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Luftflotte 4[1] (Air Fleet 4) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II. It was formed on March 18, 1939 from Luftwaffenkommando Österreich in Vienna. The Luftflotte was redesignated on April 21, 1945 to Luftwaffenkommando 4, and became subordinated to Luftflotte 6. It was the Luftflotte 4, which was responsible for the bombing campaign of Stalingrad, where ca. 40000 civilians died. This Luftwaffe Detachment was based in Romania, Bulgaria, Southeast Poland, Hungary, Ukraine and Russian occupied territories, for supporting Axis forces; with command offices in Morczyn, Hungary, during June 26, 1944, Eastern Front.

see Organization of the Luftwaffe (1933–1945) for explanation of abbreviations used below.

Strategic reconnaissance

  • 2.(F)/11 (Jasionka)
  • 2.(F)/22 (Focşani)
  • 2.(F)/100 (Lublin)

Transports (special duties)

  • 14 St./Transportgeshwader 4 (Odessa)

I. Fliegerkorps (I. Air Corps) Focşani

Strategic Reconnaissance

  • 3.(F)/121 (Ziliştea)
  • NSt.1 (Focşani)

Tactical reconnaissance

  • Stab/NAGr.1(Chişinău)
  • 2/NAGr.16 (Chişinău)
  • Stab/NAGr.14(Comrat)
  • 1./NAGr.14 (Comrat)
  • 2./NAGr.14 (Bacău)

Maritime reconnaissance

  • Stab/FAGr.125(See) (Constanţa)
  • 1.(F)/125 (See) (Varna, Bulgaria)
  • 3.(F)/125 (See) (Mamaia)
  • (Rum)A.St.22/1 (Ciocârlia, Romania)
  • (Rum)101.A.St. (Mamaia)
  • (Bulg)See. A.St.(Varna, Bulgaria)

Fighters

  • Stab/JG.52 (Manzar)
  • I./JG.52 (Leipzig, Romania)
  • II./JG.52 (Manzar)
  • III./JG.52 (Roman)
  • 15(Kroat)/JG.52 (Ziliştea)

Land air strike

  • Stab/SG.2 (Huşi)
  • I./SG.2 (Huşi)
  • II./SG.2 (Ziliştea)
  • III./SG.2 (Huşi)
  • II./SG.10 (Culm)
  • 10.(Pz)/SG.2 (Trotuş)
  • 14.(Pz)/SG.2 (Trotuş)

Night land attack

  • Stab/NSGr.5 (Manzar)
  • 1./NSGr.5 (Roman)
  • 2./NSGr.5 (Chişinău)
  • 3./NSGr.5 (Chişinău)

Bombers (medium)

  • I./KG.4 (Focşani)

VIII.Fliegerkorps (VIII Air Corps) Lubien Poland

Strategic reconnaissance

  • 2.(F)/11 (Jasionka)
  • 2.(F)/100 (Lubin)

Tactical reconnaissance

  • Stab/NAGr.2(Strunybaby)
  • 1./NAGr.2(Strunybaby)
  • 2./NAGr.2(Strunybaby)

Land air strike

  • Stab IV(Pz)/SG.9 (Lisiatycze)
  • 12.(Pz)/SG.9 (Strunybaby)
  • 13.(Pz)/SG.9(Lisiatycze)
  • Stab./SG.77 (Jasionka)
  • I./SG.77 (Jasionka)
  • II./SG.77(Lemberg)
  • III./SG.77(Cuniov)
  • 10.(Pz)/SG.77(Starzava)
  • (Ung)S.St. G.102/1(Cuniov)
  • (Ung)(101 C.O.)St. G.101(Borgond-Balaton)

Night land attack

  • Stab/NSGr.4 (Hordinia)
  • 1./NSGr.4 (Hordinia)

Bombers

  • 14.(Eis.)KG.27 (Krosno)

Fliegerfuhrer 102 Ungarn (102 Air Direction in Hungary)Labunia

Tactical Reconnaissance

  • (Ung)N.A.St.102/1 (Labunia)
  • 7./NAGr.32 (Labunia)

Fighters

  • (Ung)J.St.102/1 (Zamość)

Bombers

  • (Ung)K.St.102/1 (Klemensova)

Rapid bombers

  • (Ung)SK.St.102/1 (Klemensova)

Romanien I Fliegerkorps (I Romanian Air Corps) Tecuci

Strategic/tactical reconnaissance

  • (Rum)2.(F) A.St. (Iveştidisambiguation needed)
  • (Rum)102 A.St. (Vilkov)
  • (Rum)(C.A.1)1A.St.(Bacău)

Fighters

  • (Rum)II./JG.3 (Bacău)
  • (Rum)65./J.St. (Bacău)
  • (Rum)66./J.St. (Bacău)
  • (Rum)67./J.St. (Bacău)
  • Stab(Rum) IV.JGr.45 (Ianca)
  • (Rum).45 J.St. (Ianca)
  • (Rum).46 J.St. (Ianca)
  • (Rum).49 J.St. (Ianca)
  • (Rum).IX JGr. (Tecuci)
  • (Rum).47 J.St.(Tecuci)
  • (Rum).48 J.St.(Tecuci)
  • (Rum).56 J.St.(Tecuci)

Tactical support (dive bombers)

  • (Rum)StG.3 (Călimăneşti?) StG is Sturzkampfgeschwader, dive bombers
  • (Rum)StG.4 (Huşi)
  • (Rum)StG.8 (Matca)
  • (Rum)(G.P.)StG.3(Detach)(Odessa)
  • (Rum)(G.P.)StG.3 (Cioara-Dolceşti)

Bombers

  • (Rum)KG.2 (Ţăndărei)
  • (Rum)KG.4 (Ţăndărei)
  • (Rum)76 K.St.(Ianca)
  • (Rum)78 K.St.(Ianca)
  • (Rum)V KGr. (Iveştidisambiguation needed)
  • (Rum)K.St.1/3 (Ciocârliadisambiguation needed)

Kom. Gen.d.dtsch. Lw.i. Rum (general in chief of German Air Force in Romania) Bucharest

Jagdabschnittsfuhrer Rum. (chief of sector fighters of Romania) Bucharest

Fighters

  • I./JG.53 (Târgşorul-Nou)
  • III./JG.77 (Mizil)
  • (Rum)I./JG.2 (Roşiori)
  • (Rum)43. J.St.(Roşiori)
  • (Rum)63.J.St.(Roşiori)
  • (Rum)64.J.St.(Roşiori)
  • (Rum)VII JGr.(Popești-Leordeni)
  • (Rum)59./VII JGr.(Popești-Leordeni)
  • (Rum)61./VII JGr.(Popești-Leordeni)
  • (Rum)62./VII JGr.(Popești-Leordeni)
  • (Rum)VII.JGr. (Boteni)
  • (Rum)53./VII.J.St (Boteni)
  • (Rum)57./VII.J.St.(Boteni)
  • (Rum)51.J.St. (Ţepeş Vodădisambiguation needed)
  • (Rum)52.J.St. (Mamaia)
  • (Rum)58.J.St. (Pipera)

Night fighters

  • 10./NJG.6 (Otopeni-Bucharest)
  • 12./NJG.6 (Otopeni-Bucharest)
  • 11./(Detach)NJG.100 (Otopeni-Bucharest)
  • 4./(N)JG.301 (Mizil)
  • 6./(N)JG.301 (Târgşorul-Nou)
  • (Rum)1./NJ.St. (Otopeni-Bucharest)

Commanding officers

Flag for the Chief of a Luftflotte

Chief of staff

Herbert Olbricht

  • Oberst Günther Korten, 18 March 1939 – 19 December 1939
  • Oberst Herbert Olbrich, 19 December 1939 – 21 July 1940
  • Obstlt Andreas Nielsen, 21 July 1940 – 3 November 1940
  • Oberst Richard Schimpf, 4 November 1940 – 15 January 1941
  • Generalleutnant Günther Korten, 15 January 1941 – 12 August 1942
  • Oberst Hans-Detlef Herhudt von Rohden, 24 August 1942 – 23 February 1943
  • Oberst Karl-Heinrich Schulz, 1 March 1943 – 25 March 1943
  • General Otto Deßloch, 26 March 1943 – 3 September 1943
  • Generalmajor Karl-Heinrich Schulz, 3 September 1943 – 21 April 1945

References

Notes
  1. For an explanation of the meaning of Luftwaffe unit designation see Luftwaffe Organisation
References


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