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Ludwig Anton von Pfalz-Neuburg

Ludwig Anton von Pfalz-Neuburg (also sometimes called Ludwig Anton von Rhein zu Neuburg) (1660–1694) was the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights from 1685 to 1694, and the Prince-Bishop of Worms from 1691 to 1694.


A member of the House of Wittelsbach, Ludwig Anton von Pfalz-Neuburg was born in Düsseldorf on 9 June 1660. His father, Philip Wilhelm was at the time Count Palatine of Pfalz-Neuburg and would become Elector Palatine in 1685. His mother was Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt.

As a younger son, Ludwig Anton was groomed for a career in the church from an early age. He was made a canon of Cologne Cathedral (1664), Mainz Cathedral (1668), Strasbourg Cathedral (1669), Speyer Cathedral (1674), and Liège Cathedral (1679). He was also the abbot of Fécamp Abbey from 1674.

He was inducted into the Teutonic Knights on 10 December 1679 and chosen as the coadjutor of the Grand Master six days later. He took part in the 1683 Battle of Vienna and was decorated by Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor for his bravery. He succeeded as Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights on 6 September 1684. He subsequently participated in the Battle of Buda (1686), where he was seriously injured.

In 1688, Louis XIV of France succeeded in having the cathedral chapter of Cologne Cathedral elect his client William Egon of Fürstenberg to be coadjutor archbishop of Cologne, meaning he would succeed as Archbishop of Cologne upon the death of Maximilian Henry of Bavaria. However, Leopold I prevailed on Pope Innocent XI to veto the appointment, with the pope having Sebastiano Antonio Tanara, the Apostolic Nuncio to Cologne, ensure that the cathedral chapter changed its vote. Ludwig Anton and his brother Count Palatine Francis Louis of Neuburg, who was also a member of the cathedral chapter, subsequently ensured that Louis XIV's candidate could not receive the required two-thirds majority and Joseph Clemens of Bavaria was eventually elected instead.

During the Nine Years' War, Ludwig Anton was a commander during the Siege of Mainz, in the course of which he was shot on 4 August 1689.

On 22 August 1689 he was elected to be the assistant of the Prince-Provost of Ellwangen Abbey. He was selected coadjutor archbishop of Mainz on 19 April 1691, with Pope Innocent XII confirming his appointment on 12 November 1691.

On 12 November 1691 the cathedral chapter of Worms Cathedral elected him to be the new Prince-Bishop of Worms, which had been decimated by the fighting of the Nine Years' War and sought an outsider to help restore the prince-bishopric's fortunes. Innocent XII confirmed his appointment on 9 June 1693. He was ordained as a priest by Anselm Franz von Ingelheim, Archbishop-Elector of Mainz in the Jesuit church in Aschaffenburg on 4 January 1694.

Later in 1694, he was a candidate to become Prince-Bishop of Liège, along with Joseph Clemens of Bavaria. He died in Liège on 4 May 1694 before the election was finalized.

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Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Johann Caspar von Ampringen
Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights
Succeeded by
Count Palatine Francis Louis of Neuburg
Preceded by
Johannes Karl von und zu Franckenstein
Prince-Bishop of Worms
Succeeded by
Count Palatine Francis Louis of Neuburg

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