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Luftflotte 1[1] (Air Fleet 1) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II. It was formed February 1, 1939 from Luftwaffengruppenkommando 1 in Berlin. This Luftwaffe detachment served in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Immola, Finland for air support of Axis forces in area; with command offices in Malpils, Latvia, (June 26, 1944), Eastern front.

Units under Command

Strategic Reconnaissance

  • Stab/FAGr 1 (Riga–Spilve)
  • 3.(F)/22 (Riga–Spilve)
  • 5.(F)/122 (Mitau)
  • NASt 3 (Riga–Spilve)

Maritime Reconnaissance

  • 1./SAGr 127 (Reval–Uleministe)

Transports

  • 1./TGr 10(Ital.) (Riga–Spilve)

Transports (special works)

This unit was branch of KG 200 with bases in East Prussia, Kurland and Baltic areas, stay equipped with:

  • Junkers Ju 252A-1
  • Junkers Ju 352A-0/A-1 Herkules
  • Arado Ar 232B-0 Tausendfüßler for transport special commandos, weapons, vehicles or dropping by parachute secret agents in clandestine missions behind enemy lines.
  • I.(TGr.)/KG 200 (Riga)

Bombers

  • 14.(Eis)/KG 55 (Jakobstadt)

3.Fliegerdivision (3°Air Division) Petseri

Tactical Reconnaissance

  • Stab//NAGr 5 (Petseri)
  • 1./NAGr 5 (Idriza)
  • 1./NAGr 31 (Wesemberg)

Land Air Strike

  • I/SG 3 (Jakobstadt)

Night land strike

  • Stab/NSGr 1 (Idriza)
  • 3./NSGr 1 (Idriza)
  • 1./NSGr 1 (Kaunas)
  • 2./NSGr 1 (Kaunas)
  • Stab/NSGr 3 (Vecuci)
  • 1./NSGr 3 (Vecuci)
  • 2./NSGr 3 (Vecuci)
  • 1./NSGr 12 (Vecuci)
  • 1./(Detach)NSGr 12(Riga–Spilve)
  • Stab/NSGr 11(Rahkla)
  • 1./NSGr 11 (Rahkla)
  • 2./NSGr 11 (Rahkla)
  • 2./NSG 12 (Libau)

Jagdabschnittfuhrer Ostland (Fighter direction in Ostland) Riga-Spilve

Fighters

  • Stab/JG 54 (Dorpat)
  • I./JG 54 (Turku)(Finland)
  • 2./JG 54 (Reval–Laksberg)
  • 3./JG 54 (Reval–Laksberg)

Gefechtsverband Kuhlmey (Kuhlmey Combat Unit) Immola

Tactical Reconnaissance

  • 1./NAGr 5 (Immola)

Fighters

  • II./JG 54 (Immola)

Land Air Strike

  • Stab/SG 3 (Immola)
  • 1./SG 3 (Immola)
  • 2./SG 3 (Immola)
  • 3./SG 3 (Immola)

Commanding officers

Flag for the Chief of a Luftflotte

Chief of staff

  • Generalmajor Wilhelm Speidel, 1 February 1939 – 19 December 1939
  • Generalleutnant Ulrich Kessler, 19 December 1939 – 25 April 1940
  • Oberst Heinz-Hellmuth von Wühlisch, 1 May 1940 – 9 May 1940
  • Generalmajor Dr. Robert Knauss, 9 May 1940 – 4 October 1940
  • Generalmajor Otto Schöbel, 5 October 1940 – 16 January 1941
  • Generalmajor Heinz-Hellmuth von Wühlisch, 16 January 1941 – 13 October 1941
  • Generalmajor Herbert Rieckhoff, 13 October 1941 – 23 February 1943
  • Generalmajor Hans Detlef Herhudt von Rohden, 23 February 1943 – 24 August 1943
  • Generalmajor Klaus Uebe, 25 August 1943 – 24 December 1944
  • Oberstleutnant Paul-Werner Hozzel, 25 December 1944 – 16 April 1945

Subordinated units

  • 2(F) Ob.d.L. (Do 215B)
  • 5(F) 122 (Ju 88D)
  • eleven squadrons of (Hs 126)
  • SAGr 125 (Ar 95, Ar 196, He 114)
  • one transport squadron (Ju 52)
  • five liaison squadrons (Fi 156)
  • IV. Flakkorps (anti-aircraft artillery)
    • 2. Flak-Division
    • 6. Flak-Division
Detachment Kuhlmey1st Air Division (Germany)

Abbreviations

References

Notes
  1. For an explanation of the meaning of Luftwaffe unit designation see Luftwaffe Organisation
References


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