Indo-China War
  150. – UNKNOWN – 1962 Indo-China War
  151. Fortune Favours the Brave – Lance Havildar Ramprasad Gurung 1962 Indo-China War
  152. Valiant Airman – Sidney Basil Noronha 1948 Indo-Pak War
  153. The Brigadier's Sacrifice – Brigadier Rajendra Singh 1948 Indo-Pak War
  154. To The Last Man – Havildar Saroop Singh 1948 Indo-Pak War
  155. Heroic Defence – Lt. G.V.P. Rao 1962 Indo-China War
  156. Vailant Soldier - Commandant N.C. Sharma
  157. Kargil Hero - Captain Anuj Nayar 1999 Kargil War

References[]

  1. http://www.onlinegkguide.com/2011/12/17/list-of-maha-vir-chakra-recipients-india/

External links[]


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